1 F.3d 920 (9th Cir. 1993), 92-50230, United States v. Soto

Docket Nº:92-50230, 92-50254.
Citation:1 F.3d 920
Party Name:UNITED STATES of America, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Javier Rodriguez SOTO, Defendant-Appellant. UNITED STATES of America, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Jose Francisco VALENCIA, Defendant-Appellant.
Case Date:August 04, 1993
Court:United States Courts of Appeals, Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
 
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Page 920

1 F.3d 920 (9th Cir. 1993)

UNITED STATES of America, Plaintiff-Appellee,

v.

Javier Rodriguez SOTO, Defendant-Appellant.

UNITED STATES of America, Plaintiff-Appellee,

v.

Jose Francisco VALENCIA, Defendant-Appellant.

Nos. 92-50230, 92-50254.

United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit

August 4, 1993

Argued and Submitted May 6, 1993.

As Amended Sept. 20, 1993.

Page 921

Loretta S. Shartsis, Sherman Oaks, CA, for defendant-appellant Javier Rodriguez Soto.

Roger S. Hanson, Santa Ana, CA, for defendant-appellant Jose Francisco Valencia.

Robert L. Brosio and Walter F. Brown, Jr., Asst. U.S. Attys., Los Angeles, CA, for plaintiff-appellee U.S.

Appeal from the United States District Court for the Central District of California.

Before: KOZINSKI, SUHRHEINRICH [*] and T.G. NELSON, Circuit Judges.

SUHRHEINRICH, Circuit Judge:

Javier Rodriguez-Soto (Soto) and Jose Francisco-Valencia (Valencia) appeal their convictions for conspiracy to distribute and to possess with intent to distribute in excess of five kilograms of cocaine in violation of 21 U.S.C. Sec. 846. Valencia also appeals his conviction for possession with intent to distribute fifty-four kilograms of a mixture or substance containing a detectable amount of cocaine, in violation of 21 U.S.C. Sec. 841(a)(1). Both defendants claim an impermissible variance in the indictment. Valencia also alleges prosecutorial misconduct, a speedy trial violation, and improper exclusion of expert testimony. Finding each of these contentions to be without merit, we AFFIRM.

I.

On August 29, 1991, following an undercover narcotics investigation, members of the Los Angeles Police Department seized fifty-four kilogram packages from co-defendant Guilberto Silva De La Torre's residence. The same day, the Los Angeles County Attorney's Office charged Valencia, Soto, De La Torre, and several others in the Los Angeles Superior Court with violations of the state narcotics laws. The state attorney's office dismissed its charges against defendants, however, after the present federal charges were brought.

On September 13, 1991, the United States Attorney's Office for the Central District of California filed a criminal complaint against the same defendants, and on October 1, 1991, a federal grand jury returned a three-count indictment against Valencia, Soto, De La Torre, Jesus Ramirez and Maria Del Rocio Valencia Shirley. Count one charged all defendants with conspiring to distribute and to possess with intent to distribute excess of five kilograms of a mixture or substance containing a detectable amount of cocaine, in violation of 21 U.S.C. Sec. 846. Count two charged defendants Valencia, De La Torre and Shirley with possessing with intent to...

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