123 T.C. 15 (T.C. 2004), 19200-94, Estate of Smith v. Commissioner of Internal Revenue
|Citation:||123 T.C. 15, 123 T.C. No. 2|
|Opinion Judge:||ROBERT P. RUWE, Judge :|
|Party Name:||ESTATE OF ALGERINE ALLEN SMITH, DECEASED, JAMES ALLEN SMITH, EXECUTOR, Petitioner v. COMMISSIONER OF INTERNAL REVENUE, Respondent|
|Attorney:||Harold A. Chamberlain and Michael C. Riddle, for petitioner. R. Scott Shieldes, for respondent.|
|Judge Panel:||COHEN, SWIFT, WELLS, HALPERN, CHIECHI, and VASQUEZ, JJ., agree with this majority opinion. FOLEY and MARVEL, JJ., concur in result only. LARO, J., concurring: VASQUEZ and GALE, JJ., agree with this concurring opinion. THORNTON, J., concurring: GERBER, LARO, and GALE, JJ., agree with this concurri...|
|Case Date:||July 13, 2004|
|Court:||United States Tax Court|
On Jan. 24, 2002, the Court entered a decision that there was an overpayment of $ 238,847.24 regarding E's estate tax liability, which amount was paid after the mailing of the notice of deficiency. That decision is now final. R issued refunds to E which were less than the overpayment amount and interest thereon. R alleges that the refund was less than the $ 238,847.24 overpayment and interest thereon because, after our decision became final, and pursuant to sec. 6402(a), I.R.C., he applied$ 85,336.83 of the $ 238,847.24 overpayment to assessed but unpaid the date of payment (underpayment interest). E filed a motion to enforce our overpayment determination pursuant to sec. 6512(b)(2), I.R.C., and Rule 260, Tax Court Rules of Practice and Procedure.
Held : An overpayment means any payment of tax in excess of the tax which is properly due. For purposes of determining the amount of an overpayment, the term " tax" includes any underpayment interest due thereon. Thus, an overpayment by definition is the amount by which payments exceed the tax and interest for the period of underpayment.
Held, further, the amount of the refund should not have been reduced for underpayment interest because that interest was part of the tax amount that was required to be considered in determining the amount of the overpayment. Our final decision that there was a $ 238,847.24 overpayment precludes any remaining unpaid underpayment interest to which Rcould apply the overpayment. Held, further, sec. 6512(b)(4), I.R.C., which provides that this Court does not have jurisdiction to restrain or review the Commissioner's application of an overpayment pursuant to sec. 6402, I.R.C., to outstanding tax liabilities of the taxpayer who overpaid, does not apply where our final decision in the same case precludes the existence of the liabilities to which the Commissioner applied the overpayment. E is entitled to a refund of the$ 238,847.24 overpayment amount, plus interest thereon, less any refunds already made with respect to the overpayment.
This matter is before the Court pursuant to the estate's Motion for Proceeding To Enforce Overpayment Determination pursuant to Rule 260.  Our jurisdiction to grant such relief is conferred by section 6512(b)(2).
In 1994, respondent issued a notice of deficiency determining an estate tax deficiency of $ 663,785 and an accuracy-related penalty under section 6662(a) of $ 132,785. The estate filed its petition with this Court seeking redetermination of the deficiency. In March 1998, after our first opinion and decision that there was a deficiency of $ 564,429.87, the estate paid $ 646,325.76 with respect to its estate tax. Our first decision was appealed and never became final. After many years of litigation,  we entered a decision on January 24, 2002, that is now final. In our decision, we determined that the estate was due an " overpayment in estate tax in the amount of $ 238,847.24, which amount was paid after the mailing of the notice of deficiency" .
Pertinent Dates and Information
Decedent died on November 16, 1990. The estate filed the estate tax return on July 12, 1991, and included with it a payment of $ 60,164.54, which was the tax liability reported on the return. On March 31, 1998, after our initial decision that there was a deficiency in the amount of $ 564,429.87, the estate remitted a $ 646,325.76 payment (advance payment). Respondent also credited the estate's estate tax liability with a 1992 income tax overpayment of $ 63,052. On May 12, 1998, respondent made a " quick assessment" of estate tax of $ 564,429.87 and deficiency interest thereon of $ 410,848.76.
On January 18, 2002, after our most recent opinion in this case, respondent filed respondent's computation for entry of decision (respondent's computation) along with a proposed decision. Counsel for both parties acknowledged that respondent's computation was in accordance with our opinion in Estate of Smith v. Commissioner, T.C. Memo. 2001-303, .affd. 54 Fed.Appx. 413 (5th Cir. 2002) Based on that computation, the parties stipulated that we should enter a decision " that there is an overpayment in estate tax in the amount of $ 238,847.24, which amount was paid after the mailing of the notice of deficiency" . 
On January 24, 2002, we entered our decision that there was a $ 238,847.24 overpayment of estate tax paid after the mailing of the notice of deficiency and that there was no penalty due from the estate under section 6662(a). That decision was appealed and affirmed and is now final. Sec. 7481(a).
Respondent's computation contained the following documents:
(1) Respondent's computation statement, the pertinent information of which is listed as follows:
Tax assessed and paid $ 624,594.41 Payments: July 12, 1991 $ 60,164.54 April 15, 1993 63,052.00 March 31, 1998 501,377.87 Total payments 624,594.41 Tax liability pursuant to mandate 385,747.17 Overpayment 238,847.24 Penalty sec. 6662(a) None
(2) Form 3614-A, Estate Tax, which recomputed in detail the estate's estate tax liability; Page 18 (3) Form 6180, Line Adjustment -- Estate Tax, which recomputed in detail decedent's taxable estate; (4) a detailed interest calculation which determined the estate's total Federal deficiency interest deduction as $ 209,943.54; and (5) Form 3623, Statement of Account. For simplicity, the following table is an extraction of the information therein contained:
|Revised liability||$ 385,747.17|
|Assessment (tax on return)||60,164.54|
|Tax Court assessment (5/12/98)||564,429.87||$ 410,848.76|
|Decrease) in assessment||(238,847.24)|
|Payments Payment with||60,164.54|
|Credit transfer 1992 (4/15/93)||63,052.00|
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