123 T.C. 15 (T.C. 2004), 19200-94, Estate of Smith v. Commissioner of Internal Revenue

Docket Nº:19200-94
Citation:123 T.C. 15, 123 T.C. No. 2
Opinion Judge:ROBERT P. RUWE, Judge :
Party Name:ESTATE OF ALGERINE ALLEN SMITH, DECEASED, JAMES ALLEN SMITH, EXECUTOR, Petitioner v. COMMISSIONER OF INTERNAL REVENUE, Respondent
Attorney:Harold A. Chamberlain and Michael C. Riddle, for petitioner. R. Scott Shieldes, for respondent.
Judge Panel:COHEN, SWIFT, WELLS, HALPERN, CHIECHI, and VASQUEZ, JJ., agree with this majority opinion. FOLEY and MARVEL, JJ., concur in result only. LARO, J., concurring: VASQUEZ and GALE, JJ., agree with this concurring opinion. THORNTON, J., concurring: GERBER, LARO, and GALE, JJ., agree with this concurri...
Case Date:July 13, 2004
Court:United States Tax Court
 
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Page 15

123 T.C. 15 (T.C. 2004)

123 T.C. No. 2

ESTATE OF ALGERINE ALLEN SMITH, DECEASED, JAMES ALLEN SMITH, EXECUTOR, Petitioner

v.

COMMISSIONER OF INTERNAL REVENUE, Respondent

No. 19200-94

United States Tax Court

July 13, 2004

SYLLABUS

On Jan. 24, 2002, the Court entered a decision that there was an overpayment of $ 238,847.24 regarding E's estate tax liability, which amount was paid after the mailing of the notice of deficiency. That decision is now final. R issued refunds to E which were less than the overpayment amount and interest thereon. R alleges that the refund was less than the $ 238,847.24 overpayment and interest thereon because, after our decision became final, and pursuant to sec. 6402(a), I.R.C., he applied$ 85,336.83 of the $ 238,847.24 overpayment to assessed but unpaid the date of payment (underpayment interest). E filed a motion to enforce our overpayment determination pursuant to sec. 6512(b)(2), I.R.C., and Rule 260, Tax Court Rules of Practice and Procedure.

Held : An overpayment means any payment of tax in excess of the tax which is properly due. For purposes of determining the amount of an overpayment, the term " tax" includes any underpayment interest due thereon. Thus, an overpayment by definition is the amount by which payments exceed the tax and interest for the period of underpayment.

Held, further, the amount of the refund should not have been reduced for underpayment interest because that interest was part of the tax amount that was required to be considered in determining the amount of the overpayment. Our final decision that there was a $ 238,847.24 overpayment precludes any remaining unpaid underpayment interest to which Rcould apply the overpayment. Held, further, sec. 6512(b)(4), I.R.C., which provides that this Court does not have jurisdiction to restrain or review the Commissioner's application of an overpayment pursuant to sec. 6402, I.R.C., to outstanding tax liabilities of the taxpayer who overpaid, does not apply where our final decision in the same case precludes the existence of the liabilities to which the Commissioner applied the overpayment. E is entitled to a refund of the$ 238,847.24 overpayment amount, plus interest thereon, less any refunds already made with respect to the overpayment.

Harold A. Chamberlain and Michael C. Riddle, for petitioner.

R. Scott Shieldes, for respondent.

OPINION

Page 16

ROBERT P. RUWE, Judge :

This matter is before the Court pursuant to the estate's Motion for Proceeding To Enforce Overpayment Determination pursuant to Rule 260. [1] Our jurisdiction to grant such relief is conferred by section 6512(b)(2).

Background

In 1994, respondent issued a notice of deficiency determining an estate tax deficiency of $ 663,785 and an accuracy-related penalty under section 6662(a) of $ 132,785. The estate filed its petition with this Court seeking redetermination of the deficiency. In March 1998, after our first opinion and decision that there was a deficiency of $ 564,429.87, the estate paid $ 646,325.76 with respect to its estate tax. Our first decision was appealed and never became final. After many years of litigation, [2] we entered a decision on January 24, 2002, that is now final. In our decision, we determined that the estate was due an " overpayment in estate tax in the amount of $ 238,847.24, which amount was paid after the mailing of the notice of deficiency" .

Pertinent Dates and Information

Decedent died on November 16, 1990. The estate filed the estate tax return on July 12, 1991, and included with it a payment of $ 60,164.54, which was the tax liability reported on the return. On March 31, 1998, after our initial decision that there was a deficiency in the amount of $ 564,429.87, the estate remitted a $ 646,325.76 payment (advance payment). Respondent also credited the estate's estate tax liability with a 1992 income tax overpayment of $ 63,052. On May 12, 1998, respondent made a " quick assessment" of estate tax of $ 564,429.87 and deficiency interest thereon of $ 410,848.76.

Page 17

On January 18, 2002, after our most recent opinion in this case, respondent filed respondent's computation for entry of decision (respondent's computation) along with a proposed decision. Counsel for both parties acknowledged that respondent's computation was in accordance with our opinion in Estate of Smith v. Commissioner, T.C. Memo. 2001-303, .affd. 54 Fed.Appx. 413 (5th Cir. 2002) Based on that computation, the parties stipulated that we should enter a decision " that there is an overpayment in estate tax in the amount of $ 238,847.24, which amount was paid after the mailing of the notice of deficiency" . [3]

On January 24, 2002, we entered our decision that there was a $ 238,847.24 overpayment of estate tax paid after the mailing of the notice of deficiency and that there was no penalty due from the estate under section 6662(a). That decision was appealed and affirmed and is now final. Sec. 7481(a).

Respondent's computation contained the following documents:

(1) Respondent's computation statement, the pertinent information of which is listed as follows:

Tax assessed and paid $ 624,594.41
Payments:
July 12, 1991 $ 60,164.54
April 15, 1993 63,052.00
March 31, 1998 501,377.87
Total payments 624,594.41
Tax liability pursuant to mandate 385,747.17
Overpayment 238,847.24
Penalty sec. 6662(a) None

(2) Form 3614-A, Estate Tax, which recomputed in detail the estate's estate tax liability; Page 18 (3) Form 6180, Line Adjustment -- Estate Tax, which recomputed in detail decedent's taxable estate; (4) a detailed interest calculation which determined the estate's total Federal deficiency interest deduction as $ 209,943.54; and (5) Form 3623, Statement of Account. For simplicity, the following table is an extraction of the information therein contained:

Tax Interest
Revised liability $ 385,747.17
Assessment (tax on return) 60,164.54
Tax Court assessment (5/12/98) 564,429.87 $ 410,848.76
Total assessments 624,594.41
Decrease) in assessment (238,847.24)
Revised liability 385,747.17
Payments Payment with 60,164.54
return (7/12/91)
Credit transfer 1992 (4/15/93) 63,052.00
Advance payment 501,377.87 144,947.89
(3/31/98) n.1
Total payments 624,594.41
(Overpayment) (238,847.24)
n.1 Advance payment totaling $ 646,325.76 received on Mar. 31, 1998. Of the total payment, $ 501,377.87 was applied towards the additional tax assessment, and $ 144,947.89 was applied towards the additional interest assessment made on May 12, 1998. The interest referred to in this document is interest on the underpayment of tax that accrued prior to the estate's payment of $ 646,325.76 on March 31, 1998. Hereafter, we refer to interest accrued during that period as " underpayment interest" . See Sunoco, Inc. v. Comm'r, 122 T.C. No. 4, 2004 U.S. Tax Ct. LEXIS 4 (2004) . On May 6, 2002, after our final decision, respondent abated $ 180,564.04 of the previously assessed underpayment interest and $ 238,847.24 of the previously assessed estate tax. On May 13, 2002, respondent issued to the estate a refund check of $ 210,467.35, consisting of a $ 153,510.41 refund for overpayment of estate tax and $ 56,956.94 in interest on that refunded amount. Respondent computed the $ 153,510.41 portion of the refund by subtracting $ 85,336.83 from the $ 238,847.24 overpayment amount in our final decision. According to respondent, the $ 85,336.83 was the amount of assessed but unpaid underpayment interest. On October 6, 2003, respondent abated $ 20,341.20 in underpayment Page 19 interest. On October 6, 2003, respondent refunded $ 30,108.47 to the estate. [4] Discussion In its motion, the estate argues that the amount refunded by respondent, $ 210,467.35 ($ 153,510.41 in overpaid estate taxes and $ 56,956.94 in interest on that amount) was incorrect. It is the estate's position that since this Court entered a decision that there was a $ 238,847.24 overpayment, it is this amount, plus interest thereon, which should be refunded to the estate. Accordingly, the estate seeks $ 85,336.83, the difference between $ 238,847.24 and $ 153,510.41, plus interest thereon. [5] We ordered respondent to respond to the motion. In response, respondent argues that at the time the Court's decision became final, the estate owed assessed and unpaid underpayment interest of $ 85,336.83. Respondent acknowledges that the estate's total payments exceed both the tax and interest regarding the estate tax liability but bases his argument on the allocations of the payments that respondent made between tax and interest. Respondent argues that he had originally, before the final decision, assessed underpayment interest in the amount of $ 410,848.76 and allocated $ 144,947.89 (from the $ 646,325.76, March 31, 1998, advance payment) to that underpayment interest. On the basis of the final decision, respondent explains that he abated $ 180,564.04 in underpayment interest. Thus, after all respondent's allocations and abatements, respondent alleges that $ 85,336.83 in underpayment interest remained unpaid. Respondent states that he subtracted this amount from the $ 238,847.24 overpayment that we determined, and he applied the $ 85,336.83 to assessed but unpaid interest pursuant Page 20 to section 6402. This resulted in the May 13, 2002, refund of $ 210,467.35, which consisted of $ 153,510.41 ($ 238,847.24 minus $ 85,336.83) plus interest on the $...

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