129 Mass. 268 (Mass. 1880), Holden v. Fitchburg Railroad Co.
|Citation:||129 Mass. 268|
|Opinion Judge:||Gray, C. J.|
|Party Name:||Henry C. Holden v. Fitchburg Railroad Company|
|Attorney:||F. P. Goulding, for the plaintiff. G. A. Torrey, (T. K. Ware with him,) for the defendant.|
|Judge Panel:||Gray, C. J. Ames & Soule, JJ., absent.|
|Case Date:||September 16, 1880|
|Court:||Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts|
Argued October 1, 1878
Worcester. Tort for personal injuries sustained by the plaintiff while in the employ of the defendant corporation as a brakeman.
At the trial in the Superior Court at November term 1877, before Wilkinson, J., the plaintiff offered to prove the following facts:
Prior to June 1876, a public street in Fitchburg had crossed the defendant's railroad by a bridge resting on stone abutments, the railroad at that point passing through a deep cut. In June 1876, upon the petition of the defendant and others, the city council of Fitchburg discontinued a part of this street, including the part which crossed the railroad, and also laid out and extended another public street on the southerly side of the railroad as a substitute for the discontinued portion of the old street. This action of the city council was taken upon an agreement with the defendant that the latter would do all the necessary work in constructing the extended street, and effecting the discontinuance of the old street, and would pay all damages caused by the extending and discontinuance. In pursuance of this agreement, the defendant employed workmen, and proceeded to execute the work, some of which was within and some without the located limits of the railroad. The object of the defendant was to widen its railroad at and near the crossing, and to lay additional tracks.
At the time of the plaintiff's injury the defendant was engaged in widening its railroad at a point where it was crossed by the old street in Fitchburg, for the purpose of laying additional tracks. In the execution of the work, the defendant's workmen had occasion to use a derrick owned and furnished to them by the defendant, for the purpose of removing the abutments of the bridge, and for building a supporting wall to the newly extended street, and for building other walls partly within and partly without the located limits of the railroad. At the time of the injury, a portion of the abutments of the bridge had been removed, leaving the bank, consisting of earth and stones, on the north side of the track, and in plain view thereof, overhanging and projecting, and of a height of about seventeen feet. Several days before the accident, the workmen, in pursuance of the work, had set up the derrick on the north side of the track about on a level therewith, within four or five feet of the overhanging bank and within the located limits of the railroad. One guy was stretched across the track to the south side and there fastened, being of sufficient height when the derrick was upright to clear the passing trains. The other guys were fastened on the north side. The derrick was carelessly and negligently set up, the guys not being taut, and it was placed dangerously near the overhanging bank. The plaintiff did not contend that the derrick was not suitable for the work for which it was designed.
The day before the injury was warm, and the bank thawed, and it was obvious to any one who looked at it that a large mass of the bank was loosened, and liable to fall upon the derrick. The derrick had remained in the manner and position above described for a fortnight or more, and for ten days at least before the injury had not been used. The weather had been alternately thawing and freezing during that time. On December 15, 1876, a short time before the train on which the plaintiff was at work came along, a great mass of the bank broke off and fell on to the derrick, breaking it and knocking it down, and bringing the guy stretching across the railroad down in such a position that, when the train came along, it tore off the smoke-stack of the engine and swept over the tops of the cars, striking the plaintiff and causing the injury complained of.
The defendant employed a road-master who had charge of that portion and other portions of the railroad, and the general charge and supervision of the repairs and maintenance of the road-bed and tracks; but he had no charge of the work of altering this street, or removing these stone abutments, or digging for the additional tracks, and the men who were doing that work were not under his control. Within ten days before the injury, he passed over the railroad frequently, and knew or had reasonable cause to know the situation of the bank and derrick.
The defendant contended that, if these facts were proved, there was no evidence of negligence on its part; and that the negligence, if any, was that of fellow-servants of the plaintiff. The judge reported the case, by consent of the parties, before verdict, for the determination of this court. If, upon the above offer of proof, the plaintiff was entitled to go to the jury, the case was to stand for trial; otherwise, judgment was to be entered for the defendant.
Case stand for trial.
It is well settled in this Commonwealth, and in Great Britain, that the rule of law, that a servant cannot maintain an action against his master for an injury caused by the fault or negligence of a fellow-servant, is not confined to the case of two servants working in company, or having opportunity to control or influence the conduct of each other, but extends to every case in which the two, deriving their authority and their compensation from the same source, are engaged in the same business, though in different departments of duty. Farwell v. Boston & Worcester Railroad, 4 Met. 49. Bartonshill Coal Co. v. Reid, 3 Macq. 266. Morgan v. Vale of Neath Railway, 5 B. & S. 570, 736, and...
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