134 F. 331 (3rd Cir. 1905), 52, Northern Securities Co. v. Harriman
|Citation:||134 F. 331|
|Party Name:||NORTHERN SECURITIES CO. v. HARRIMAN et al.|
|Case Date:||January 03, 1905|
|Court:||United States Courts of Appeals, Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit|
Elihu Root and John G. Johnson, for appellant.
D. T. Watson and Wm. D. Guthrie, for appellees.
Before ACHESON, DALLAS, and GRAY, Circuit Judges.
DALLAS, Circuit Judge.
This is an appeal by the Northern Securities Company from a decree of the Circuit Court for the District of New Jersey awarding a preliminary injunction, by which that company was restrained from disposing of 717,320 shares of the common stock of the Northern Pacific Railway Company. It appears from the opinion of the learned judge of the court below that in granting this injunction he was materially influenced by the consideration that the questions involved were, as he viewed them, serious and doubtful, and that a decision by him denying the injunction would, if made, not be reviewable upon appeal. We think that upon this ground he was justified
in requiring that the status quo should be preserved, and the subject-matter of the controversy be withheld from dissipation until the judgment of this court could be obtained. But now the substantial rights of the parties only need be considered, and whether the injunction should stand or be dissolved ought, in our judgment, to be determined upon the merits, and without further delay. Western Union Telegraph Company v. Pennsylvania Railroad Company, 123 F. 33-36, 59 C.C.A. 113. There have been cases, it is true, in which it has been held that, where the court of first instance has unreservedly exercised its discretion in granting or refusing a preliminary injunction, its action ought not to be interfered with by an appellate court, 'unless there is some strong reason for it. ' Massie v. Buck, 128 F. 31, 62 C.C.A. 535. But to the circumstances of this case those rulings are inapposite. Attentive reading of the opinion of the learned judge of the Circuit Court has satisfied us that he regarded the fact that an appeal would not lie from a denial of the injunction as 'of controlling importance,' and that his decision was made with the understanding that the defendant below would be entitled to invoke a complete adjudication of the entire controversy by this court; and we think that reason and justice demand that such an adjudication shall not be further postponed. The injunction complained of precludes the enjoyment of rights of ownership in property of great value. The facts upon which the propriety of upholding it depends are unquestionably disclosed in the record before us, and the principles by which the legality of the order awarding it must be tested are indubitable, and may be as readily applied now as at any time hereafter. The only substantial question is as to whether the decree below was accordant with law, and that question this court could not refuse to determine without, in effect, renouncing the appellate jurisdiction which Congress has expressly conferred upon it.
In November, 1901, the Northern Securities Company was incorporated under the laws of the state of New Jersey. Its total authorized capital stock was $400,000,000, divided into 4,000,000 shares of the par value of $100 each. The amount of the capital stock with which the corporation could commence business was fixed at $30,000. Its duration was to be perpetual, and its objects were certified to be, inter alia, as follows:
'(1) To acquire by purchase, subscription or otherwise, and to hold as investment, any bonds or other securities or evidences of indebtedness, or any shares of capital stock created or issued by any other corporation or corporations, association or associations, of the state of New Jersey or of any other state, territory or country.
'(2) To purchase, hold, sell, assign, transfer, mortgage, pledge, or otherwise dispose of, any bonds or other securities or evidences of indebtedness created or issued by any other corporation or corporations, association or associations, of the state of New Jersey, or of any other state, territory or country, and, while owner thereof, to exercise all the rights, powers and privileges of ownership.
'(3) To purchase, hold, sell, assign, transfer, mortgage, pledge or otherwise dispose of shares of the capital stock of any other corporation or corporations, association or associations, of the state of New Jersey, or of any other state, territory or country; and, while owner of such stock, to exercise all the rights, powers and privileges of ownership, including the right to vote thereon.'
The Securities Company was promptly organized in pursuance of its certificate of incorporation, from which the foregoing clauses have been extracted, and very shortly thereafter the associate stockholders of the Great Northern Railway Company transferred to the Securities Company a controlling interest in the capital stock of the Great Northern Railway Company upon an agreed basis of exchange of $180 par value of the capital stock of the Northern Securities Company for each share of the capital stock of the Great Northern Railway Company, and the associate stockholders of the Northern Pacific Railway Company assigned and transferred to the Northern Securities Company a majority of the capital stock of the Northern Pacific Railway Company upon an agreed basis of exchange of $115 par value of the capital stock of the Northern Securities Company for each share of the capital stock of the Northern Pacific Railway Company. For the stock of these railway companies, whether transferred as above stated, or subsequently acquired upon the same basis, and also for about $7,522,000 paid to it in cash, the Securities Company issued its stock certificates in the following form:
Authorized Capital Stock, $400,000,000.
No. -- . . . . -- Shares.
Northern Securities Company.
Incorporated and Registered Under the Laws of the State of New Jersey.
This Certifies that -- is the registered holder of -- Shares of the Capital stock of the Northern Securities Company of One hundred dollars each, transferable only on the books of the company by the holder hereof, in person or by duly authorized attorney, upon surrender of this certificate.
This certificate shall not become valid until countersigned by the transfer agent and also by the registrar of transfers.
In testimony whereof, the said company has caused this certificate to be signed by its President and Treasurer this -- day of --, A.D. 190-,
--, Treasurer. . . . --, President.
Countersigned this -- day of --, A.D. 190-.
--, Transfer agent.
Countersigned and Registered this -- day of --, A.D. 190-.
Manhattan Trust Company, Registrar of Transfers. By --, Secretary.
Shares, $100 each.
In March, 1902, a bill was exhibited by the United States, in the Circuit Court for the District of Minnesota, against the Northern Securities Company, the Northern Pacific Railway Company, the Great Northern Railway Company, James J. Hill, William P. Clough, D. Willis James, John S. Kennedy, J. Pierpont Morgan, Robert Bacon, George F. Baker, and Daniel Lamont. The object of this bill was to restrain the violation of the act of Congress of July 2, 1890, c. 647, Sec. 1, 26 Stat. 209 (U.S. Comp. St. 1901, p. 3200), entitled 'An act to protect trade and commerce against unlawful restrains and monopolies,' and the suit which it originated was so proceeded with that in April, 1903, the said Circuit Court adjudged and decreed:
'That the defendants above named have heretofore entered into a combination or conspiracy in restraint of trade and commerce among the several states, such as an act of Congress approved July 2, 1890, entitled 'An act to
protect trade and commerce against unlawful restraints and monopolies,' denounces as illegal; that all the stock of the Northern Pacific Railway Company and all the stock of the Great Northern Railway Company now claimed...
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