149 So. 227 (Ala. 1933), 6 Div. 392, Shaw v. Kinney

Docket Nº:6 Div. 392.
Citation:149 So. 227, 227 Ala. 170
Opinion Judge:THOMAS, Justice.
Party Name:SHAW et al. v. KINNEY.
Attorney:Wright & McAfee, of Decatur, for appellant. St. John & St. John, of Cullman, for appellee.
Judge Panel:ANDERSON, C.J., and BROWN and KNIGHT, JJ., concur.
Case Date:June 22, 1933
Court:Supreme Court of Alabama
 
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Page 227

149 So. 227 (Ala. 1933)

227 Ala. 170

SHAW et al.

v.

KINNEY.

6 Div. 392.

Supreme Court of Alabama

June 22, 1933

Appeal from Circuit Court, Cullman County; James E. Horton, Judge.

Action for destruction of a lien by E. C. Kinney against Mrs. G. V. Shaw and another. From a judgment for the plaintiff, defendants appeal.

Transferred from the Court of Appeals under section 7326, Code 1923.

Affirmed.

Wright & McAfee, of Decatur, for appellant.

St. John & St. John, of Cullman, for appellee.

THOMAS, Justice.

The appeal presents the question of the priority of two mortgages.

The cause was tried on an agreed statement of facts. The judgment was by the court without a jury.

The decisions, before the amendment of the statute (section 9008, Code), are to the effect that, where a mortgage is given on land and on a crop grown during the year in which such mortgage was executed and each successive year thereafter, until that indebtedness is paid, the legal title was conveyed for the year the mortgage was executed and an equitable lien on the crops grown on such land during subsequent years, which lien may be enforced by an action on the case. Clemmons, Powers & Co. v. Metcalf, 171 Ala. 101, 54 So. 208; Truss et al., Executors, v. Harvey, 120 Ala. 636, 24 So. 927; Leslie v. Hinson, 83 Ala. 268, 3 So. 443; Whaley v. Bright, 189 Ala. 135, 66 So. 644; Sellers & Orum Co. v. Hardaway, 188 Ala. 388, 66 So. 460; In W. B. Smith & Sons v. Gay, 21 Ala. App. 130, 106 So. 214, the change in the present Code and statute is adverted to by Judge Samford. White v. Kinney, 211 Ala. 624, 101 So. 426. See, also, First Nat. Bank of Stevenson v. Crawford (Ala. Sup.) 149 So. 228.

The change in section 9008 of the Code employed the words: "* * * All mortgages of crops to be grown in the year subsequent to the year in which the debt secured by the mortgage matures, and all contracts to execute such mortgage shall be absolutely null and void." (Italics supplied). Herren v. Burns, 217 Ala. 692, 117 So. 417. The act will be construed as a whole to obtain the legislative intent thereof.

Under the common law a mortgage executed on an unplanted crop to be grown on land in which the mortgagor had a present interest at the time of its execution vested in the mortgagee only an equitable title to the crops subsequently planted and...

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