159 A.2d 160 (N.H. 1960), Wyman v. Uphaus

Citation:159 A.2d 160, 102 N.H. 461
Opinion Judge:WHEELER, J.
Party Name:Louis C. WYMAN, Attorney General, v. Willard UPHAUS.
Attorney:Louis C. Wyman, Atty. Gen., pro se., Nighswander, Lord & Bownes and Hugh H. Bownes, Laconia, and Royal W. France, New York City, for defendant., James C. Cleveland, New London, and Howard S. Whiteside, Boston, Mass., for Hugo DeGregory, amicus curiae. Louis C. Wyman, Attorney General (by brief a...
Judge Panel:All concurred.
Case Date:March 31, 1960
Court:Supreme Court of New Hampshire
 
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Page 160

159 A.2d 160 (N.H. 1960)

102 N.H. 461

Louis C. WYMAN, Attorney General,

v.

Willard UPHAUS.

Supreme Court of New Hampshire.

March 31, 1960

Page 161

Argued March 1, 1960.

[102 N.H. 462] Louis C. Wyman, Atty. Gen., pro se.

Nighswander, Lord & Bownes and Hugh H. Bownes, Laconia, and Royal W. France, New York City, for defendant.

James C. Cleveland, New London, and Howard S. Whiteside, Boston, Mass., for Hugo DeGregory, amicus curiae.

WHEELER, Justice.

The chief contention of the defendant is that the Superior Court was without jurisdiction to find him in contempt because the statute authorizing the investigation expired on June 30, 1957, by express provision of chapter 197, Laws 1955.

In determining the validity of this argument it is necessary to examine the legislative history in the field of subversive activities in order to ascertain the legislative intent with respect to investigations by the Attorney General.

In 1951 the Legislature enacted 'An Act Relative To Subversive Activities,' taking cognizance of a 'World Communist movement under the domination of a foreign power' which by its methods including 'treachery [and] deceit, [infiltrates] into governmental and other institutions.' Laws 1951, c. 193 (now RSA ch. 588).

In 1953 the Legislature adopted a joint resolution authorizing and directing the Attorney General 'to make full and complete investigation with respect to violations of the subversive activities act of 1951 and to determine whether subversive persons as defined in said act are presently located within this state.' Laws 1953, c. 307. This investigation was further extended on two occasions, the last enactment continuing it to June 30, 1957. Laws 1955, c. 197, and c. 340.

[102 N.H. 463] In 1957 the Legislature amended the original act of 1951 by enacting chapter 178, 'An act relative to investigation of subversive activities,' which among other changes inserted after RSA 588:8 the following new section: '588:8-a Attorney General. At any time when the attorney general has information which he deems reasonable or reliable relating to violations of the provisions of this chapter he shall make full and complete investigation thereof and shall report to the general court the results of this investigation, together with his recommendations, if any, for legislation. In any investigation hereunder the attorney...

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