176 F.3d 1087 (8th Cir. 1999), 98-4031, Trobaugh v. Hall

Docket Nº:98-4031.
Citation:176 F.3d 1087
Party Name:Charles A. TROBAUGH, Appellant, v. Sergeant HALL, sued as Sargeant Hall, Linn Co. Deputy; Michael Carr, sued as Mr. Carr, Jail Administrator, Appellees.
Case Date:May 13, 1999
Court:United States Courts of Appeals, Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit
 
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Page 1087

176 F.3d 1087 (8th Cir. 1999)

Charles A. TROBAUGH, Appellant,

v.

Sergeant HALL, sued as Sargeant Hall, Linn Co. Deputy;

Michael Carr, sued as Mr. Carr, Jail

Administrator, Appellees.

No. 98-4031.

United States Court of Appeals, Eighth Circuit

May 13, 1999

Submitted April 5, 1999.

Page 1088

Charles A. Trobaugh, Appellant pro se.

Todd D. Tripp, Cedar Rapids, Iowa, for Appellees.

Before: WOLLMAN, Chief Judge, RICHARD S. ARNOLD and BEAM, Circuit Judges.

RICHARD S. ARNOLD, Circuit Judge.

Charles A. Trobaugh appeals the District Court's order, awarding $1 nominal damages against Linn County, Iowa, Deputy Harvey Hall and granting summary judgment to Linn County Correctional Center (LCCC) Administrator Michael Carr, in Trobaugh's 42 U.S.C. § 1983 action. For the reasons stated below, we reverse and remand in part, and affirm in part.

While detained at LCCC, Trobaugh filed a grievance to contest Hall's transporting him to court early; Hall denied Trobaugh's grievance. Trobaugh filed a second grievance, seeking to appeal Hall's decision; Hall responded and denied this grievance as well. Trobaugh filed a third grievance to contest the apparent lack of an appeal process; Hall also denied this grievance. The next day, two LCCC deputies awakened Trobaugh at 12:30 a.m. and escorted him to an isolation cell. Hall soon visited Trobaugh, informed him that he had been placed in administrative segregation for filing repeat grievances, and stated that Carr would be told why Trobaugh was in segregation. Trobaugh remained in segregation for three days; he did not file subsequent grievances because he feared further retaliation. Trobaugh requested compensatory and punitive damages, as well as damages for emotional pain and suffering and for time spent in segregation. Hall conceded that his conduct violated Trobaugh's First Amendment right to petition for the redress of grievances. Carr denied liability and moved for summary judgment. The District Court granted summary judgment to Carr, finding insufficient evidence of Carr's involvement in Trobaugh's segregation, and after a trial on the issue of damages, awarded $1 in nominal damages to Trobaugh for Hall's unconstitutional conduct.

We review a District Court's damage award in a section 1983 action for abuse of discretion, and if the award is arbitrary, we will remand for recalculation. See...

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