199 F.3d 710 (4th Cir. 1999), 98-2225, Caldwell v. Collins Enetertainment Co.

Docket Nº:98-2225 No. 99-1601 No. 99-1709 (CA-97-2136-3-17).
Citation:199 F.3d 710
Party Name:JOAN CALDWELL JOHNSON; LORRAINE WITHERSPOON BAKER; DANNY KAY SMITH; SARA EDELL BOAN; DEANNA KAY FRANS; DARRYL BERNARD EPPS; ANDREW Page 711 NOBLES; JOSEPH CHESTER WALKER; WILLIAM JOSEPH HARNETT, JR.; BRUCE ANDERSON; WILLIAM BELL; FAYE BLAYLOCK; MIKE BREWER; MIKE BROWN; RONALD CALLAHAN; SANDRA COULTER; LISA CRUM; ANDREAS DRUTIS; CRYSTAL GAYLE EDWA
Case Date:December 27, 1999
Court:United States Courts of Appeals, Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit
 
FREE EXCERPT

Page 710

199 F.3d 710 (4th Cir. 1999)

JOAN CALDWELL JOHNSON; LORRAINE WITHERSPOON BAKER; DANNY KAY SMITH; SARA EDELL BOAN; DEANNA KAY FRANS; DARRYL BERNARD EPPS; ANDREW

Page 711

NOBLES; JOSEPH CHESTER WALKER; WILLIAM JOSEPH HARNETT, JR.; BRUCE ANDERSON; WILLIAM BELL; FAYE BLAYLOCK; MIKE BREWER; MIKE BROWN; RONALD CALLAHAN; SANDRA COULTER; LISA CRUM; ANDREAS DRUTIS; CRYSTAL GAYLE EDWARDS; BUSTER ELFIN FLOYD; GEORGE HENLEY; LORETTA JONES; MARGARET LOCKLEAR; TAMMY LOCKLEAR; LINDA MCCLEOD; WILLIAM MCCORMICK; HUGH MEISE; PATTY MILLER; GARY PADGETT; MARY PINCHBACK; VARDRY PITTMAN; ALBERT J. SAMRA; MASON SKEENES; JIM STOLZ; AMBER STRICKLAND; CHARLES STUBBS; LONYA THIGPEN; JAMES THOMPSON; JESSIE WILLIAMS; VALERIE WILLIAMS, and on behalf of themselves and all others similarly situated; STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA; ex rel., CHARLES M. CONDON, in his official capacity as Attorney General, Plaintiffs-Appellees,

v.

COLLINS ENTERTAINMENT COMPANY, INCORPORATED; AMERICAN AMUSEMENT COMPANY, INCORPORATED; AMERICAN AMUSEMENT OF AIKEN, INCORPORATED; JOYTIME DISTRIBUTORS & AMUSEMENT, INCORPORATED; RED DOT AMUSEMENTS; CBA GAMES, INCORPORATED; BEST AMUSEMENT COMPANY; GREENWOOD MUSIC COMPANY, INCORPORATED; ACE AMUSEMENT, LLC; B&J AMUSEMENT; BROYLES & LUTZ, INCORPORATED; CAROUSEL AMUSEMENTS; COLEY, INCORPORATED; DREW INDUSTRIES; FAST FREDDIES; GREAT GAMES, INCORPORATED; H&JOF SOUTH CAROLINA, INCORPORATED; HOLLIDAY AMUSEMENT COMPANY OF CHARLESTON, INCORPORATED; HOYTS MUSIC COMPANY, INCORPORATED; HUCKLEBERRY AMUSEMENT, INCORPORATED; INGRAM INVESTMENTS; J. M. BROWN AMUSEMENT COMPANY, INCORPORATED; LARRY WOLFE AMUSEMENT; MHJ CORPORATION; MHS ENTERPRISES, INCORPORATED; MARTIN COIN MACHINE, INCORPORATED; MCDONALD MUSEMENT COMPANY; MIDLANDS GAMING CORPORATION; ORANGEBURG AMUSEMENT, INCORPORATED; PEDROLAND, INCORPORATED; R. L. JORDAN OIL COMPANY OF NORTH CAROLINA; ROSEMARY COIN MACHINES OF FLORENCE, INCORPORATED; SCOTT'S VENDING INCORPORATED OF COLUMBIA; SUMTER PETROLEUM COMPANY; TIM'S AMUSEMENT, INCORPORATED; VIDEO-MATIC AMUSEMENTS, INCORPORATED; H. HUGH ANDREWS, II; PAMELA A. ANDREWS; DWAYNE I. BOHANNON; J. M. BROWN; DON E. BROYLES; GRACE E. COLEY; FRED COLLINS; J. SAMUEL COX; KENNETH G. FLOWE; CAREY HARDEE; SCOTT G. HOGUE; LOWELL E. HOLDEN; PATRICIA HOLLIDAY; WARREN P. HOLLIDAY; HENRY E. INGRAM; STEVEN E. LIPSCOMB; TIM MAHON; JIMMY MARTIN, JR.; CYNTHIA MCDONALD; JAMES MCDONALD; ALLAN SCHAEFER; DAVID R. SIMPSON; RON SPENCER; MICKEY H. STACKS; WILLIAM DARWIN WHEELER; HERSHEL L. WILLIAMSON; A. J. WILSON, JR., in their individual and corporate capacities as representatives of all others similarly situated, Defendants-Appellants.

JOAN CALDWELL JOHNSON; LORRAINE WITHERSPOON BAKER; DANNY KAY SMITH; SARA EDELL BOAN; DEANNA KAY FRANS; DARRYL BERNARD EPPS; ANDREW NOBLES; JOSEPH CHESTER WALKER; WILLIAM JOSEPH HARNETT, JR.; BRUCE ANDERSON; WILLIAM BELL; FAYE BLAYLOCK; MIKE BREWER; MIKE BROWN; RONALD CALLAHAN; SANDRA COULTER; LISA CRUM; ANDREAS DRUTIS; CRYSTAL GAYLE EDWARDS; BUSTER ELFIN FLOYD; GEORGE HENLEY; LORETTA JONES; MARGARET LOCKLEAR; TAMMY LOCKLEAR; LINDA MCCLEOD; WILLIAM MCCORMICK; HUGH MEISE; PATTY MILLER; GARY PADGETT; MARY PINCHBACK; VARDRY PITTMAN; ALBERT J. SAMRA; MASON SKEENES; JIM STOLZ; AMBER STRICKLAND; CHARLES STUBBS; LONYA THIGPEN; JAMES THOMPSON; JESSIE WILLIAMS; VALERIE WILLIAMS, and on behalf of themselves and all others similarly situated; STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA; ex rel., CHARLES M. CONDON, in his official capacity as Attorney General, Plaintiffs-Appellees,

Page 712

STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA; ex rel., CHARLES M. CONDON, in his official capacity as Attorney General, Plaintiffs,

v.

COLLINS ENTERTAINMENT CORPORATION; FRED COLLINS, Defendants-Appellants,

AMERICAN MUSEMENT COMPANY, INCORPORATED; AMERICAN AMUSEMENT OF AIKEN, INCORPORATED; JOYTIME DISTRIBUTORS & AMUSEMENT, INCORPORATED; RED DOT AMUSEMENTS; CBA GAMES, INCORPORATED; BEST AMUSEMENT COMPANY; GREENWOOD MUSIC COMPANY, INCORPORATED; ACE AMUSEMENT, LLC; B&J AMUSEMENT; BROYLES & LUTZ, INCORPORATED; CAROUSEL AMUSEMENTS; COLEY, INCORPORATED; DREW INDUSTRIES; FAST FREDDIES; GREAT GAMES, INCORPORATED; H&JOF SOUTH CAROLINA, INCORPORATED; HOLLIDAY AMUSEMENT COMPANY OF CHARLESTON, INCORPORATED; HOYTS MUSIC COMPANY, INCORPORATED; HUCKLEBERRY AMUSEMENT, INCORPORATED; INGRAM INVESTMENTS; J. M. BROWN AMUSEMENT COMPANY, INCORPORATED; LARRY WOLFE AMUSEMENT; MHJ CORPORATION; MHS ENTERPRISES, INCORPORATED; MARTIN COIN MACHINE, INCORPORATED; MCDONALD AMUSEMENT COMPANY; MIDLANDS GAMING CORPORATION; ORANGEBURG AMUSEMENT, INCORPORATED; PEDROLAND, INCORPORATED; R. L. JORDAN OIL COMPANY OF NORTH CAROLINA; ROSEMARY COIN MACHINES OF FLORENCE, INCORPORATED; SCOTT'S VENDING INCORPORATED OF COLUMBIA; SUMTER PETROLEUM COMPANY; TIM'S AMUSEMENT, INCORPORATED; VIDEO-MATIC AMUSEMENTS, INCORPORATED; H. HUGH ANDREWS, II; PAMELA A. ANDREWS; DWAYNE I. BOHANNON; J. M. BROWN; DON E. BROYLES; GRACE E. COLEY; FRED COLLINS; J. SAMUEL COX; KENNETH G. FLOWE; CAREY HARDEE; SCOTT G. HOGUE; LOWELL E. HOLDEN; PATRICIA HOLLIDAY; WARREN P. HOLLIDAY; HENRY E. INGRAM; STEVEN E. LIPSCOMB; TIM MAHON; JIMMY MARTIN, JR.; CYNTHIA MCDONALD; JAMES MCDONALD; ALLAN SCHAEFER; DAVID R. SIMPSON; RON SPENCER; MICKEY H. STACKS; WILLIAM DARWIN WHEELER; HERSHEL L. WILLIAMSON; A. J. WILSON, JR., in their individual and corporate capacities as representatives of all others similarly situated, Defendants,

SOUTH CAROLINA DEPARTMENT OF REVENUE, Movant.

JOAN CALDWELL JOHNSON; LORRAINE WITHERSPOON BAKER; DANNY KAY SMITH; SARA EDELL BOAN; DEANNA KAY FRANS; DARRYL BERNARD EPPS; ANDREW NOBLES; JOSEPH CHESTER WALKER; WILLIAM JOSEPH HARNETT, JR.; BRUCE ANDERSON; WILLIAM BELL; FAYE BLAYLOCK; MIKE BREWER; MIKE BROWN; RONALD CALLAHAN; SANDRACOULTER; LISA CRUM; ANDREAS DRUTIS; BUSTER ELFIN FLOYD; GEORGE HENLEY; LORETTA JONES; MARGARET LOCKLEAR; TAMMY LOCKLEAR; LINDA MCCLEOD; WILLIAM MCCORMICK; HUGH MEISE; PATTY MILLER; GARY PADGETT; MARY PINCHBACK; VARDRY PITTMAN; ALBERT J. SAMRA; MASON SKEENES; AMBER STRICKLAND; CHARLES STUBBS; LONYA THIGPEN; JAMES THOMPSON; JESSIE WILLIAMS; VALERIE WILLIAMS, and on behalf of themselves and all others similarly situated, Plaintiffs-Appellees,

CRYSTAL GAYLE EDWARDS; JIM STOLZ; STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA; ex rel., CHARLES M. CONDON, in his official capacity as Attorney General, Plaintiffs,

v.

PEDROLAND, INCORPORATED; INGRAM INVESTMENTS, INCORPORATED; MHS ENTERPRISES, INCORPORATED; R. L. JORDAN OIL COMPANY OF NORTH CAROLINA, INCORPORATED;

Page 713

HENRY E. INGRAM and MICKEY H. STACKS, Defendants-Appellants,

and

COLLINS ENTERTAINMENT CORPORATION; AMERICAN AMUSEMENT COMPANY, INCORPORATED; AMERICAN AMUSEMENT OF AIKEN, INCORPORATED; JOYTIME DISTRIBUTORS & AMUSEMENT, INCORPORATED; RED DOT MUSEMENTS;CBA GAMES, INCORPORATED; BEST AMUSEMENT COMPANY; GREENWOOD MUSIC COMPANY, INCORPORATED; ACE AMUSEMENT, LLC; B&J AMUSEMENT; BROYLES & LUTZ, INCORPORATED; CAROUSEL AMUSEMENTS; COLEY, INCORPORATED; DREW INDUSTRIES; FAST FREDDIES; GREAT GAMES, INCORPORATED; H&JOF SOUTH CAROLINA, INCORPORATED; HOLLIDAY AMUSEMENT COMPANY OF CHARLESTON, INCORPORATED; HOYTS MUSIC COMPANY, INCORPORATED; HUCKLEBERRY AMUSEMENT, INCORPORATED; J. M. BROWN AMUSEMENT COMPANY, INCORPORATED; LARRY WOLFE AMUSEMENT; MHJ CORPORATION; MARTIN COIN MACHINE, INCORPORATED; MCDONALD AMUSEMENT COMPANY; MIDLANDS GAMING CORPORATION; ORANGEBURG AMUSEMENT, INCORPORATED; ROSEMARY COIN MACHINES OF FLORENCE, INCORPORATED; SCOTT'S VENDING INCORPORATED OF COLUMBIA; SUMTER PETROLEUM COMPANY; TIM'S AMUSEMENT, INCORPORATED; VIDEO-MATIC AMUSEMENTS, INCORPORATED; H. HUGH ANDREWS, II; PAMELA A. ANDREWS; DWAYNE I. BOHANNON; J. M. BROWN; DON E. BROYLES; GRACE E. COLEY; FRED COLLINS; J. SAMUEL COX; KENNETH G. FLOWE; CAREY HARDEE; SCOTT G. HOGUE; LOWELL E. HOLDEN; PATRICIA HOLLIDAY; WARREN E. HOLLIDAY; STEVEN E. LIPSCOMB; TIM MAHON; JIMMY MARTIN, JR.; CYNTHIA MCDONALD; JAMES MCDONALD; ALLAN SCHAEFER; DAVID R. SIMPSON; RON SPENCER; WILLIAM DARWIN WHEELER; HERSCHEL L. WILLIAMSON; A. J. WILSON, JR., in their individual and corporate capacities and in their capacities as representatives of all others similarly situated, Defendants,

and

SOUTH CAROLINA DEPARTMENT OF REVENUE, Movant.

No. 98-2225 No. 99-1601 No. 99-1709 (CA-97-2136-3-17).

United States Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit

December 27, 1999

Argued: September 22, 1999.

Appeals from the United States District Court for the District of South Carolina, at Columbia.

Joseph F. Anderson, Jr., District Judge.

Page 714

COUNSEL ARGUED: Dwight Franklin Drake, NELSON, MULLINS, RILEY & SCARBOROUGH, L.L.P., Columbia, South Carolina, for Appellants. William Allen Nickles, III, GERGEL, NICKLES & SOLOMON, P.A., Columbia, South Carolina, for Appellees. ON BRIEF: A. Camden Lewis, LEWIS, BABCOCK & HAWKINS, L.L.P., Columbia, South Carolina, for Appellants Ace Amusement, et al.; Richard A. Harpootlian, Columbia, South Carolina, for Appellants Coley, et al.; David E. Belding, Columbia, South Carolina, for Appellants MHS Enterprises and Stacks; J. Brent Kiker, KIKER & DOUDS, Beaufort, South Carolina, for Appellants Ingram Investments and Ingram; Matthew A. Henderson, HENDERSON, BRANDT & VIETH, Spartanburg, South Carolina, for Appellant Jordan Oil; J. Boone Aiken, III, AIKEN, NUNN, ELLIOTT & TYLER, Florence, South Carolina; James B. Richardson, Jr., RICHARDSON & BIRDSONG, Columbia, South Carolina, for Appellant Pedroland; O. W. Bannister, James W. Bannister, HILL, WYATT & BANNISTER, Greenville, South Carolina; Russell D. Ghent, LEATHERWOOD, WALKER, TODD &MANN, Greenville, South Carolina, for Appellants Collins Amusement and Collins. Richard M. Gergel, Carl L. Solomon, David E. Rothstein, GERGEL, NICKLES & SOLOMON, P.A., Columbia, South Carolina; Lawrence E. Richter, Jr., Saul Gliserman, David K. Haller, THE RICHTER FIRM, P.A., Mount Pleasant, South Carolina; R. Randall Bridwell, Columbia, South Carolina; Richard K. Walker, STREICH LANG,...

To continue reading

FREE SIGN UP