268 F.3d 1376 (Fed. Cir. 2001), 00-1521, Shakeproof Assembly Components v. United States

Docket Nº:00-1521
Citation:268 F.3d 1376
Case Date:October 12, 2001
Court:United States Courts of Appeals, Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit

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268 F.3d 1376 (Fed. Cir. 2001)



UNITED STATES, Defendant-Appellee.


United States Court of Appeals, Federal Circuit

October 12, 2001

Appealed from: United States Court of International Trade Judge Judith M. Barzilay

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Stephen M. Creskoff, Creskoff & Doram LLP, of Washington, DC, argued for plaintiff-appellant. Of counsel was Lisa E. Smilan.

Lucius B. Lau, Attorney, Commercial Litigation Branch, Civil Division, Department of Justice, of Washington, DC, argued for defendant-appellee. With him on the brief was David M. Cohen, Director. Of counsel were Robert E. Nielsen, John D. McInerney, and Berniece A. Browne, Attorneys, Department of Commerce, of Washington, DC.

Before CLEVENGER, SCHALL, and GAJARSA, Circuit Judges.

GAJARSA, Circuit Judge.

This case involves the appeal of the decision of the United States Court of International Trade that sustained the final antidumping determination issued by the United States Department of Commerce International Trade Administration ("Commerce"). Shakeproof Assembly Components v. United States, 102 F.Supp.2d 486 (Ct. Int'l Trade 2000) ("Shakeproof II"). On November 19, 1997, Commerce issued its final determination regarding "Certain Helical Spring Lock Washers from the People's Republic of China." See Final Results of Antidumping Duty Administrative Review, 62 Fed. Reg. 61794-801 (Nov. 19, 1997) ("Final Determination"). The antidumping determination encompasses Helical Spring Lock Washers ("Washers") imported from Chinese manufacturer Zhejian Wanxin Group, Ltd. ("ZWG") between October 1, 1995 and September 30, 1996. Commerce ultimately assigned an antidumping margin of 14.15% on Washers imported from ZWG during the period of review. Shakeproof Assembly Components ("Shakeproof"), a United States manufacturer of Washers, challenges the methodology used by Commerce in its final determination. Shakeproof

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argues that the antidumping margin should instead be approximately 38%, based on its asserted normal value of the steel wire rod ("steel") used to manufacture the Washers.1

For the reasons discussed below, we affirm.


On November 19, 1997, Commerce issued its Final Determination in this case. 62 Fed. Reg. 61794-801 (Nov. 19, 1997). Shakeproof challenged the determination before the United States Court of International Trade, and disputed the methodology by which Commerce calculated the value of the steel used to manufacture the Washers. Shakeproof argued that it was improper for Commerce to determine the value of the steel based on the price paid for steel imported by ZWG from the United Kingdom. Specifically, ZWG purchased approximately one-third (34.7%) of its steel from the United Kingdom, and the remaining two-thirds (65.3%) from domestic Chinese producers. Commerce established the normal value of 100% of the steel based on the import price of the steel purchased from the United Kingdom. Shakeproof argued that the normal value of the domestically purchased Chinese steel should instead be determined based on the "factors of production" using India as a surrogate country pursuant to 19 U.S.C. § 1677b(c) (1994).

On July 29, 1999, the United States Court of International Trade remanded the case in order for Commerce to further explain "how its use of import prices to value the entire factor of production for steel wire rod promoted accuracy, including but not limited to how it was more accurate than the use of the surrogate value." Shakeproof Assembly Components v. United States, 59 F.Supp.2d 1354, 1360-61 (Ct. Int'l Trade 1999) ("Shakeproof I"). The trial court reasoned that "[w]hether Commerce's use of imported prices to value an entire factor of production is reasonable is inextricably linked to whether the methodology promotes accuracy." Id. at 1358 (citing Lasko Metal Prods., Inc. v. United States, 43 F.3d 1442, 1445 (Fed. Cir. 1994)).

On September 27, 1999, Commerce responded to the trial court's remand order by issuing an additional explanation, entitled Final Results of Redetermination on Remand ("Remand Determination"). The Remand Determination stated:

The purpose of the factors of production methodology is to determine what [normal value] would be if the producer's costs were set by the market forces in a comparable economy. Because the import price is an actual market price paid by the [non-market economy] producer it provides a more accurate value than other potential surrogates. Therefore, the actual price paid for the imports constitutes the best available information for valuing this factor.

Commerce explained that, "the actual price paid for inputs imported from a market economy in meaningful quantities is the best available information and promotes accuracy in the dumping calculation." Commerce further stated that it would find imports "meaningful" if it could "reasonably conclude from the quantities

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sold, and other aspects of the transactions, that the price paid is a reliable market economy value for the input." Commerce indicated that, in the present case, ZWG purchased 65.3% of the steel from seven domestic Chinese suppliers, and imported 34.7% of the steel from the United Kingdom. Commerce also noted that the amount imported from the United Kingdom "exceeded the amounts purchased from any one of the seven" domestic Chinese suppliers...

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