284 F.2d 224 (D.C. Cir. 1960), 15489, Outland v. C. A. B.

Docket Nº15489.
Citation284 F.2d 224
Party NameTruman OUTLAND et al., Petitioners v. CIVIL AERONAUTICS BOARD, Respondent Delta Airlines, Inc., Air Line Pilots Association, International, Intervenors.
Case DateOctober 27, 1960
CourtUnited States Courts of Appeals, United States Court of Appeals (District of Columbia)

Page 224

284 F.2d 224 (D.C. Cir. 1960)

Truman OUTLAND et al., Petitioners

v.

CIVIL AERONAUTICS BOARD, Respondent Delta Airlines, Inc., Air Line Pilots Association, International, Intervenors.

No. 15489.

United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit.

October 27, 1960

Argued Sept. 13, 1960.

Page 225

Mr. Philip F. Herrick, Washington, D.C., with whom Messrs. Merrill Armour and John B. Kneipple, Washington, D.C., were on the brief, for petitioners.

Mr. Robert L. Toomey, Attorney, Civil Aeronautics Board, for respondent. Messrs. Franklin M. Stone, General Counsel, Civil Aeronautics Board, John H. Wanner, Deputy General Counsel, Civil Aeronautics Board, O. D. Ozment, Associate General Counsel, Civil Aeronautics Board, Abbott A. Leban, Attorney, Civil Aeronautics Board, and Richard A. Solomon, Attorney, Department of Justice, were on the brief, for respondent.

Mr. R. Emmett Kerrigan, and Mr. Bernard Marcus, of Deutsch, Kerrigan and Styles, New Orleans, La., Mr. Richard S. Maurer, Atlanta, Ga., with whom Messrs. Frank F. Rox and James W. Callison, Atlanta, Ga., were on the brief, for intervenor Delta Airlines, Inc. Mr. Joseph J. O'Connell, of Chapman, Walsh & O'Connell, Washington, D.C., also entered an appearance for intervenor Delta Airlines, Inc.

Messrs. Stanley B. Frosh, Washington, D.C., and F. Harold Bennett, Chicago, Ill., were on the brief for intervenor Air Line Pilots Association, International.

Before WASHINGTON, BASTIAN and BURGER, Circuit Judges.

BURGER, Circuit Judge.

Petitioners, who are pilots now employed by Delta Airlines, seek review of an order of the Civil Aeronautics Board dated August 31, 1959, which dismissed without hearing petition 'for Revision of and Protest Against Integrated Seniority List of Delta-C & S Air Lines, Inc.' and of a later order dated November 2, 1959, denying reconsideration.

Pursuant to the Board's directive, the 177 pilots of C. & S. designated two representatives and the 294 pilots of Delta designated two representatives to negotiate a revised and integrated seniority list following union procedures of Air Line Pilots Association of which all the pilots were members. It should be noted that this was equal rather than proportional representation in the bargaining process. ALPA was the sole collective bargaining agent of the pilots of each of these airlines under contracts then in force.

The 'Integrated Seniority List' is one of the incidents of the 1953 merger of Delta Airlines with Chicago and Southern Air Lines, Inc. Upon approval of this merger the Board directed integration of the employee seniority lists 'in a fair and equitable manner, including * * * agreement through collective bargaining * * *.' Additionally a 'displacement allowance' was ordered to prevent reduction in wages of any employees resulting from the negotiated revision and integration of the surviving airline's seniority list. The Board retained jurisdiction to make 'such amendments and modifications * * * as circumstances may require.' 1

The two Delta pilot representatives and the two C. & S. pilot representatives negotiated and ultimately agreed upon an integrated seniority list. This was in turn approved by the Master Executive Councils 2 of the Delta and C. & S. ALPA

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locals, and served on all interested persons. Procedures were agreed upon for individual protests to be considered by a Seniority Board of the four pilot representatives and a fifth member selected by the National Mediation Board. Subject to such changes as might be made under the protest procedures, the list was declared to be binding on all pilots and on the ALPA, the latter being designated to 'negotiate said integrated List into a single employment agreement with the surviving merged carrier.'

Individual protests were filed by 141 pilots, about one-third of them directed to alleged improper listing within the framework of the agreement and two-thirds to the basic manner in which the list was compiled.

During consideration of the protests the Seniority Board recessed to allow the groups to reconcile the asserted differences on the list. This failed to produce agreement and the Seniority Board reconvened and dismissed all the protests. The four pilot representatives agreed to dismiss the protests for the stated reason that any attempt to make changes would in all likelihood create more injustices. The neutral Mediation Board representative reached the same conclusion on different grounds; he regarded most of the protests as not within the scope of the initial agreement and the others as without merit. The 141 individual protestants were not allowed to present evidence or oral arguments; the Board's order did not require formalized hearings and the Seniority Board agreement did not so require. Subsequently the integrated seniority list was incorporated into the regular contract between ALPA and Delta; since 1953 that list has been incorporated in three collective bargaining contracts. Meanwhile, although the collective bargaining contracts contained grievance procedures, neither the union nor any pilot has asserted a claim under that procedure challenging seniority standing. No pilot has made any claim for the 'displacement allowance' provided by the Board to compensate employees for wage reduction or loss due to the merger.

In May 1958, five years after the integration of the list was accomplished, the petitioners filed with the Civil Aeronautics Board a petition to vacate the list and establish a revised list based solely on 'length of service.' The Seniority Board's procedures were also challenged with respect to its action in denying requests of 54 pilots to appear in person and by counsel on their protests.

The Board dismissed the petition to revise the integrated seniority list holding that absent a claim of bad faith or failure to negotiate on the question of integration, it would not disturb the result reached. After dismissal of the petition by the Board, a petition for rehearing was filed; this was denied November 2, 1959. The petition seeking review here was filed December 28,...

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