286 F.3d 790 (5th Cir. 2002), 01-10219, Harris v. Parker College of Chiropractic
|Citation:||286 F.3d 790|
|Party Name:||Harris v. Parker College of Chiropractic|
|Case Date:||March 25, 2002|
|Court:||United States Courts of Appeals, Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit|
Steven B. Thorpe (argued), Thorpe, Hatcher & Washington, Dallas, TX, for Plaintiffs-Appellees.
Michael Prospero Maslanka (argued), Theresa M. Gegen, Andrews & Kurth Mayor, Day, Caldwell & Keeton, Dallas, TX, for Defendant-Appellant.
Appeal from the United States District Court for the Northern District of Texas.
Before EMILIO M. GARZA, BENAVIDES and STEWART, Circuit Judges.
BENAVIDES, Circuit Judge:
The defendant-appellant, Parker College of Chiropractic ("Parker"), appeals the district court's final judgment, which confirms and adopts the arbitrator's award in favor of the plaintiffs-appellees for violations of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act and the Texas Commission on Human Rights Act.
FACTUAL AND PROCEDURAL BACKGROUND
The plaintiffs-appellees, Bertha A. Harris ("Harris"), Barrie E. Kiger-Nogy ("Kiger-Nogy"), and Lee M. Shaffer ("Shaffer") were employees of the defendant-appellant, Parker. Shaffer was an instructor and one of three department heads within the Center for Chiropractic Sciences at Parker. Harris was the office manager for the Post-Graduate Department at Parker, and Kiger-Nogy worked under the direct supervision of Harris.
In January 1999, Leander Eckard ("Eckard") took charge of the Post-Graduate Department at Parker, becoming Harris' direct supervisor. Starting at that time, and until Eckard voluntarily left the
department in April 1999, Harris and Kiger-Nogy allege that Eckard created a sexually and racially hostile environment. In addition, Harris and Kiger-Nogy allege that despite numerous complaints about Eckard's conduct, Parker failed to correct the situation. Harris and Kiger-Nogy eventually resigned. Shaffer, who witnessed Eckard's allegedly harassing behavior, assisted Harris and Kiger-Nogy in their complaints. Shortly after assisting them, Shaffer was informed that his yearly contract to work at Parker had expired and, for the first time in ten years, would not be renewed.
The plaintiffs-appellees filed suit in Texas state court, alleging that Eckard had created and maintained a racially and sexually hostile environment in the workplace, that they had repeatedly reported Eckard's conduct to the administration of Parker without satisfactory results, that Shaffer was terminated from his employment in retaliation because he assisted Harris and Kiger-Nogy in their complaints, and that Harris and Kiger-Nogy were constructively discharged by Parker.
The suit was removed to federal court and later submitted to arbitration under the Texas Arbitration Act, in accordance with an arbitration agreement between Parker and the plaintiffs-appellees. The arbitrator rendered a decision in favor of the plaintiffs-appellees, awarding them damages for lost wages and benefits, and mental anguish, as well as punitive damages. Claims by a fourth plaintiff, Dana Cypret, were denied, as were Kiger-Nogy's and Shaffer's claims for intentional infliction of emotional distress. The award was confirmed by the district court. This appeal ensued.
I. Standard of Review
The central question on appeal is what standard of review this Court should employ. This Court reviews a district court's decision refusing to vacate an arbitration award under the same standard as any other district court decision: we accept findings of fact that are not clearly erroneous and decide questions of law de novo. See Hughes Training v. Cook, 254 F.3d 588, 592 (5th Cir. 2001)...
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