3 T.C. 544 (1944), 2168, Schurer v. C. I. R.
|Citation:||3 T.C. 544|
|Opinion Judge:||SMITH, Judge:|
|Party Name:||HARRY F. SCHURER, PETITIONER, v. COMMISSIONER OF INTERNAL REVENUE, RESPONDENT.|
|Attorney:||Albert C. Hirsch, Esq., for the petitioner. Richard L. Shook, Esq., for the respondent.|
|Case Date:||March 30, 1944|
|Court:||United States Tax Court|
The petitioner is a journeyman plumber by trade. His home is in Pittsburgh, Pa. In 1941 he accepted temporary employment at Indiantown Gap, near Harrisburg, Pa., at Aberdeen, Md., and at Morgantown, W.Va. Upon the completion of each of these assignments he returned to Pittsburgh, In 1941 he spend $920 for board and lodging and $21.26 for railroad and bus fares while away from home. Held, that these amounts are deductible from gross income as expenses of carrying on his trade or business. Coburn v. Commissioner (C.C.A., 2d Cir.), 138 F.2d 763, followed.
This is a proceeding for the redetermination of a deficiency of $98.61 in income tax for 1941. The petitioner alleges that the respondent erred in disallowing deductions from gross income of amounts paid for traveling expenses, including board and lodging, while away from his home.
FINDINGS OF FACT.
The petitioner is a resident of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. He filed his income tax return for 1941 with the collector of internal revenue for the twenty-third district of Pennsylvania, at Pittsburgh.
Since 1902 petitioner has been a journeyman plumber and a member of Plumbers Local Union No. 27, at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. He has been married since 1907. His family consists of himself, his wife, and his mother-in-law. He resides at 197 Parade Street, Pittsburgh, in a house which he purchased in 1910.
Petitioner has always carried on his trade as plumber at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. He is registered as such under an ordinance of Pittsburgh and is required to register each year. He has always looked to his local union for employment. In December 1940 he was requested by his local union to go to Indiantown Gap, Pennsylvania, which is 22 miles from Harrisburg, to work on a soldiers' cantonment. He worked there three weeks in 1940 and four weeks in 1941. In 1941 he spent $80 for meals and lodging while employed at Indiantown Gap and $5.12 for train fare back to Pittsburgh. Shortly thereafter he accepted employment through his union in the construction of a cantonment at Aberdeen, Maryland. He worked there nine weeks, spending $180 for meals and lodging and $12.34 for transportation from Pittsburgh to Aberdeen and return.
Shortly thereafter he was requested to go to Morgantown, West Virginia, to assist in the construction of an ammonia plant for the duPont Co. He was there for a period of 33 weeks, after which he
returned to Pittsburgh. His expenses at Morgantown were $660 for room and board and $3.80 for bus fare from Pittsburgh to Morgantown and return.
In his income tax return for 1941 the petitioner claimed deductions of $980 for room and board and $26.38 for train fare. Of those amounts $60 represented room and board paid in 1940 and $5.12 represented train fare paid in 1940. The balance, $920 for room and board and $21.26 for train and bus fares, was expended in 1941 for meals and lodging and for train and bus fares while away from home in pursuit of his trade.
The question presented is whether the petitioner is entitled to deduct from his gross income of 1941, as traveling expenses incurred in the pursuit of his trade while away from home, the amounts spent for meals and lodging and train fare. The respondent disallowed these deductions for the reason stated in his deficiency notice as follows:
* * * it has been held that travel expense between your place of residence and your places of employment, or between your several places of employment, as well as the cost of meals and lodging during your stay at said places of employment are personal expenses and are not deductible. It has been held, further, that a taxpayer may not keep his place of residence at a point where he is not engaged in carrying on a trade or business and take a deduction for living expenses while away from said residence. It has been...
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