334 F.Supp. 522 (D.D.C. 1971), Civ. A. 218-70, Liberty Mut. Ins. Co. v. American Pecco Corp.
|Docket Nº:||Civ. A. 218-70|
|Citation:||334 F.Supp. 522|
|Party Name:||Liberty Mut. Ins. Co. v. American Pecco Corp.|
|Case Date:||November 30, 1971|
|Court:||United States District Courts, District of Columbia|
John J. O'Neill, Jr., Washington, D.C., for plaintiff, Liberty Mutual Ins. Co.
Preston C. King, Jr., Washington, D.C., for plaintiff, The Knollman Co.
Denver H. Graham, Washington, D.C., for defendant American Pecco Corp.
James M. Minor, Jr., Richmond, Va., Gerald R. Walsh, Fairfax, Va., for defendant Peiner Machinen Und Schraubenverke.
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER
GASCH, District Judge.
This matter came on for consideration of a motion by defendant Peiner Machinen Und Schraubenverke to quash service of process. The controversy arises out of the collapse in the District of Columbia of a construction crane manufactured by Peiner, a German corporation; service was made on defendant Peiner by registered mail in March, 1971, under the provisions of the recently enacted "long arm" statute. D.C.Code §§ 13-423 and 13-431 (Supp.1971).
Peiner has launched a three-pronged attack in its motion to quash service. Initially it raises the threshold question of whether the D.C. statute is to be given retrospective effect. The cause of action arose in March, 1969, when the crane collapsed. Suit was filed on January, 1970, the effective date of the statute was February 1, 1971. Peiner was served in March, 1971. While the statute itself is silent as to its applicability to causes of action arising prior to its effective date, jurisdictions which have adopted similar expansive statutes have given them retrospective effect. E. g., Hardy v. Rekab, Inc., 266 F.Supp. 508 (D.Md.1967); Walke v. Dallas, Inc., 209 Va. 32, 161 S.E.2d 722 (1968); Simonson v. International Bank, 14 N.Y.2d 281, 251 N.Y.S.2d 433, 200 N.E.2d 427 (1964); Nelson v. Miller, 11 Ill.2d 378, 143 N.E.2d 673 (1957); See also McGee v. International Life Ins. Co., 355 U.S. 220, 78 S.Ct. 199, 2 L.Ed.2d 223 (1957). Retrospective application is justified on the grounds that such statutes merely establish a new method of obtaining jurisdiction and effect procedural changes to secure existing substantive rights; the Court concludes that the D.C.Code provision is such a statute and should be given retrospective application in this...
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