365 F.2d 87 (10th Cir. 1966), 8382, Jones v. United States

Docket Nº:8382, 8383.
Citation:365 F.2d 87
Party Name:Raymond O. JONES, Appellant, v. UNITED STATES of America, Appellee. Harold Ben MARLEY, Appellant, v. UNITED STATES of America, Appellee.
Case Date:August 26, 1966
Court:United States Courts of Appeals, Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit
 
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Page 87

365 F.2d 87 (10th Cir. 1966)

Raymond O. JONES, Appellant,

v.

UNITED STATES of America, Appellee.

Harold Ben MARLEY, Appellant,

v.

UNITED STATES of America, Appellee.

Nos. 8382, 8383.

United States Court of Appeals, Tenth Circuit.

Aug. 26, 1966

Page 88

Irvine E. Ungerman, of Ungerman, Grabel, Ungerman & Leiter, Tulsa, Okl. (S. S. Lawrence, Tulsa, Okl., with him on the brief), for appellants.

Lawrence A. McSoud, Asst. U.S. Atty., Tulsa, Okl. (John M. Imel, U.S. Atty., Tulsa, Okl., with him on the brief), for appellee.

Before PHILLIPS, PICKETT and SETH, Circuit Judges.

PICKETT, Circuit Judge.

The appellants, Jones and Marley, appeal from a judgment and sentence entered after conviction on a single-count indictment charging them and Wanda Lee Marley 1 with conspiracy to violate the Internal Revenue Laws relating to intoxicating liquors. 26 U.S.C. 5179(a); 5171(a); 5173(a); 5205(a)(2); 5601(a) (1); 5601(a)(2); 5601(a)(4); 5601(a)(7); 5601(a)(8); 5601(a)(12); 5604(a)(1).

The essence of the crime of conspiracy, as defined in 18 U.S.C. § 371, is an agreement between two or more parties to commit an offense against the United States, supplemented with overt action by one or more of the conspirators to effectuate the agreement. Braverman v. United States, 317 U.S. 49, 63 S.Ct. 99, 87 L.Ed. 23; United States v. Falcone, 311 U.S. 205, 61 S.Ct. 204, 85 L.Ed. 128; Carter v. United States, 10 Cir., 333 F.2d 354; O'Neal v. United States, 10 Cir., 240 F.2d 700; Madsen v. United States, 10 Cir., 165 F.2d 507. A conviction for conspiracy under the federal statute 'cannot be sustained unless there is 'proof of an agreement to commit an offense against the United States.' * * * ' Ingram v. United States, 360 U.S. 672, 677-678, 79 S.Ct. 1314, 1319, 3 L.Ed.2d 1503, rehearing denied 361 U.S. 856, 80 S.Ct. 42, 4 L.Ed.2d 96. In Jones v. United States, 10 Cir., 251 F.2d 288, 290, cert. denied 356 U.S. 919, 78 S.Ct. 703, 2 L.Ed.2d 715, this court stated the law generally applicable to conspiracy cases:

'The Federal Statute makes it a crime to conspire to commit an offense against the United States. The offense if complete when two or more persons combine together to commit an offense against the United States

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and do any act to effect the object of the conspiracy. 18 U.S.C.A. § 371; O'Neal v. United States, 10 Cir., 240 F.2d 700...

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