369 F.2d 256 (7th Cir. 1966), 15435, Sarfaty v. Nowak
|Citation:||369 F.2d 256|
|Party Name:||Barnett SARFATY, Philamena Connor, Emma Briscoe and Kathleen Hart, Plaintiffs-Appellants, v. Joseph NOWAK, Mayor of the City of Calumet City, Illinois, Lawrence J. Giovingo, Frank Prekawas, Jr., Joseph Sanye, Mrs. Sarah Mase, Jerome A. Schmitt, Herbert J. Breclaw and John Jaranowski, Jr., Members of the Council of the City of Calumet City, Illinois|
|Case Date:||October 05, 1966|
|Court:||United States Courts of Appeals, Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit|
Rehearing Denied Jan. 4, 1967.
Anna R. Lavin, John Powers Crowley, Chicago, Ill., for appellants.
Thomas R. Bobak, Calumet City, Ill., Roman E. Posanski, Posanski, Johannsen,
Krohn & Jacobs, Chicago, Ill., for appellees.
Before DUFFY, Senior Circuit Judge, and SWYGERT and FAIRCHILD, Circuit Judges.
DUFFY, Senior Circuit Judge.
This is a suit seeking injunctive relief, asking that enforcement of a city ordinance be enjoined. The defendants are the Mayor and Chief of Police of the City of Calumet City, Illinois, and the members of the City Council of that city. This appeal is from an order of the District Court denying a temporary restraining order pending a hearing for an injunction, and denying leave to file an amended complaint.
The complaint states that plaintiff Sarfaty is the holder of a liquor license for the Shay Club in Calumet City, Illinois, and the remaining plaintiffs are barmaids employed by Sarfaty in the operation of the Shay Club.
Among other things, the ordinance here in question provides that no female employed in a licensed liquor establishment can accept from any male patron any alcoholic or non-alcoholic beverage, nor can any such female fraternize, associate, or mingle with any male patron in such licensed establishments. The ordinance also prohibits any barmaid from soliciting the purchase of a drink from any male patron or from serving any drink that was thus solicited.
The trial court dismissed the complaint sua sponte and would not permit the filing of an amended complaint on the ground that since the Court had dismissed because of having declined jurisdiction, any amendment of the complaint would be a useless procedure.
The complaint alleged that it was part of the regular course of business of barmaids to accept alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages from male patrons, and to fraternize, associate and mingle with such patrons in such establishments.
The complaint further alleged that if plaintiff Sarfaty were required to comply with the provisions of the ordinance, he would be thus required to violate Title 42 U.S.C. § 2000e(2)(a), in that it would be necessary for him to hire persons other than of the female sex to carry on activities normally carried on by the bartenders and barmaids in the regular course of their business as bartenders and barmaids. Sarfaty claims the ordinance would thus force him to engage in an unfair labor practice.
The barmaid plaintiffs allege the ordinance deprives them of their property without due process of law, and also denies to them the equal protection of the law. They claim that they will suffer loss of employment solely because of their sex.
The district judge announced that he was exercising his discretion to decline jurisdiction over a case which challenged the constitutionality of a penal provision prior to its enforcement.
Plaintiffs say that this suit was brought under the Civil Rights Act, and was not only an attempt to enjoin state prosecution, but also was an attempt to enjoin the enforcement of an ordinance, the enforcement of which would cause irreparable injury to the plaintiffs.
It should be noted that the concluding paragraph of Section II of the Ordinance here under question provides '* * * nor shall any of the aforesaid prohibited activities be deemed to prevent any of the aforesaid females from accepting and serving the order of a male patron or customer for any alcoholic or non-alcoholic beverage in the regular course of her employment or work.'
We may not indulge in any forecasts or presumptions that the enforcement of the ordinance will be abusive. As was well-stated by the Court in City of Manchester v. Leiby (1 Cir. 1941), 117 F.2d 661, cert. den.313 U.S. 562, at page 665, 61 S.Ct. 838, 85 L.Ed. 1522...
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