369 U.S. 654 (1962), 286, United States v. Diebold

Docket Nº:No. 286
Citation:369 U.S. 654, 82 S.Ct. 993, 8 L.Ed.2d 176
Party Name:United States v. Diebold
Case Date:May 14, 1962
Court:United States Supreme Court
 
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Page 654

369 U.S. 654 (1962)

82 S.Ct. 993, 8 L.Ed.2d 176

United States

v.

Diebold

No. 286

United States Supreme Court

May 14, 1962

Argued April 23, 1962

APPEAL FROM THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT

FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF OHIO

Syllabus

In this civil antitrust action by the Government challenging respondent's acquisition of the assets of another corporation as being violative of § 7 of the Clayton Act, the affidavits, exhibits and depositions before the District Court raised a genuine issue as to ultimate facts material to the question whether the acquired corporation was a "failing company" under the doctrine of International Shoe Co. v. Federal Trade Comm'n, 280 U.S. 291, and it was improper for the District Court to decide the applicability of that doctrine and dismiss the case on a motion for summary judgment. Pp. 654-655.

197 F.Supp. 902 reversed.

Per curiam opinion.

PER CURIAM.

This is a civil antitrust suit by the Government challenging Diebold's acquisition of the assets of the Herring-Hall-Marvin Safe Company as being violative of § 7 of the Clayton Act. On motion of Diebold, the District Court entered summary judgment against the Government on the ground that the acquired firm was a "failing company" under the doctrine of International Shoe Co. v. Federal Trade Comm'n, 280 U.S. 291 (1930). The case is here on direct appeal. 368 U.S. 894.

Page 655

In determining that the acquisition of the assets of Herring-Hall-Marvin Safe Company was not a violation of § 7, the District Court acted upon its findings that "HHM was hopelessly insolvent, and faced with imminent receivership," and that "Diebold was the only bona fide prospective purchaser for HHM's business." The latter finding represents, at least in part, the resolution of a head-on factual controversy as revealed by the materials before the District Court of whether other offers for HHM's assets or business were actually made. In any event, both findings represent a choice of inferences to be drawn from the subsidiary facts contained in the affidavits, attached exhibits, and depositions submitted below. On summary judgment, the inferences to be drawn from the underlying facts contained in such materials must be viewed in the light most favorable to the party opposing the motion. A study of the record in this light leads us to believe that inferences contrary to those drawn by the trial court might be permissible. The materials...

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