372 F.3d 113 (2nd Cir. 2004), 03-1340, United States v. Chusid
|Citation:||372 F.3d 113|
|Party Name:||UNITED STATES of America, Appellee, v. Eugene CHUSID, Defendant-Appellant.|
|Case Date:||June 15, 2004|
|Court:||United States Courts of Appeals, Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit|
Argued: Feb. 2, 2004.
Henry J. Steinglass, New York, N.Y. for Defendant-Appellant.
Marc A. Weinstein, Assistant U.S. Attorney, New York, N.Y. (James B, Comey, U.S. Attorney, and Celeste L. Koeleveld, Assistant U.S. Attorney, on the brief) for Appellee.
Before: POOLER, SOTOMAYOR, WESLEY, Circuit Judges.
Defendant-appellant Eugene Chusid appeals from two decisions issued by the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York (Kaplan, J.): (1) an order, dated June 14, 2003, finding him in contempt for his failure to satisfy the district court's prior order, dated July 17, 2001, imposing restitution and fines ("the Contempt Order") and (2) an amended judgment in a criminal case, dated May 28, 2003, resentencing him pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 3614 ("the Resentencing Order").
On March 1, 2001 Eugene Chusid appeared before Judge Kaplan to plead guilty to: (1) wire fraud in connection with a scheme to induce an individual to transfer funds to an entity called the Carribean Bank of Commerce ("CBC"); (2) interstate transfer of two stolen checks in the amount of $1.6 million; and (3) fraudulently receiving deposits on behalf of CBC. In sum, as Judge Kaplan stated in the contempt hearing that is the subject of this appeal, Chusid was involved in a scheme that "included portraying himself as an officer of a bank, persuading people to make deposits to the bank and then diverting the proceeds."
On July 17, 2001 Judge Kaplan sentenced Chusid to a term of thirty-seven
months imprisonment and three years of supervised release. He also ordered Chusid to pay restitution in the amount of $360,000 and imposed a fine of $250,000. Chusid was obliged to pay these funds by December 1, 2001. It is undisputed that this obligation has not been met.
On December 12, 2002 the Government moved for an order to show cause as to why Chusid should not be held in contempt, or be found in criminal default, because of his delinquency, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 3572(i), in paying restitution and fines. The Government also requested that Chusid be resentenced pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 3614 because of his failure to meet these obligations. Chusid opposed the order to show cause and cross-moved for, inter alia, an order setting aside the fine because he "was misinformed at sentencing regarding his right to appeal the fine."
Judge Kaplan issued an oral ruling on the order to show cause on May 27, 2003. He first noted that Chusid is a defendant in two federal civil actions arising out of the fraudulent scheme involving CBC. First, Chusid was sued by one of the victims of the CBC fraud in the District of New Jersey in 1999, shortly before he was indicted in the Southern District of New York. The court in that action immediately issued an order freezing certain of Chusid's assets, an order that remains in effect. Chusid's father is also a defendant in that...
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