38 N.Y.2d 812, People v. Dunaway

Citation:38 N.Y.2d 812, 382 N.Y.S.2d 40
Party Name:People v. Dunaway
Case Date:December 29, 1975
Court:New York Court of Appeals

Page 812

38 N.Y.2d 812

382 N.Y.S.2d 40

The PEOPLE of the State of New York, Respondent,


Irving Jerome DUNAWAY, Appellant, et al., Defendant.

New York Court of Appeals

December 29, 1975.

Charles F. Crimi, Rochester, for appellant.

Jack B. Lazarus, Dist. Atty. (Edward J. Spires, Rochester, of counsel), for respondent.


This case has been remanded to us by the Supreme Court of the United States 'for further consideration in light of Brown v. Illinois (422 U.S. 590, 95 S.Ct. 2254, 45 L.Ed.2d 416).' (Dunaway v. New York, 422 U.S. 1053, 95 S.Ct. 2674, 45 L.Ed.2d 705.) We had previously affirmed appellant's conviction for felony murder and attempted robbery (35 N.Y.2d 741, 361 N.Y.S.2d 912, 320 N.E.2d 646).

On March 26, 1971, two men entered a pizza shop in Rochester, New York, and, in the course of an attempted robbery, one of them shot and killed the proprietor. Four months later, on August 11, 1971, three police officers went to Dunaway's home to question him about his participation in the robbery. If they had any reason for suspecting him the record does not disclose it. Finding him at a nearby house, the police, according to their own testimony, asked Dunaway 'to come downtown * * * to talk * * * about something'.

There, defendant was taken to an interrogation room where he was given warnings required by Miranda v. Arizona, 384 U.S. 436, 86 S.Ct. 1602, 16 L.Ed.2d 694. He then waived his right to counsel and consented to talk to the detectives. During the course of the interview, Dunaway, at the request of the officers, drew two incriminating sketches and made two inculpatory statements.

Prior to trial, a motion was made to suppress the statements and drawings on the ground that the evidence was obtained during a period of illegal detention subsequent to an illegal seizure of appellant's person without a showing of probable cause. The court ruled only that the statements were voluntarily given after proper Miranda warnings and therefore were not excludable on Miranda grounds. The Appellate Division affirmed that decision without opinion (42 A.D.2d 689, 346 N.Y.S.2d 779.)

Specifically, no findings were made as to the nature of the detention, if that it was, and, if it was, whether there was probable cause for the detention and, as the District Attorney...

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