397 F.2d 394 (1st Cir. 1968), 7000, Wyman-Gordon Co. v. N. L. R. B.
|Citation:||397 F.2d 394|
|Party Name:||WYMAN-GORDON COMPANY et al., Appellants, v. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS BOARD, Appellee.|
|Case Date:||June 12, 1968|
|Court:||United States Courts of Appeals, Court of Appeals for the First Circuit|
National Labor Relations Board's rule promulgated as result of two consolidated cases coming before the board on union challenges of elections on ground employers had refused to supply unions with list of names and addresses of employees was invalid for promulgation in disregard of notice and publication requirements of the Administrative Procedure Act where board established rule requiring furnishing of such lists by an employer not only for application to parties before it, but further provided that rule not take effect for 30 days.
Quentin O. Young, Boston, Mass., with whom Herrick, Smith, Donald, Farley & Ketchum, Boston, Mass., was on brief, for appellants.
Solomon I. Hirsh, Washington, D.C., Attorney, with whom Arnold Ordman, General Counsel, Dominick L. Manoli, Associate General Counsel, Marcel Mallet-Prevost, Asst. General Counsel, and Bernard Dworski, Washington, D.C., Attorney, were on brief, for appellee.
Before ALDRICH, Chief Judge, McENTEE and COFFIN, Circuit Judges.
ALDRICH, Chief Judge.
This is an appeal from an order of the district court enforcing compliance with a National Labor Relations Board subpoena which ordered an employer to furnish names and addresses to its employees. The issuance of the subpoena stems from efforts of two unions, the International Brotherhood of Boilermakers, Iron Ship Builders, Blacksmiths, Forgers and Helpers, AFL-CIO (Boilermakers), and the United Steelworkers of America, AFL-CIO (Steelworkers), to represent some 1750 production and maintenance employees at appellant's plants in three Massachusetts communities. The Board's Regional Director, after investigation and hearing, ordered and election and directed appellant, in accordance with the rule announced in Excelsior Underwear,
Inc., 1966, 156 N.L.R.B. 1236, to furnish the Board a list of the names and addresses of all employees eligible to vote. Appellant agreed to furnish a list of names, but refused to supply addresses. Notwithstanding this refusal, the election was held, resulting in 226 votes for the Boilermakers, 555 for the Steelworkers, and 903 against any union.
On objection by both unions, the Regional Director set aside the election and ordered a new one. The Board affirmed this decision. Again the Regional Director demanded an Excelsior list, and again appellant refused. The subpoena then issued. The Board filed a complaint seeking enforcement of the subpoena or, alternatively, a mandatory injunction directing appellant to comply with the Excelsior requirement. The district court ordered enforcement of the subpoena, and this appeal followed. By it appellant has launched a broadside attack against the Excelsior rule, challenging its substance, the procedure of its promulgation, and the statutory basis of the subpoena power invoked to enforce it.
The court is of one mind in not being greatly impressed by the arguments challenging the wisdom of the Excelsior rule, but this is a matter on which the majority of the court does not feel called upon to make a decision. We mention briefly the Board's concern in insuring an informed employee electorate, and in balancing management's right of access to employees in the plant through the mails with a right on the part of unions-- and anti-union employees-- to have access to the addresses of a constantly changing roster of employees. It is unnecessary to repeat the Board's responses in Excelsior to the contentions that its authority to compel disclosure is limited to cases where other channels of information do not exist and that such compulsory disclosure invades the privacy of employees. Likewise we are not greatly impressed by the contention that compelling a list of names and addresses forces appellant to 'interfere' with a labor organization, in violation of29 U.S.C. § 158(a)(2), and to give a 'thing of value' to a labor organization, in violation of 29 U.S.C. § 186. The former statute, as is indicated by the cases cited to us by appellant, is concerned with acts of favoritism. It is difficult to think that supplying the Board with information, pursuant to a Board order, which the Board will give to all persons alike who show a legitimate interest, would be considered a proscribed gift.
A threshold question, however, is raised by appellant's claim that the Excelsior rule is invalid because, concededly, it was promulgated in disregard of the notice and publication requirements of the Administrative Procedure Act, 5 U.S.C.A. §§ 552, 553. 1 In the opinion of the majority of the court this issue is determinative.
Events leading to the establishment of the rule grew out of two consolidated cases coming before the Board on union challenges of elections of the ground that the employers had refused to supply the unions with lists of names and addresses of employees so that the unions might answer a campaign letter sent by the company to the employees. Recognizing the problem to be one affecting more than just the parties before it, the Board chose to solicit the assistance of selected amici curiae, and, ultimately, to establish a rule which not only did not apply to the parties before it, but did not take effect for thirty days. 2 In so doing we consider that the Board, to put it bluntly,
designed its own rulemaking procedure, adopting such part of the Congressional mandate as it chose, and rejecting the rest.
In presently justifying its position the Board does not seek to carve out for itself the special defense suggested...
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