415 F.3d 936 (8th Cir. 2005), 04-3156, Luckes v. County of Hennepin, Minnesota
|Citation:||415 F.3d 936|
|Party Name:||Earl Leon LUCKES, Jr., Appellant, v. COUNTY OF HENNEPIN, MINNESOTA; Patrick D. McGowan, Sheriff; Michele Smolley, Chief Deputy; Thomas Merkel, Inspector; Former Inspector Richard Estensen, officially and individually, Appellees.|
|Case Date:||July 28, 2005|
|Court:||United States Courts of Appeals, Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit|
Submitted: May 13, 2005.
Rehearing and Rehearing En Banc Denied Sept. 2, 2005.
Appeal from the United States District Court for the District of Minnesota.
Seth M. Colton, argued, Minneapolis, MN (Kay N. Hunt, Minneapolis, MN, on the brief), for appellant.
Beverly J. Wolfe, argued, Minneapolis, MN (Toni A. Beitz, Minneapolis, MN, on the brief), for appellee.
Before WOLLMAN, COLLOTON, and BENTON, Circuit Judges.
WOLLMAN, Circuit Judge.
Earl Leon Luckes, Jr., appeals from the district court's1 grant of summary judgment against him and in favor of appellees Hennepin County, Minnesota, and Sheriff Patrick D. McGowan. We affirm.
On May 5, 1999, the Minnesota State Patrol issued two traffic citations to Luckes for failure to produce proof of insurance, in violation of Minn. Stat. § 169.791, and failure to wear a seat belt, in violation of Minn. Stat. § 169.686. Through the claimed inadvertence of Luckes and his wife, the fines imposed by the citations were not paid, and bench warrants for Luckes's arrest were subsequently issued on June 15, 1999. In addition, Luckes's driver's license was suspended on January 12, 2000.
On May 9, 2001, Luckes was again stopped by the Minnesota State Patrol and cited for driving with a suspended license, in violation of Minn. Stat. § 171.24, and driving with an expired license, in violation of Minn. Stat. § 171.27.2 The citing officer then arrested Luckes pursuant to the bench warrants and transported him to the Hennepin County Adult Detention Center (ADC). Luckes arrived at the ADC at approximately 7:30 a.m. and was placed in a holding cell.3 Prior to being placed in the cell, he was told by an officer that he had "picked the worst day to be here." In addition, a sign posted in various locations at the ADC asked inmates to "be patient" due to the fact that completing their paperwork and processing "may take more than eight hours."
The evening before Luckes was detained, the ADC activated a new computerized jail management system designed to update the ADC's record keeping and processing functions. During Luckes's time at the ADC, the facility encountered a number of problems with the system, thereby increasing the ADC's intake and booking processing times. These operational
difficulties, superimposed upon the ADC's standard inmate processing procedures, resulted in Luckes's detention at the ADC until 7:48 a.m., a period of approximately twenty-four hours.4
During his twenty-four-hour detention, Luckes was repeatedly placed in overcrowded cells with persons arrested for crimes significantly more violent in nature than the mere failure to pay traffic fines. He endured threats and intimidation from other inmates, as well as mockery prompted by his speech impediment. Each time he was taken to complete a step in the booking and processing procedure, ADC personnel repeated the activity a number of times because of their lack of familiarity with the new system. Finally, after initially being told that he would be released...
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