431 F.2d 967 (1st Cir. 1970), 7518, Briggs v. Kerrigan
|Docket Nº:||7518, 7542.|
|Citation:||431 F.2d 967|
|Party Name:||Archie BRIGGS et al., Plaintiffs, Appellants, v. John T. KERRIGAN et al., Defendants, Appellees. Bonnie FAY et al., Plaintiffs, Appellants, v. Ray GAUTHIER et al., Defendants, Appellees.|
|Case Date:||August 14, 1970|
|Court:||United States Courts of Appeals, Court of Appeals for the First Circuit|
Gershon Michael Ratner, Boston, Mass., and John Cratsley, Cambridge, Mass., with whom Nicola Smith, Mark Willis, and Stephen Rosenfield were on the brief, for appellants.
Raymond D. Battocchi, Atty., Dept. of Justice, with Whom William D. Ruckelshaus, Asst. Atty. Gen., Herbert F. Travers, Jr., U.S. Atty., and Alan S. Rosenthal, Atty., Dept. of Justice, were on the brief, for Clifford Hardin, Secretary of Agriculture, and others, federal appellees.
Alan G. MacDonald, Deputy Asst. Atty. Gen., with whom Robert H. Quinn, Atty. Gen., was on the brief, for William G. Saltonstall, Chairman of the Board of
Education of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, and others, state appellees.
Edith W. Fine, Assistant Corporation Counsel for the City of Boston, for John T. Kerrigan, Chairman of the Boston School Committee, and others, city appellees.
Paul F. Hennessey, Asst. City Solicitor for the City of Somerville, for Ray Gauthier, Chairman of the Somerville School Committee, and others, city appellees.
Before ALDRICH, Chief Judge, McENTEE and COFFIN, Circuit Judges.
These suits seek to enjoin the operation of the school lunch programs in the Boston and Somerville school systems on the grounds that these programs violate the National School Lunch Act, 42 U.S.C. § 1751 et seq., and the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. The alleged violation consists of providing school lunches to some relatively affluent students while failing to provide such lunches to other, needier students. The district court granted summary judgment against plaintiffs in both cases. We affirm on the basis of the district court's careful opinion in Briggs v. Kerrigan, 307 F.Supp. 295 (D.Mass.1969), adding only the following comments.
First, we think both cases were ripe for summary judgment. The undisputed evidence indicated that both Boston and Somerville provided lunches in all their high schools and junior high schools, but in only a few of their elementary schools. School officials, by deposition, explained this discrepancy...
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