439 U.S. 970 (1978), 78-5177, Harris v. Oklahoma

Docket Nº:No. 78-5177
Citation:439 U.S. 970, 99 S.Ct. 465, 58 L.Ed.2d 431
Party Name:Floyd HARRIS v. State of OKLAHOMA
Case Date:November 13, 1978
Court:United States Supreme Court
 
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Page 970

439 U.S. 970 (1978)

99 S.Ct. 465, 58 L.Ed.2d 431

Floyd HARRIS

v.

State of OKLAHOMA

No. 78-5177

United States Supreme Court.

November 13, 1978

OPINION

The petition for a writ of certiorari is denied.

Mr. Justice BRENNAN, with whom Mr. Justice MARSHALL joins, dissenting.

In 1971 a grocery store clerk in Tulsa, Okla., was shot and killed during the course of a robbery of the store. Petitioner has undergone two separate trials based on two separate

Page 971

charges arising out of this event. Petitioner was convicted of armed robbery in the District Court of Tulsa County, Case No. CRF-73-228, on July 19, 1973. On November 21, 1973, petitioner was convicted in a second trial of the crime of felony murder, the armed robbery providing an essential element of the crime. Case No. CRF-73-227. Claiming that his rights under the Double Jeopardy Clause of the Fifth Amendment had been violated, petitioner sought post-conviction relief in the District Court of Tulsa County, Okl. This relief was denied.

Petitioner then appealed to the Oklahoma Court of Criminal Appeals, which ordered petitioner's conviction for felony murder vacated because of the Double Jeopardy Clause. The Court stated:

"This order is made without prejudice to the trial of the said Floyd Harris on any charge of homicide which the facts and justice may warrant, not inconsistent with the views expressed by the Supreme Court of the United States in Brown v. Ohio, 432 U.S. 161, 97 S.Ct. 2221, 53 L.Ed.2d 187, and Harris v. Oklahoma, [433 U.S. 682, 97 S.Ct. 2912, 53 L.Ed.2d 1054]." Order Reversing Denial of Post-Conviction Relief, No. PC-78-93 (June 5, 1978).

Petitioner subsequently filed with the Oklahoma Court of Criminal Appeals an application entitled Writ of Habeas Corpus or alternatively, Petition for Rehearing sua sponte, alleging that the court's order in No. PC-78-93 was erroneous because in contravention of Harris v. Oklahoma, 433 U.S. 682, 97 S.Ct. 2912, 53 L.Ed.2d 1054 (1977) [99 S.Ct. 466] . The court denied petitioner's application, stating:

"As petitioner's trial on the charge of Murder in the First Degree is barred solely because the armed robbery for which he was previously convicted is a necessary element of the murder conviction, the holding of Harris v. Oklahoma ... does not prevent petitioner's trial on a lesser degree of homicide which does...

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