445 F.2d 1011 (5th Cir. 1971), 71-1555, Alvarado v. El Paso Independent School Dist.

Docket Nº71-1555.
Citation445 F.2d 1011
Party NameDavid and Dolores ALVARADO et al., Plaintiffs-Appellants, v. EL PASO INDEPENDENT SCHOOL DISTRICT et al., Defendants-Appellees.
Case DateJune 16, 1971
CourtUnited States Courts of Appeals, United States Court of Appeals (5th Circuit)

Page 1011

445 F.2d 1011 (5th Cir. 1971)

David and Dolores ALVARADO et al., Plaintiffs-Appellants,

v.

EL PASO INDEPENDENT SCHOOL DISTRICT et al., Defendants-Appellees.

No. 71-1555.

United States Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit.

June 16, 1971

Fred Weldon, El Paso, Tex., for plaintiffs-appellants.

Morris A. Galatzan, Harold L. Sims, A. R. Grambling, El Paso, Tex., for defendants-appellees.

Before BELL, AINSWORTH and GODBOLD, Circuit Judges.

BY THE COURT:

This class action by fourteen Mexican-American parents on behalf of themselves and children, and all other children and parents in the El Paso, Texas Independent School District, alleges racial and ethnic discrimination in said school system in violation of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution and 42 U.S.C. §§ 1981, 1983, 1988, 2000c-8 and 2000d. In our view, the complaint clearly states a cause of action. Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas, 347 U.S. 483, 73 S.Ct. 686, 98 L.Ed. 878 (1954); Hernandez v. Texas, 347 U.S. 475, 74 S.Ct. 667, 98 L.Ed. 866 (1954). It was improvidently dismissed on the pleadings by the District Court, see Conley v. Gibson, 355 U.S. 41, 78 S.Ct. 99, 2 L.Ed.2d 80 (1957); Pred v. Board of Public Instruction, 5 Cir., 1969, 415 F.2d 851, 852 n. 1, with reasons assigned which are erroneous as a matter of law. Brown v. Topeka, supra; United States v. Jefferson County Board of Education, 5 Cir., 1966, 372 F.2d 836, at 865; decree modified, 380 F.2d 385 cert. denied, Caddo v. Parish School Board, 389 U.S. 840, 88 S.Ct. 67, 19 L.Ed.2d 103 (1967), and other cases too numerous to list.

The judgment of the District Court, 326 F.Supp. 674, is reversed and the cause is remanded with direction that the District Court forthwith hold a full and complete hearing to determine if the school desegregation policies of the School District (especially as they relate to student assignment, desegregation of faculty and other staff, majority to minority transfer policy, transportation, school construction and site selection, and attendance outside system of residence) comply with the principles established in Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, 1971, 402 U.S. 1, 91 S.Ct. 1267, 28 L.Ed.2d 554, and this Court's numerous decisions relative to school desegregation, especially United States v. Jefferson County, supra; Singleton v. Jackson Municipal Separate School District, en banc, 5 Cir., 1970, 419 F.2d 1211; Id....

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30 practice notes
  • Restricting the freedom of contract: a fundamental prohibition.
    • United States
    • Yale Human Rights and Development Law Journal Nbr. 16, January 2013
    • January 1, 2013
    ...Alvarado v. El Paso Independent School District, the court allowed a discrimination claim based on [section] 1981 by Mexican Americans. 445 F.2d 1011 (C.A. Tex. 1971); see also Scott v. Eversole Mortuary, 522 F.2d 1110 (C.A. Cal. 1975) (holding discrimination against American Indians consti......
  • Autry v. Ahern Rentals, Inc., 092821 TXWDC, EP-19-CV-00154-DCG
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 5th Circuit. Southern District of Texas
    • September 28, 2021
    ...the statute.” Bullard v. OMI Ga., Inc., 640 F.2d 632, 634 (5th Cir. 1981) (quoting Alvarado v. El Paso Indep. Sch. Dist., 445 F.2d 1011 (5th Cir. 1971)); see also Jatoi v. Hurst-Euless-Bedford Hosp. Auth., 807 F.2d 1214, 1218 (5th Cir. 1987) (“We have recognize......
  • Burns v. Tuskegee University, 031721 ALMDC, C. A. 3:19-cv-509-ECM (WO)
    • United States
    • Federal Cases United States District Courts 11th Circuit Middle District of Alabama
    • March 17, 2021
    ...Bullard v. OMI Georgia, Inc., 640 F.2d 632, 634 (5th Cir. 1981); see also Alvarado v. El Paso Indep. Sch. Dist., 445 F.2d 1011 (5th Cir.1971) (holding that a complaint by Mexican Americans alleging racial and ethnic discrimination clearly stated a cause of action un......
  • 441 U.S. 677 (1979), 77-926, Cannon v. University of Chicago
    • United States
    • Federal Cases United States Supreme Court
    • May 14, 1979
    ...although with language suggesting that § 1983 may have provided the cause of action. See Alvarado v. El Paso Independent School Dist., 445 F.2d 1011 (CA5 1971); Nashville I-40 Steering Committee v. Ellington, 387 F.2d 179, 181 (CA6 1967), cert. denied, 390 U.S. 921; Anderson v. San Francisc......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
29 cases
  • Autry v. Ahern Rentals, Inc., 092821 TXWDC, EP-19-CV-00154-DCG
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 5th Circuit. Southern District of Texas
    • September 28, 2021
    ...the statute.” Bullard v. OMI Ga., Inc., 640 F.2d 632, 634 (5th Cir. 1981) (quoting Alvarado v. El Paso Indep. Sch. Dist., 445 F.2d 1011 (5th Cir. 1971)); see also Jatoi v. Hurst-Euless-Bedford Hosp. Auth., 807 F.2d 1214, 1218 (5th Cir. 1987) (“We have recognize......
  • Burns v. Tuskegee University, 031721 ALMDC, C. A. 3:19-cv-509-ECM (WO)
    • United States
    • Federal Cases United States District Courts 11th Circuit Middle District of Alabama
    • March 17, 2021
    ...Bullard v. OMI Georgia, Inc., 640 F.2d 632, 634 (5th Cir. 1981); see also Alvarado v. El Paso Indep. Sch. Dist., 445 F.2d 1011 (5th Cir.1971) (holding that a complaint by Mexican Americans alleging racial and ethnic discrimination clearly stated a cause of action un......
  • 441 U.S. 677 (1979), 77-926, Cannon v. University of Chicago
    • United States
    • Federal Cases United States Supreme Court
    • May 14, 1979
    ...although with language suggesting that § 1983 may have provided the cause of action. See Alvarado v. El Paso Independent School Dist., 445 F.2d 1011 (CA5 1971); Nashville I-40 Steering Committee v. Ellington, 387 F.2d 179, 181 (CA6 1967), cert. denied, 390 U.S. 921; Anderson v. San Francisc......
  • 660 F.2d 686 (5th Cir. 1981), 81-2114, Vasquez v. McAllen Bag & Supply Co.
    • United States
    • United States Court of Appeals (5th Circuit)
    • November 6, 1981
    ...(5th Cir. 1980); Manzanares v. Safeway Stores, Inc., 593 F.2d 968, 970 (10th Cir. 1979); Alvarado v. El Paso Independent School District, 445 F.2d 1011 (5th Cir. [2] The plaintiff strongly contends that intent under a section 1981 claim need only be shown in suits involving disparate treatm......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
1 books & journal articles
  • Restricting the freedom of contract: a fundamental prohibition.
    • United States
    • Yale Human Rights and Development Law Journal Nbr. 16, January 2013
    • January 1, 2013
    ...Alvarado v. El Paso Independent School District, the court allowed a discrimination claim based on [section] 1981 by Mexican Americans. 445 F.2d 1011 (C.A. Tex. 1971); see also Scott v. Eversole Mortuary, 522 F.2d 1110 (C.A. Cal. 1975) (holding discrimination against American Indians consti......

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