457 S.E.2d 9 (Va. 1995), 931646, Mickens v. Commonwealth

Docket Nº931646, 931647.
Citation457 S.E.2d 9, 249 Va. 423
Opinion Judge[9] Stephenson
Party NameWalter MICKENS, Jr. v. COMMONWEALTH of Virginia.
Attorney[6] Bryan L. Saunders (Warren F. Keeling, on briefs), for appellant.
Case DateApril 21, 1995
CourtSupreme Court of Virginia

Page 9

457 S.E.2d 9 (Va. 1995)

249 Va. 423

Walter MICKENS, Jr.

v.

COMMONWEALTH of Virginia.

Nos. 931646, 931647.

Supreme Court of Virginia.

April 21, 1995.

Bryan L. Saunders (Warren F. Keeling, on briefs), for appellant.

John H. McLees, Jr., Asst. Atty. Gen. (James S. Gilmore, III, Attorney General, on brief), for appellee.

Present: All the Justices.

ON REMAND FROM THE SUPREME COURT OF THE UNITED STATES

STEPHENSON, Justice.

Walter Mickens, Jr., was convicted of the capital murder of Timothy Jason Hall, i.e., the willful, deliberate, and premeditated killing of Hall in the commission of, or subsequent to, attempted [249 Va. 424] forcible sodomy, in violation of Code § 18.2-31(5). In the penalty phase of a bifurcated trial, the jury fixed Mickens' punishment at death, based upon findings beyond a reasonable doubt of both the "vileness" and the "future dangerousness" predicates. Code § 19.2-264.2. Following a sentencing hearing, the trial court sentenced Mickens in accordance with the jury's verdict. We affirmed the trial court's judgment and the death sentence. Mickens v. Commonwealth, 247 Va. 395, 442 S.E.2d 678 (1994).

Mickens petitioned the Supreme Court for a writ of certiorari, and, on October 11, 1994, in a summary disposition, the Supreme Court granted certiorari, vacated the judgment, and remanded the case to this Court "for further consideration in light of Simmons v. South Carolina, 512 U.S. 154, 114 S.Ct. 2187, 129 L.Ed.2d 133 (1994)." Mickens v. Virginia, 513 U.S. ----, 115 S.Ct. 307, 130 L.Ed.2d 271 (1994). By order entered December 1, 1994, we placed this case on our March 1995 docket with directions for briefing and argument.

In Simmons, the Supreme Court held that, when "future dangerousness" is at issue in the sentencing phase of a capital murder case, the jury is entitled to be informed of the defendant's parole ineligibility. 512 U.S. at ----, 114 S.Ct. at 2189. Code § 53.1-151(B1) prescribes the test for determining whether a defendant is ineligible for parole:

Any person convicted of three separate felony offenses of (i) murder, (ii) rape or (iii) robbery by the presenting of firearms or other deadly weapon, or any combination of the offenses specified in subdivisions (i), (ii) or (iii) when such offenses were not part of a common act, transaction or scheme shall not be eligible for parole.

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  • 482 S.E.2d 72 (Va.App. 1997), 1505-95-2, Mosby v. Commonwealth
    • United States
    • Virginia Court of Appeals of Virginia
    • March 4, 1997
    ...must be informed of parole ineligibility when the Commonwealth argues future dangerousness in capital cases. See Mickens v. Commonwealth, 249 Va. 423, 457 S.E.2d 9 (1995). However, Simmons imposes no such requirement in noncapital cases. As the Court in Simmons pointed out, in a capital cas......
  • Newman v. Commonwealth, 070197 VACA, 0369-96-2
    • United States
    • Virginia Court of Appeals of Virginia
    • July 1, 1997
    ...must be informed of parole ineligibility when the Commonwealth argues future dangerousness in capital cases. See Mickens v. Commonwealth, 249 Va. 423, 457 S.E.2d 9 (1995). However, Simmons imposes no such requirement in noncapital cases. Id. at 290, 482 S.E.2d at 74. In Mosby, we further sa......
  • The Decline of Due Process in Capital Sentencing: Ramdass v. Angelone
    • United States
    • Capital University Law Review Nbr. 30-1, May 2002
    • May 1, 2002
    ...158. [224] Ramdass, 450 S.E.2d at 360. [225] Brief for Petitioner at 13-14, Ramdass v. Angelone, 530 U.S. 156 (2000) (No. 99- 7000). [226] 457 S.E.2d 9 (Va. 1995). [227] Brief for Respondent at 32, Ramdass v. Angelone, 530 U.S. 156 (2000) (No. 99- 7000). [228] Mickens v. Commonwealth, 442 S......
  • 530 U.S. 156 (2000), 99-7000, Ramdass v. Angelone
    • United States
    • Federal Cases United States Supreme Court
    • June 12, 2000
    ...in Ramdass' position had been raising the issue at trial, despite existing Virginia law to the contrary. E. g., Mickens v. Commonwealth, 249 Va. 423, 424, 457 S.E.2d 9, 10 (1995); O'Dell v. Thompson, 502 U.S. 995, 996-997, n. 3 (1991) (Blackmun, J., respecting denial of certiorari); Mueller......
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9 cases
  • 482 S.E.2d 72 (Va.App. 1997), 1505-95-2, Mosby v. Commonwealth
    • United States
    • Virginia Court of Appeals of Virginia
    • March 4, 1997
    ...must be informed of parole ineligibility when the Commonwealth argues future dangerousness in capital cases. See Mickens v. Commonwealth, 249 Va. 423, 457 S.E.2d 9 (1995). However, Simmons imposes no such requirement in noncapital cases. As the Court in Simmons pointed out, in a capital cas......
  • Newman v. Commonwealth, 070197 VACA, 0369-96-2
    • United States
    • Virginia Court of Appeals of Virginia
    • July 1, 1997
    ...must be informed of parole ineligibility when the Commonwealth argues future dangerousness in capital cases. See Mickens v. Commonwealth, 249 Va. 423, 457 S.E.2d 9 (1995). However, Simmons imposes no such requirement in noncapital cases. Id. at 290, 482 S.E.2d at 74. In Mosby, we further sa......
  • 530 U.S. 156 (2000), 99-7000, Ramdass v. Angelone
    • United States
    • Federal Cases United States Supreme Court
    • June 12, 2000
    ...in Ramdass' position had been raising the issue at trial, despite existing Virginia law to the contrary. E. g., Mickens v. Commonwealth, 249 Va. 423, 424, 457 S.E.2d 9, 10 (1995); O'Dell v. Thompson, 502 U.S. 995, 996-997, n. 3 (1991) (Blackmun, J., respecting denial of certiorari); Mueller......
  • 187 F.3d 396 (4th Cir. 1999), 98-30, Ramdass v. Angelone
    • United States
    • Federal Cases United States Courts of Appeals Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit
    • August 3, 1999
    ...defeats the implication that the Virginia Supreme Court is somehow hostile to enforcing the Simmons right. See Mickens v. Commonwealth, 457 S.E.2d 9 (Va. We have included this discussion only in an effort to dispel Ramdass' insinuation that the Virginia Supreme Court acted craftily in denyi......
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1 books & journal articles
  • The Decline of Due Process in Capital Sentencing: Ramdass v. Angelone
    • United States
    • Capital University Law Review Nbr. 30-1, May 2002
    • May 1, 2002
    ...158. [224] Ramdass, 450 S.E.2d at 360. [225] Brief for Petitioner at 13-14, Ramdass v. Angelone, 530 U.S. 156 (2000) (No. 99- 7000). [226] 457 S.E.2d 9 (Va. 1995). [227] Brief for Respondent at 32, Ramdass v. Angelone, 530 U.S. 156 (2000) (No. 99- 7000). [228] Mickens v. Commonwealth, 442 S......