46 F. 506 (S.D.N.Y. 1891), Quinn v. Complete Electric Const. Co.

Citation:46 F. 506
Party Name:QUINN v. COMPLETE ELECTRIC CONST. CO.
Case Date:May 23, 1891
Court:United States Courts of Appeals, Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit
 
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Page 506

46 F. 506 (S.D.N.Y. 1891)

QUINN

v.

COMPLETE ELECTRIC CONST. CO.

United States Circuit Court, S.D. New York.

May 23, 1891

George A. Black, for complainant.

H. Applington, for defendant.

WALLACE, J.

The plaintiff was run over by a horse and truck driven by one Murphy by the negligence of Murphy, who at the time was performing a service for the Western Electric Company, but was in the employ of the defendant, and was driving its horse and truck. The question in the case is whether Murphy was the servant of the defendant or of the Western Electric Company. If he was not the servant of the defendant, the instructions given to the jury on the trial were incorrect, and the verdict for the plaintiff cannot stand. The pertinent facts are

Page 507

these: Pursuant to a contract by which the defendant was to furnish the Western Electric Company with a horse, truck, and driver daily to do its trucking work for a specified period at a specified price, the defendant each day selected from its men and equipment the horse, truck, and driver which were to be at the disposition of the Western Electric Company, and on the day the plaintiff was injured had sent Murphy with the horse and truck, which he was driving at the time. Murphy had taken a load of goods for the Western Electric Company, and was returning to its factory, when he ran over the plaintiff. Under these circumstances, although the Western Electric Company was the primary employer for whom the service which Murphy was engaged in was being rendered, the defendant was Murphy's immediate superior. It had hired him, and could discharge or retain him, and thus had the selection and control of the means of accomplishing the object of the contract which had been made between the Western Electric Company and itself. The defendant was not the servant or agent of the Western Electric Company, but was an independent contractor; hence those employed by the defendant to do the work contracted for were its servants, and not those of the Western Electric Company. Reedie v. Railroad Co., 4 Exch. 244; Blake v. Ferris, 5 N.Y. 48; Hilliard v. Richardson, 3 Gray, 349; Allen v. Willard, 57 Pa.St. 374; Scammon v. Chicago, 25 Ill. 424.

The rule of respondeat superior rests on the power which the superior has a right to exercise, and which, for the protection of third persons, he is bound to exercise, over the acts of his subordinates. It...

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