514 F.2d 738 (5th Cir. 1975), 74-1747, Real v. Simon

Docket Nº:74-1747.
Citation:514 F.2d 738
Party Name:Maria del Carmen Llanso de REAL, et al., Plaintiffs-Appellants, v. William E. SIMON, as Secretary of the Treasury of the United States of America, et al., Defendants-Appellees.
Case Date:June 12, 1975
Court:United States Courts of Appeals, Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit
 
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Page 738

514 F.2d 738 (5th Cir. 1975)

Maria del Carmen Llanso de REAL, et al., Plaintiffs-Appellants,

v.

William E. SIMON, as Secretary of the Treasury of the United

States of America, et al., Defendants-Appellees.

No. 74-1747.

United States Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit

June 12, 1975

Page 739

Joseph A. McGowan, Miami, Fla., for plaintiffs-appellants.

Robert W. Rust, U. S. Atty., Clemens Hagglund, Asst. U. S. Atty., Miami, Fla., William B. Saxbe, Atty. Gen., William Olson, Asst. Atty. Gen., Robert L. Kench, Benjamin C. Flannagan, Thaddeus B. Hodgdon, Jonathan B. Smith, Attys., U. S. Dept. of Justice, Washington, D. C., John O'Neill, Law Dept., New York City, for defendants-appellees.

Appeal from the United States District Court for the Southern District of Florida.

ON PETITION FOR REHEARING AND REHEARING EN BANC

(Opinion March 27, 1975, 5 Cir., 1975, 510 F.2d 557)

Before BELL, AINSWORTH and RONEY, Circuit Judges.

PER CURIAM:

In its Petition for Rehearing, the Government asks that we vacate our opinion herein. The Government asserts that it was justified in blocking the remaining portion of Urbano Real's estate because (1) there was a Cuban interest in the estate prior to the date of blocking, (2) there may be Cuban heirs or creditors who presently have an interest in the estate, or (3) the Cuban government could have some sovereign interest in the estate. These assertions are speculative, for the most part. For example, this case comes to us in a posture where no party disputes the Florida state court's determination that appellants are the only heirs of Urbano Real entitled to inherit his estate. More important, however, is the fact that under 31 C.F.R. §§ 515.319 and 515.327 (1974), the only stated basis for finding a Cuban interest in the estate which would justify blocking it is the interest of the decedent himself. We reaffirm our holding that this notion of "dead hand" control is arbitrary and without statutory authorization. We decline to decide whether the additional considerations, presented to us for the first time in this Petition for Rehearing, would justify the Government's action in this case. An agency's action must be upheld, if at all, "on the same basis articulated . . . by the agency itself." Burlington Truck Lines v. United...

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