521 F.3d 169 (2nd Cir. 2008), 06-5324, In re World Trade Center Disaster Site Litigation
|Docket Nº:||Docket No. 06-5324-cv.|
|Citation:||521 F.3d 169|
|Party Name:||In re WORLD TRADE CENTER DISASTER SITE LITIGATION. William D. McCue, Barry J. Albrecht, Maureen McCue, John Baiano, Vincent McNally, Gina McNally, Lisa Deneau, Janet Healy, Michael Spiller, Frances Hickey, Joseph Healy, Lori Malloy, Leah Spiller, Timothy Villari, Maria Villari, John F. Taggart, Theresa Taggart, William Quinlan, Bertha Quinlan, Jame|
|Case Date:||March 26, 2008|
|Court:||United States Courts of Appeals, Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit|
Argued: Oct. 1, 2007.
Interlocutory appeal from an order of the Southern District of New York (Hellerstein, J.), entered on October 18, 2006, denying Defendants' motions for judgment on the pleadings on immunity grounds under New York state law, and Defendants' motions for summary judgment on immunity grounds under federal law. Plaintiffs moved to dismiss the appeal for lack of jurisdiction under the final judgment rule. Appeal of the state defenses is dismissed, as the defenses do not fall under the collateral order doctrine. We have jurisdiction over the appeal of the federal defenses, as the Stafford Act confers immunity from suit, and affirm the district court's decision to deny Defendants' motions.
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James E. Tyrrell, Jr., Newark, NJ (Joseph E. Hopkins, James O. Copley, Jason W. Rockwell, Justin S. Strochlic, Jonathan M. Peck, Patton Boggs LLP, on the brief), for Defendants-Appellants The City of New York and its Contractors.
Richard A. Williamson, New York, N.Y. (M. Bradford Stein, Thomas A. Egan, Flemming Zulack Williamson Zauderer LLP, New York, NY, on the brief), for Defendant-Appellant The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey.
Kevin K. Russell, Washington, DC (Amy Howe, Howe & Russell, P.C., Washington, DC; Paul J. Napoli, William H. Groner, Denise A. Rubin, William J. Dubanevich, Christopher R. LoPalo, W. Steven Berman, Worby Groner Edelman & Napoli
Bern, LLP, East Meadow, NY, on the brief), for Plaintiffs-Appellees.
Brian J. Shoot, New York, N.Y. (Frank V. Floriani, Andrew J. Carboy, Susan M. Jaffe, Wendell Y. Tong, Sullivan Papain Block McGrath & Cannavo, P.C., New York, NY, on the brief), for Plaintiffs-Appellees.
Marion S. Mishkin, Law Office of Marion S. Mishkin, New York, NY, for Plaintiffs-Appellees John Montalvo and Darlene Montalvo, on behalf of the Non-Respiratory Injured Plaintiffs-Appellees.
Peter G. Verniero, Philip S. White, James M. Hirschhorn, David W. Kiefer, Sills Cummis Epstein & Gross, PC, New York, NY, for amici curiae Construction Industry, AIA New York State, Inc., et al., in support of Defendants-Appellants.
John C. Gillespie, Parker McCay P.A., Marlton, NJ, for amicus curiae International Municipal Lawyers Association, in support of Defendants-Appellants.
Eric F. Leon, Lee Ann Stevenson, Andrew R. Dunlap, Kirkland & Ellis LLP, New York, NY, Patrick F. Philbin, Kirkland & Ellis LLP, Washington, DC, for amicus curiae Verizon New York Inc., in support of Defendants-Appellants.
Cheryl A. Harris, Harris & Miranda, LLP, New York, NY, for amicus curiae Certain Members of the United States Congress, in support of Plaintiffs-Appellees.
Edward J. Groarke, Stephanie Suarez, Michael D. Bosso, Colleran, O'Hara & Mills, LLP, Garden City, NY, for amici curiae New York State AFL-CIO and Building and Construction Trades Council of Greater New York, in support of Plaintiffs-Appellees.
Larry Cary, Cary Kane LLP, New York, NY, for amicus curiae New York Committee for Occupational Safety and Health, in support of Plaintiffs-Appellees.
Before: Newman, Sotomayor, and Wesley, Circuit Judges.
Wesley, Circuit Judge
In this appeal, Defendants contend that the district court erred in denying their motions for judgment on the pleadings for immunity under New York state law, and their motions for summary judgment for immunity under federal law. We do not have jurisdiction over the state law immunity claims, as the immunity is from liability, not suit. We do have jurisdiction over the federal claims, and hold that the district court did not err in denying Defendants' motion with respect to these claims. We therefore DISMISS in part, and AFFIRM in part.
A. Procedural History
Plaintiffs are construction workers, firefighters, policemen, and others who were present during the clean-up of the World Trade Center after the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. In re World Trade Ctr. Disaster Site, 414 F.3d 352, 358 (2d Cir. 2005); In re World Trade Ctr. Disaster Site Litig., 456 F.Supp.2d 520, 557 (S.D.N.Y. 2006). Plaintiffs allege that they "were exposed to toxic fumes and gases and other hazardous conditions, and that they suffered respiratory injuries due to the failure of the City and the Port Authority to monitor those conditions and to provide them with adequate safety equipment, and/or to warn them of the hazards." In re World Trade Ctr. Disaster Site, 414 F.3d at 359.
Plaintiffs filed claims against the City of...
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