526 F.2d 86 (9th Cir. 1975), 75--1570, William Inglis & Sons Baking Co. v. ITT Continental Baking Co., Inc.

Docket Nº75--1570.
Citation526 F.2d 86
Party NameWILLIAM INGLIS & SONS BAKING CO., a corporation, Plaintiff-Appellant, v. ITT CONTINENTAL BAKING CO., INC., et al., Defendants-Appellees.
Case DateNovember 28, 1975
CourtUnited States Courts of Appeals, Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit

Page 86

526 F.2d 86 (9th Cir. 1975)

WILLIAM INGLIS & SONS BAKING CO., a corporation, Plaintiff-Appellant,

v.

ITT CONTINENTAL BAKING CO., INC., et al., Defendants-Appellees.

No. 75--1570.

United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit

November 28, 1975

Rehearing and Rehearing En Banc

Denied March 12, 1976.

Eugene C. Crew (argued), of Broad, Khourie & Schultz, Professional Corp., San Francisco, Cal., for plaintiff-appellant.

Charles E. Buffon (argued), of Covington & Burling, Washington, D.C., John T. Cusack (argued), of Gardner, Carton & Douglas, Chicago, Ill., Richard J. Archer (argued), of Sullivan, Jones &

Page 87

Archer, San Francisco, Cal., for defendants-appellees.

OPINION

Before BROWNING and CHOY, Circuit Judges, and SKOPIL, [*] District Judge.

SKOPIL, District Judge:

In 1971 William Inglis & Sons Baking Co. (Inglis) and four other wholesale baking companies filed this antitrust action against various competitors within relevant geographic markets in Washington, Oregon, and California. The complaint charged violations of §§ 1 and 2 of the Sherman Act, 15 U.S.C. §§ 1 and 2; § 2(a) of the Robinson-Patman Act, 15 U.S.C. § 13(a); §§ 3 and 7 of the Clayton Act, 15 U.S.C. §§ 14 and 18; and applicable state laws, including § 17000 et seq. of the California Unfair Practices Act (UPA), Cal.Bus. & Prof.Code § 17000 et seq.

In 1974 Inglis moved for a preliminary injunction in the Northern California market against five of the defendants: ITT Continental Baking Co., Inc., American Bakeries Company, Rainbo Baking Co. of Sacramento Valley, Kilpatrick's Bakeries, Inc., and San Joaquin Bakeries, Inc. The latter three defendants are subsidiaries of defendant Campbell Taggart, Inc. The preliminary injunction sought involved only alleged violations of § 2(a) of the Robinson-Patman Act and § 17000 et seq. of the California UPA.

The district court conducted extensive hearings on the motion, reviewed voluminous briefs submitted by the parties, and ordered preparation of cost studies by the defendants. On January 21, 1975, the court issued a memorandum opinion and order denying issuance of the preliminary injunction requested by Inglis. William Inglis & Sons Baking Co. v. ITT Continental Baking Co., Inc., 389 F.Supp. 1334 (N.D.Cal.1975). Plaintiff appeals from that denial pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1292(a)(1). We vacate and remand.

Our disposition of this case makes a detailed discussion of the facts unnecessary. Basically, plaintiff contends that the defendants are guilty of discriminatory and below-cost pricing of their 'private label' bread products. 1 As one of their defenses to these allegations, defendants assert that their bread prices were established in a good faith effort to meet competition. The meeting competition defense is a statutory defense to violations of both § 2(a) of the Robinson-Patman Act and the UPA. 2

The district court stated that a plaintiff is entitled to a preliminary injunction only if the court finds that (1) the plaintiff will suffer irreparable injury if injunctive relief is not granted, (2) the plaintiff will probably prevail on the merits, (3) in balancing the equities, the defendants will not be harmed more than plaintiff is helped by the injunction, and (4) granting the injunction is in the public interest. See Sierra Club v. Hickel, 433 F.2d 24, 33 (9th Cir. 1970), aff'd, 405 U.S. 727, 92 S.Ct. 1361, 31 L.Ed.2d 636 (1972); C. Tennant & Sons, Inc. v. New York Terminal Conference, 299

Page 88

F.Supp. 796, 798--799 (S.D.N.Y.1969). The district court denied the injunction sought in this case because of its

'serious reservations as to the probability of success on the merits. In brief, while the evolution of this market does indicate a tendency toward monopoly, the court is unconvinced that the purpose of defendants (sic) conduct was to injure competition or monopolize.' 389 F.Supp. at 1338.

Even assuming that Inglis had shown a prima facie...

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144 practice notes
  • 253 F.Supp.2d 1120 (N.D.Cal. 2003), 02-0400, J.K. Harris & Company, LLC v. Kassel
    • United States
    • Federal Cases United States District Courts 9th Circuit Northern District of California
    • March 28, 2003
    ...v. Loretto Winery, Ltd., 774 F.2d 1451, 1455 (9th Cir. 1985); see also William Inglis & Sons Baking Co. v. ITT Continental Baking Co., 526 F.2d 86, 88 (9th Cir. 1975); County of Alameda v. Weinberger, 520 F.2d 344, 349 (9th Cir. 1975). The test is a "continuum in which the required......
  • 565 F.2d 549 (9th Cir. 1977), 77-2301, Warm Springs Dam Task Force v. Gribble
    • United States
    • Federal Cases United States Courts of Appeals Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
    • November 23, 1977
    ...Sani-Tainer, Inc. (9th Cir. 1976) 542 F.2d 779, 780-81; William Inglis & Sons Baking Co. v. ITT Continental Baking Co. (9th Cir. 1975) 526 F.2d 86, 88. 3) Judicial review of the adequacy of an EIS is also circumscribed. The substantive decision whether to proceed with a project is commi......
  • 795 F.2d 1434 (9th Cir. 1986), 85-2329, Committee of Cent. American Refugees v. I.N.S.
    • United States
    • Federal Cases United States Courts of Appeals Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
    • July 31, 1986
    ...a fair chance of success on the merits. Benda, 584 F.2d at 314 (citing William Inglis & Sons Baking Co. v. ITT Continental Baking Co., 526 F.2d 86, 88 (9th Cir.1976)). Where, as here, a plaintiff seeks a mandatory preliminary injunction that goes beyond maintaining the status quo penden......
  • 897 F.2d 1572 (Fed. Cir. 1990), 89-1396, Atari Games Corp. v. Nintendo of America, Inc.
    • United States
    • Federal Cases United States Courts of Appeals Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit
    • March 7, 1990
    ...v. National Football League, 634 F.2d 1197, 1200 (9th Cir.1980); William Inglis & Sons Baking v. ITT Continental Baking Co. Inc., 526 F.2d 86, 87 (9th Cir.1975). A party may meet the burden under these four factors by demonstrating either: 1) a combination of probable success on the mer......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
144 cases
  • 253 F.Supp.2d 1120 (N.D.Cal. 2003), 02-0400, J.K. Harris & Company, LLC v. Kassel
    • United States
    • Federal Cases United States District Courts 9th Circuit Northern District of California
    • March 28, 2003
    ...v. Loretto Winery, Ltd., 774 F.2d 1451, 1455 (9th Cir. 1985); see also William Inglis & Sons Baking Co. v. ITT Continental Baking Co., 526 F.2d 86, 88 (9th Cir. 1975); County of Alameda v. Weinberger, 520 F.2d 344, 349 (9th Cir. 1975). The test is a "continuum in which the required......
  • 565 F.2d 549 (9th Cir. 1977), 77-2301, Warm Springs Dam Task Force v. Gribble
    • United States
    • Federal Cases United States Courts of Appeals Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
    • November 23, 1977
    ...Sani-Tainer, Inc. (9th Cir. 1976) 542 F.2d 779, 780-81; William Inglis & Sons Baking Co. v. ITT Continental Baking Co. (9th Cir. 1975) 526 F.2d 86, 88. 3) Judicial review of the adequacy of an EIS is also circumscribed. The substantive decision whether to proceed with a project is commi......
  • 795 F.2d 1434 (9th Cir. 1986), 85-2329, Committee of Cent. American Refugees v. I.N.S.
    • United States
    • Federal Cases United States Courts of Appeals Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
    • July 31, 1986
    ...a fair chance of success on the merits. Benda, 584 F.2d at 314 (citing William Inglis & Sons Baking Co. v. ITT Continental Baking Co., 526 F.2d 86, 88 (9th Cir.1976)). Where, as here, a plaintiff seeks a mandatory preliminary injunction that goes beyond maintaining the status quo penden......
  • 897 F.2d 1572 (Fed. Cir. 1990), 89-1396, Atari Games Corp. v. Nintendo of America, Inc.
    • United States
    • Federal Cases United States Courts of Appeals Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit
    • March 7, 1990
    ...v. National Football League, 634 F.2d 1197, 1200 (9th Cir.1980); William Inglis & Sons Baking v. ITT Continental Baking Co. Inc., 526 F.2d 86, 87 (9th Cir.1975). A party may meet the burden under these four factors by demonstrating either: 1) a combination of probable success on the mer......
  • Request a trial to view additional results