529 F.2d 170 (9th Cir. 1975), 74--1576, Dreibus v. Wilson
|Citation:||529 F.2d 170|
|Party Name:||Perry J. DREIBUS and Frank G. Coleman, on behalf of themselves and all other shareholders of Velvet Imports, Inc., a corporation, Plaintiffs and Appellants, v. Carlyle F. WILSON et al., Defendants and Appellees.|
|Case Date:||December 29, 1975|
|Court:||United States Courts of Appeals, Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit|
Ronald M. Bayer (argued), Los Angeles, Cal., for plaintiffs and appellants.
Joseph D. Mullender, Jr. (argued), of Ball, Hunt, Hart, Brown & Baerwitz, Beverly Hills, Cal., for defendants and appellees.
Before ELY, Circuit Judge, CARTER, Senior Circuit Judge, and EAST, Senior District Judge. [*]
EAST, Senior District Judge:
The plaintiffs-appellants Dreibus and Coleman (Dreibus Group), as owners of 50 percent of the capital stock of Velvet Imports, Inc., appeal from an order of the District Court dismissing their Clayton Act (15 U.S.C. § 15, et seq.) shareholders derivative action for damages and injunctive relief from alleged violations of § 1 (conspiracy, restraint of trade) and § 2 (monopoly) of the Sherman Act (15 U.S.C. §§ 1 and 2) by the defendants-appellees. We affirm.
FACTS AND RELATIONSHIPS OF THE PARTIES
The plaintiff Dreibus and one Cerf were the sole owners of the capital stock and were officers of American Wood Products, Inc. (American), a furniture manufacturing firm. Neither American nor any representative stockholder thereof is a party to this cause.
American needed velvet (fabric) for its use in manufacturing furniture. Velvet fabric allegedly is in short domestic supply and costly when imported.
Dreibus and Cerf conceived a profitable enterprise in securing a foreign source for American's needs in an importing business for resale to other buyers. They interested and brought in the defendants-appellees Wilson, Smith, and Gatti (Wilson Group) into the enterprise. It was agreed that upon the successful negotiation of a contract with an Italian fabric mill, a new corporation would be formed to administer the contract.
Dreibus and Cerf, with the aid of Gatti, were successful in obtaining a contract between an Italian firm, the defendant Rossitex, S.p.A., and American (Rossitex Contract) for the exclusive distributorship, within an unrestricted area, of a supply of 'Prince' (a trade name for a man-made fiber velvet fabric) quality velvet. The contract provided for minimum quantities to be purchased by American yearly. Pursuant to a prior understanding, the parties formed a new corporation, Velvet Imports, Inc. (Imports), with ownership of 50 percent of the capital stock to the Dreibus Group and 50 percent to the Wilson Group. The Rossitex Contract was assigned by American to Imports and each of the parties pledged to the other their faith-fulness, time, efforts, and expertise to the success of Imports.
Through some means not revealed in the record, the Dreibus Group lost out and the Wilson Group took over control and management of Imports' business.
CLAIMS OF THE DREIBUS GROUP
The Dreibus Group allege that the Wilson Group, with a coconspirator, Craftex Corporation (Craftex), 'contracted, agreed, combined and conspired to restrain the interstate and foreign commerce and trade in the importation and sale of velvet in the United States' in that they:
(a) Fraudulently induced the assignment of the Rossitex Contract to Imports;
(b) Caused the removal and exclusion of the Dreibus Group from participating in efficient management and sales activities of Imports and with the specific purpose of permitting the Rossitex Contract to lapse into default and inducing the Rossitex firm to cancel the Rossitex Contract for failure to order minimum quantities;
(c) Negotiated a new exclusive distributorship with Rossitex for the importation of the Rossitex firm's velvet, for the benefit of the Wilson Group and Craftex and to the
exclusion of the Dreibus Group; and
(d) Threatened future similar acts in restraint of competition by hindering and preventing Imports from purchasing velvet in Italy for exportation to the United States.
MOTIONS OF THE WILSON GROUP
Several of the Wilson Group moved for a dismissal of the action contending that the...
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