58 N.Y. 335, Taylor v. Dodd

Citation:58 N.Y. 335
Party Name:WILLIAM E. TAYLOR et al., Executors, etc., Appellants, v. MARIA DODD et al., Respondents.
Case Date:September 22, 1874
Court:New York Court of Appeals

Page 335

58 N.Y. 335

WILLIAM E. TAYLOR et al., Executors, etc., Appellants,

v.

MARIA DODD et al., Respondents.

New York Court of Appeal

September 22, 1874

Argued Jun. 19, 1874.

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COUNSEL

L. I. Burditt for the appellants. The legacies are not chargeable on the real estate or the proceeds thereof. (1 Story's Eq., 573; Hoes v. Van Hosen, 1 Comst., 120.) Real estate is not chargeable with the payment of legacies, unless the intent is expressly declared or to be clearly inferred from the will. ( Lupton v. Lupton, 2 J. Ch., 614;

Page 342

Reynolds v. Reynolds, 16 N.Y. 257; Myers v. Eddy, 47 Barb., 263; Harris v. Ely, 7 Paige, 421; Kinnier v. Rogers, 42 N.Y. 531; Babcock v. Stoddard, 3 N.Y. S. C., 207; Ballard v. Goffe, 20 Pick., 252; Archer v. Duncale, 1 Pet., 588.)The power of sale is permissive only, hence there could be no intention to blend the real and personal property. ( Allen v. De Witt, 3 Comst., 276, 282; White v. Howard, 46 N.Y. 144, 162; Harris v. Clark, 3 Seld., 242.) The title of the real property was in the heirs after the testator's death. ( Kinnier v. Rogers, 42 N.Y. 531, 536; Wright v. Trustees, etc., Hoff. Ch., 202, 218-221.) An intent to change the character of the estate will not be presumed. ( Allen v. De Witt, 3 Comst., 276.) No acts of the executors, subsequent to the vesting of title in the heirs, can divest their title to the proceeds. ( Kinnier v. Rogers, 42 N.Y. 536; Walker v. Denne, 2 Ves. Jr., 184; Fowler v. Depau, 26 Barb., 224.) The articles specifically bequeathed should be applied in payment of debts if the other personal assets are insufficient. (Williams Exrs., 796, 1174; Knight v. Garborough, 4 Rand., 566; McAllister v. Montgomery, 3 Heyw., 94.)

Nathaniel C. Moak for the respondents. The intent of the testator to charge the payment of the legacies upon the real as well as his personal estate sufficiently appears and the intent should be carried out. ( Christie v. Phyfe, 19 N.Y. 344-348; Dubois v. Ray, 35 Id., 162; R. C. Ch. v. Wacher, 42 Barb., 42-44; Myers v. Eddy, 47 Id., 264; Ripple v. Ripple, 1 Rawle, 386; Jarman on Wills, 742, 745; Van Winkle v. Van Houten, 2 Green Ch., 172, 186.) To ascertain the intent the surrounding circumstances may be looked at. ( French v. Carhart, 1 N.Y. , 96, 102; Winchester v. Osborn, 62 Barb., 338.) The intent when found to exist in any form, whether express or implied, will be carried out. ( Reynolds v. Reynolds, 16 N.Y. 259; Shulters v. Johnson, 38 Barb., 80; Lupton v. Lupton, 2 J. Ch., 614; Harris v. Ely, 7 Paige, 421; R. C. Ch. v. Wacher, 42 Barb., 44; Myers v. Eddy, 47 Id., 264; Hoes v. Van Hoesen, 1 N.Y. , 120;

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Allan v. Gott, 2 Eng., 333; Ripple v. Ripple, 1 Rawle, 386; Witman v. Norton, 6 Binn., 395; Hossmelner v. Tucker, 2 Id., 525; Hatch v. Bassett, 52 N.Y. 359.)The court will not adopt such a construction as will create an intestacy if it can be avoided. ( Wadley v. North, 3 Ves., 361; Royle v. Hamilton, 4 Id., 437.) Where personalty is grossly insufficient to pay debts and legacies slight indications will raise an implied intent to charge the realty. (Perry on Trusts, § 570; Shulters v. Johnson, 38 Barb., 80; Tracy v. Tracy, 15 Id., 503; Rafferty v. Clark, 1 Bradf., 474; Dey v. Dey, 19 N. J., 140.) The provision of the will as to sales sufficiently shows the intent. ( Bogert v. Hestell, 4 Hill, 492; Bunce v. Vandergrift, 8 Paige, 37; Greville v. Brown, 7 H. of L., 689; Rugg v. Jackson, 1 N.Y. , 206; March v. Wheeler, 2 Edw. Ch., 156; Lewis v. Darling, 16 How. [ U. S.], 1; Peters v. Beverly, 10 Pet., 582; McLaughlin v. McLaughlin, 30 Barb., 468; Witman v. Norton, 6 Binn., 395.) There has been a legal conversion of real into personal estate and the proceeds are assets for the payment of debts and legacies. ( Erwin v. Loper, 43 N.Y. 531; Horton v. McCoy, 47 Id., 21; White v. Howard, 46 Id., 144; Moncrief v. Ross, 50 Id., 481; Phelps v. Pond, 23 Id., 69; Van Vechten v. Van Vechten, 8 Paige, 105; Horton v. Case, 2 Barb. Ch., 506.) The directions that some of the legacies be paid "out of my estate" are sufficient to charge them upon the whole estate. ( McLaughlin v. McLaughlin, 30 Barb., 468.) Where some legacies are chargeable on real estate and others not, the former will be paid exclusively from the realty. (1 Story's Eq., § 566; Willard's Eq., 568, 569; Perry on...

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65 practice notes
  • 220 S.W. 52 (Ark. 1920), 308, Phillips v. Phillips
    • United States
    • Arkansas Supreme Court of Arkansas
    • 5 Abril 1920
    ...88 Id. 1; 3 Pom. Eq. Jur., § 1154, note; 97 Ark. 588; 113 Id. 404. See also 9 Peters (U. S.) 461; 61 N.H. 144; 5 N.J.Eq. 629; 33 Id. 476; 58 N.Y. 335; 87 Me. 63; 62 Ill.App. 611; 84 N.W. 1039; 71 N.E. 903; 163 Ind. 311. 6. If the court differs from us and holds the court had jurisdiction, t......
  • 138 Misc. 889, In re Smallman's Will
    • United States
    • 16 Enero 1931
    ...of the rule respecting specific legacies and one of the resulting consequences are aptly stated by the Court of Appeals in Taylor v. Dodd (58 N.Y. 335, at p. 349): 'It is the rule that specific legatees can only be called upon by the executor for abatement, upon the failure of the general p......
  • 157 Misc. 873, In re Tiffany's Estate
    • United States
    • 11 Diciembre 1935
    ...the legacies should be paid (Bevan v. Cooper, 72 N.Y. 317), and that they were not meant to be nugatory or unavailing. (Taylor v. Dodd, 58 N.Y. 335.) The language of this will, construed by the aid of the surrounding circumstances, reveals such intention juristically and justifies a finding......
  • 219 N.Y. 295, Carley v. Harper
    • United States
    • New York New York Court of Appeals
    • 21 Noviembre 1916
    ...except such as was specifically devised or bequeathed, to be applied to the payment of all legacies given by her will. (Taylor v. Dodd, 58 N.Y. 335; Kalbfleisch v. Kalbfleisch, 67 N.Y. 354; Le Fevre v. Toole, 84 N.Y. 95; Hoyt v. Hoyt, 85 N.Y. 142; Scott v. Stebbins, 91 N.Y. 605.) At the tim......
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65 cases
  • 220 S.W. 52 (Ark. 1920), 308, Phillips v. Phillips
    • United States
    • Arkansas Supreme Court of Arkansas
    • 5 Abril 1920
    ...88 Id. 1; 3 Pom. Eq. Jur., § 1154, note; 97 Ark. 588; 113 Id. 404. See also 9 Peters (U. S.) 461; 61 N.H. 144; 5 N.J.Eq. 629; 33 Id. 476; 58 N.Y. 335; 87 Me. 63; 62 Ill.App. 611; 84 N.W. 1039; 71 N.E. 903; 163 Ind. 311. 6. If the court differs from us and holds the court had jurisdiction, t......
  • 138 Misc. 889, In re Smallman's Will
    • United States
    • 16 Enero 1931
    ...of the rule respecting specific legacies and one of the resulting consequences are aptly stated by the Court of Appeals in Taylor v. Dodd (58 N.Y. 335, at p. 349): 'It is the rule that specific legatees can only be called upon by the executor for abatement, upon the failure of the general p......
  • 157 Misc. 873, In re Tiffany's Estate
    • United States
    • 11 Diciembre 1935
    ...the legacies should be paid (Bevan v. Cooper, 72 N.Y. 317), and that they were not meant to be nugatory or unavailing. (Taylor v. Dodd, 58 N.Y. 335.) The language of this will, construed by the aid of the surrounding circumstances, reveals such intention juristically and justifies a finding......
  • 219 N.Y. 295, Carley v. Harper
    • United States
    • New York New York Court of Appeals
    • 21 Noviembre 1916
    ...except such as was specifically devised or bequeathed, to be applied to the payment of all legacies given by her will. (Taylor v. Dodd, 58 N.Y. 335; Kalbfleisch v. Kalbfleisch, 67 N.Y. 354; Le Fevre v. Toole, 84 N.Y. 95; Hoyt v. Hoyt, 85 N.Y. 142; Scott v. Stebbins, 91 N.Y. 605.) At the tim......
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