6 F.3d 88 (3rd Cir. 1993), 92-3450, Loughman v. Consol-Pennsylvania Coal Co.

Docket Nº:John W. YESENOSKY, Jr.; Linda M. Yesenosky, Appellants in No. 92-3450,
Citation:6 F.3d 88
Party Name:Dorothy LOUGHMAN v. CONSOL-PENNSYLVANIA COAL COMPANY, a corp.; Rhein Braun U.S., a corp.; Monongahela Railway Company, a corp.; James Leach, an individual; David Boggs, an indiv.; Ewing Pollock, an indiv.; and the law firm of Pollock, Pollock and Thomas; The Upshur Agency, Inc.; Consolidated Coal Company; Consol-Land Development Company; Rheinbraun
Case Date:September 13, 1993
Court:United States Courts of Appeals, Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit
 
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6 F.3d 88 (3rd Cir. 1993)

Dorothy LOUGHMAN

v.

CONSOL-PENNSYLVANIA COAL COMPANY, a corp.; Rhein Braun

U.S., a corp.; Monongahela Railway Company, a corp.; James

Leach, an individual; David Boggs, an indiv.; Ewing

Pollock, an indiv.; and the law firm of Pollock,

Pollock and Thomas; The Upshur Agency, Inc.;

Consolidated Coal Company; Consol-Land Development Company;

Rheinbraun Verkaufsgesellschaft, MBLT; and Maria Therese

Verkaufsgesellschaft; Maria Theresia Bergbaugesellschaft,

MBH; Rheinische Braunkohlenwerk;

Ewing Pollock and The Law Firm of Pollock, Pollock and

Thomas, Appellants in No. 92-3380.

Paul KENT; Mabel Kent, Appellants in No. 92-3437,

v.

CONSOL-PENNSYLVANIA COAL COMPANY, a corp.; Rhein Braun

U.S., a corp.; Monongahela Railway Company, a corp.; James

Leach, an ind.; David Boggs, an ind.; Ewing Pollock, an

ind.; and the law firm of Pollock, Pollock and Thomas; The

Upshur Agency Inc.; Consolidated Coal Co.; Consol-Land

Development Co.; Maria Theresia Bergbaugesellschaft MBH;

Rheinische Braunkohlenwerk;

James McINTYRE; Glenna McIntyre, Appellants in No. 92-3438,

v.

CONSOL-PENNSYLVANIA COAL COMPANY, a corp.; Rhein Braun

U.S., a corp.; Monongahela Railway Company, a corp.; Mike

Wilson, an ind.; James Leach, an ind.; David Boggs, an

ind.; Ewing Pollock, an ind.; and the law firm of Pollock,

Pollock and Thomas; The Upshur Agency, Inc.; Consolidated

Coal Co.; Consol-Land Development Co.; Maria Theresia

Bergbaugesellschaft, MBH; Rheinische Braunkohlenwerk;

Mark E. HEADLEE; Charlotte Headlee, Appellants in No. 92-3439,

v.

CONSOL-PENNSYLVANIA COAL COMPANY, a corporation; Rhein

Braun U.S., a corporation; Monongahela Railway Company, a

corp.; James Leach, an ind.; David Boggs, an ind.; Ewing

Pollock, an ind.; and the law firm of Pollock, Pollock and

Thomas; The Upshur Agency, Inc.; Consolidated Coal Co.;

Consol-Land Development Co.; Maria Theresia

Bergbaugesellschaft MBH; Rheinische Braunkohlenwerk.

Dorothy LOUGHMAN,

v.

CONSOL-PENNSYLVANIA COAL COMPANY, a corporation; Rhein

Braun U.S., a corporation; Monongahela Railway Company, a

corp.; James Leach, an ind.; David Boggs, an ind.; Ewing

Pollock, an ind.; and the law firm of Pollock, Pollock and

Thomas; The Upshur Agency, Inc.; Consolidated Coal Co.;

Consol-Land Development Co.; Rheinbraun

Verkaufsgesellschaft, MBLT; and Maria Theresia

Bergbaugesellschaft, MBH; Rheinische Braunkohlenwerk;

Consol Pennsylvania Coal Co.; Consol-Land Development Co.,

Consolidation Coal Co., The Monongahela Railway Co., Maria

Theresia Bergbaugesellschaft, Rheinbraun U.S. and Rheinische

Braunkohlenwerk, Appellants in No. 92-3444.

Dorothy LOUGHMAN, Appellant in No. 92-3445,

v.

CONSOL-PENNSYLVANIA COAL COMPANY, a corporation; Rhein

Braun U.S., a corporation; Monongahela Railway Company, a

corp.; James Leach, an ind.; David Boggs, an ind.; Ewing

Pollock, an ind.; and the law firm of Pollock, Pollock and

Thomas; The Upshur Agency, Inc.; Consolidated Coal Co.;

Consol-Land Development Co.; Rheinbraun

Verkaufsgesellschaft, MBLT; and Maria Theresia

Bergbaugesellschaft, MBH; Rheinische Braunkohlenwerk.

Larry LEVINE; Dan Levine; Morris Levine; Edward

Levine, individuals; and Morris Levine

Enterprises, Inc., a corporation; and

Levine Iron and Metal, Inc., a

corporation,

v.

CONSOL-PENNSYLVANIA COAL COMPANY, a corporation; Rhein

Braun U.S., a corporation; Monongahela Railway Company, a

corp.; James Leach, an ind.; David Boggs, an ind.; Ewing

Pollock, an ind.; and the law firm of Pollock, Pollock and

Thomas; The Upshur Agency, Inc.; Consolidated Coal Co.;

Consol-Land Development Co.; Rheinbraun

Verkaufsgesellschaft, MBLT; Maria Therese

Verkaufsgesellschaft, MBLT; and Maria Theresia

Bergbaugesellschaft, MBH; Rheinische Braunkohlenwerk;

Larry Levine, Dan Levine, Morris Levine, Morris Levine

Enterprises, Inc., and Levine Iron and Metal,

Inc., Appellants in No. 92-3446.

James E. HUGHES; Linda L. Hughes, Appellants in No. 92-3447,

v.

CONSOL-PENNSYLVANIA COAL COMPANY, a corporation; Rhein

Braun U.S., a corporation; Monongahela Railway Company, a

corp.; William Reese, an ind.; David Boggs, an ind.;

Ewing Pollock, an ind.; and the law firm of Pollock,

Pollock and Thomas; The Upshur Agency, Inc.; Consolidated

Coal Co.; Consol-Land Development Co.; and Maria Theresia

Bergbaugesellschaft, MBH; Rheinische Braunkohlenwerk.

John W. YESENOSKY, Jr.; Linda M. Yesenosky, Appellants in No. 92-3450,

v.

CONSOL-PENNSYLVANIA COAL COMPANY, a corporation; Rhein

Braun U.S., a corporation; Monongahela Railway Company, a

corp.; William Reese, an ind.; David Boggs, an ind.;

Ewing Pollock, an ind.; and the law firm of Pollock,

Pollock and Thomas; The Upshur Agency, Inc.; Consolidated

Coal Co.; Consol-Land Development Co.; Rheinbraun

Verkaufsgesellschaft, MBLT; Maria Therese

Verkaufsgesellschaft, MBLT; and Maria Theresia

Bergbaugesellschaft, MBH; Rheinische Braunkohlenwerk.

Thomas J. ALLEN, Esquire, Personal Representative of the

Estate of John T. Throckmorten, Appellant in No. 92-3451,

v.

CONSOL-PENNSYLVANIA COAL COMPANY, a corporation; Rhein

Braun U.S., a corporation; Monongahela Railway Company, a

corp.; James Leach, an ind.; David Boggs, an ind.; Ewing

Pollock, an ind.; and the law firm of Pollock, Pollock and

Thomas; The Upshur Agency, Inc.; Consolidated Coal Co.;

Consol-Land Development Co.; Rheinbraun

Verkaufsgesellschaft, MBLT; Maria Therese

Verkaufsgesellschaft, MBLT; and Maria Theresia

Bergbaugesellschaft, MBH; Rheinische Braunkohlenwerk.

Nos. 92-3380, 92-3437 to 92-3439, 92-3444 to 92-3447,

92-3450 and 92-3451.

United States Court of Appeals, Third Circuit

September 13, 1993

Argued May 12, 1993.

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Louis M. Tarasi, Jr. (argued), Joseph J. Hinchliffe, Tarasi & Johnson, P.C., Pittsburgh, PA, David C. Hook, Hook & Hook, Waynesburg, PA, for Dorothy Loughman, Mabel Kent, James McIntyre, Glenna McIntyre, Mark Headlee, Charlotte Headlee, Larry Levine, Dan Levine, Morris Levine, Morris Levine Enterprises, Inc., Levine Iron and Metal, Inc., James Hughes, Linda Hughes, John W. Yesenosky, Jr., Linda M. Yesenosky, Thomas J. Allen.

Joseph A. Katarincic (argued), Terrence J. O'Rourke, Kenwyn Anne Fuller, Katarincic & Salmon, Pittsburgh, PA, for Consol-Pennsylvania Coal Co., Consolidation Coal Co., Consol Land Development Co., The Monongahela Railway Co., Rheinische Braunkohlenwerk, A.G. Rheinbraun U.S. Corporation,

Page 93

and Maria Theresia Bergbaugesellschaft, MBH.

Kathryn L. Simpson (argued), Vincent J. Grogan, Grogan, Graffam, McGinley & Lucchino, Pittsburgh, PA, for Ewing Pollock and Law Firm of Pollock, Pollock, and Thomas.

Joseph D. Becker, Becker, Glynn, Melamed & Muffly, New York City, for Rhein Braun U.S., and Maria Theresia Bergbaugesellschaft, MBH.

James F. Manley, Burns, Manley & Little, Pittsburgh, PA, for David Boggs, Upshur Agency, Inc.

Before: BECKER, HUTCHINSON, and ROTH, Circuit Judges.

OPINION OF THE COURT

BECKER, Circuit Judge.

This is the second time this case has been before us. SeeHughes v. Consol-Pennsylvania Coal Co., 945 F.2d 594, 617-18 (3d Cir.1991), cert. denied, --- U.S. ----, 112 S.Ct. 2300, 119 L.Ed.2d 224 (1992). Plaintiffs were owners of rural land in southwestern Pennsylvania which they sold for the construction of a railroad to service a major new coal mining operation. Defendants include the coal and railroad companies that were involved in the venture, the realty company that assisted in the acquisition of the land, individual employees of the realty company, and a lawyer (along with his law firm) who handled the land closings for the purchasers, but who also gave legal advice about one of the land transactions to a plaintiff seller. 1 The jury found that the defendants conspired to procure, through fraud, the plaintiffs' land at unfairly low prices, that the lawyers had committed malpractice, and that various defendants also were liable for common law fraud and federal civil RICO violations. They made large compensatory and punitive damage awards.

Following the jury verdicts, but before entry of judgment on those verdicts, the district court sua sponte dismissed the legal malpractice claim. On February 25, 1987, the court entered judgments on the verdict for the plaintiffs. Responding to various post-trial motions, the court vacated, then reinstated, and then re-vacated the RICO judgments. The court also vacated the jury award in its entirety and ordered a new trial on damages. After several more procedural twists and turns, a retrial was held on both punitive and compensatory damages, and new damage awards were entered in favor of the plaintiffs.

On appeal, this court reversed, holding, inter alia, that: (1) the district court had abused its discretion in setting aside the first damage award and ordering a new trial on damages; (2) the first award of punitive damages was supported by the record; (3) the malpractice verdict against the attorneys should be reinstated; and (4) the district court properly granted judgment n.o.v. on the civil RICO claims. Seeid. at 617-18. Our judgment, entered on December 30, 1991, vacated the judgments entered on the second damage awards and remanded the cases to the district court "with instruction to reinstate the first awards returned by the jury." 2

The ten appeals and cross-appeals currently before us present three questions. First...

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