638 Fed.Appx. 755 (10th Cir. 2016), 14-7010, Reece v. AES Corp.

Docket Nº:14-7010
Citation:638 Fed.Appx. 755
Opinion Judge:Jerome A. Holmes, Circuit Judge
Party Name:WILLIAM REECE; DIANE REECE; HERMAN TOLBERT; BENNETT TANKSLEY; SUSAN HOLMES; CHARLES TACKETT, as individuals and as representatives for those seeking redress for damages, Plaintiffs - Appellants, v. AES CORPORATION, a Delaware corporation; AES SHADY POINT, INC., a Delaware corporation; AES SHADY POINT, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company; ...
Attorney:WILLIAM REECE, DIANE REECE, HERMAN TOLBERT, BENNETT TANKSLEY, SUSAN HOLMES, CHARLES TACKETT, Plaintiffs - Appellants: Clark Otto Brewster, Montgomery Loyd Lair, Brewster & De Angelis; J. Randall Miller, Miller Law Group, Tulsa, OK. AES CORPORATION, AES SHADY POINT, INC., AES SHADY POINT, LLC, MOU...
Judge Panel:Before HOLMES, MATHESON, and McHUGH, Circuit Judges.
Case Date:February 09, 2016
Court:United States Courts of Appeals, Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit
 
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Page 755

638 Fed.Appx. 755 (10th Cir. 2016)

WILLIAM REECE; DIANE REECE; HERMAN TOLBERT; BENNETT TANKSLEY; SUSAN HOLMES; CHARLES TACKETT, as individuals and as representatives for those seeking redress for damages, Plaintiffs - Appellants,

v.

AES CORPORATION, a Delaware corporation; AES SHADY POINT, INC., a Delaware corporation; AES SHADY POINT, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company; MMHF, LLC, an Oklahoma limited liability company, a/k/a Making Money Having Fun, LLC, a/k/a Clean Hydro Reclamation, a/k/a Clean Hydro Evacuation, LLC; THUMBS UP RANCH, LLC, an Oklahoma limited liability company; DARYL J. JACKSON, individually, d/b/a Daryl Jackson Trucking; KEVIN J. JACKSON, an individual; KENNETH JACKSON, an individual; CHAD JACKSON, an individual; MOUNTAIN MINERALS, INC., a Delaware corporation; BRAZIL CREEK MINERALS, INC., an Oklahoma corporation; GCI MINING, an Oklahoma corporation, d/b/a George Colliers, Inc.; ASH GROVE RESOURCES, LLC, a Kansas limited liability company; FARRELL-COOPER MINING COMPANY, an Arkansas corporation; COAL CREEK MINERALS, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company; MCCORKLE TRUCK LINE, INC., an Oklahoma corporation; STAR BULK, a Texas corporation, a/k/a PX Transportation, Inc.; SEECO, INC., an Arkansas corporation, a/k/a SWN Production Company, a/k/a Southwest Energy Production Company, Inc., a/k/a Southwest Oil & Gas Company; XTO ENERGY, INC., a Delaware corporation; R& J TRUCKING, INC., an Oklahoma corporation; CHESAPEAKE OPERATING, INC., an Oklahoma corporation; PETROHAWK OPERATING COMPANY, a Texas corporation; STEPHENS PRODUCTION COMPANY, an Arkansas corporation; HIGHLAND OIL & GAS, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company; CHOLLA PETROLEUM, INC., a Texas corporation; HANNA OIL & GAS COMPANY, an Arkansas corporation; ROSS PRODUCTION COMPANY, an Arkansas corporation, a/k/a Ross Production Co., a/k/a McCord Oil Company, a/k/a Ross Explorations, Inc.; SHIELDS OPERATING, INC., an Arkansas corporation; BP AMERICA PRODUCTION COMPANY, a Delaware corporation; HOGBACK EXPLORATION, INC., an Arkansas corporation; SEDNA ENERGY, INC., an Arkansas corporation; GRACO FISHING & RENTAL TOOLS, INC., an Oklahoma corporation; TXD TRANSPORT, LP, a foreign limited partnership; BEAR PRODUCTIONS, INC., an Oklahoma corporation; BIG MAC TANK TRUCKS, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company, a/k/a Oklahoma Big Mac Tank Trucks, LLC; B& B GAS WELL SERVICES, LLC, an Oklahoma limited liability company; MIKE KREBBS CONSTRUCTIONS, INC., an Oklahoma corporation; BEAR TRANSPORTS, LLC, an Oklahoma limited liability company, Defendants - Appellees, and BISHOP TRUCKING, an Oklahoma corporation, Defendant

No. 14-7010

United States Court of Appeals, Tenth Circuit

February 9, 2016

Page 756

(D.C. No. 6:12-CV-00457-JH). (E.D. Okla.).

WILLIAM REECE, DIANE REECE, HERMAN TOLBERT, BENNETT TANKSLEY, SUSAN HOLMES, CHARLES TACKETT, Plaintiffs - Appellants: Clark Otto Brewster, Montgomery Loyd Lair, Brewster & De Angelis; J. Randall Miller, Miller Law Group, Tulsa, OK.

AES CORPORATION, AES SHADY POINT, INC., AES SHADY POINT, LLC, MOUNTAIN MINERALS, INC., COAL CREEK MINERALS, LLC, Defendants - Appellees: James M. Reed, Michael E. Smith, Sharon Thomas, Hall, Estill, Hardwick, Gable, Golden & Nelson, P.C., Oklahoma City, OK.

MMHF, LLC, THUMBS UP RANCH, LLC, DARYL J. JACKSON, KEVIN J. JACKSON, KENNETH JACKSON, CHAD JACKSON, Defendants - Appellees: Jon Edward Brightmire, Esq., N. Lance Bryan, Linda Crook Martin, Doerner, Saunders, Daniel & Anderson, Tulsa, OK.

BRAZIL CREEK MINERALS, INC., FARRELL-COOPER MINING COMPANY, Defendants - Appellees: Sherry Perkins Bartley, Mitchell Williams, Little Rock, AR; Pine Drewyor, Drewyor Law Firm, Bentonville, AR.

GCI MINING, Defendant - Appellee: Floyd James, III, Law Office of Green, Johnson & Mumina, Oklahoma City, OK.

ASH GROVE RESOURCES, LLC, Defendant - Appellee: Sean Higgins, Wilson Elser Moskowitz Edelman & Dicker, Houston, TX.

MARINE COAL SALES COMPANY, HUNTER RIDGE COAL COMPANY, INTERNATIONAL COAL GROUP, LLC, Defendants - Appellees: Charles D. Neal, Jr., Tulsa, OK; D. Alan Rudlin, Hunton & Williams, Richmond, VA.

MCCORKLE TRUCK LINE, INC., Defendant - Appellee: Robert E. Applegate, Esq., Robert P. Coffey, Jr., Coffey Senger & McDaniel; Philard L. Rounds, Jr., Holden & Carr, Tulsa, OK.

STAR BULK, Defendant - Appellee: Reagan Madison Fort, William David Perrine, Esq., Perrine, McGivern, Redemann, Reid, Berry & Taylor, Tulsa, OK.

SEECO, INC., CHESAPEAKE OPERATING, INC., PETROHAWK OPERATING COMPANY, ROSS PRODUCTION COMPANY, Defendants - Appellees: Timothy J. Bomhoff, Jodi Warmbrod Dishman, McAfee & Taft, Oklahoma City; William S. Leach, McAfee & Taft, Tulsa, OK.

XTO ENERGY, INC., Defendant - Appellee: Russell Rhea Barton, Michael V. Fitzpatrick, Andrew Duncan Sims, Harris, Finley & Bogle, Fort Worth, TX; Lisa A. Paulson, Shannon H. Ratliff, Ratliff Law Firm, Austin, TX.

R& J TRUCKING, INC., Defendant - Appellee: Jason David Smith, Smith Law Firm, Jay, OK.

STEPHENS PRODUCTION COMPANY, Defendant - Appellee: Clinton D. Russell, R. Stratton Taylor, Taylor Burrage Foster Mallett Downs Ramsey & Russell, Claremore, OK.

HIGHLAND OIL & GAS, LLC, Defendant - Appellee: Thomas M. Ladner, Ladner & Eldredge, Tulsa, OK.

CHOLLA PETROLEUM, INC., Defendant - Appellee: Carlton Ryan Norton, Hardin, Jesson & Terry, Fort Smith, AR.

HANNA OIL & GAS COMPANY, SHIELDS OPERATING, INC., Defendants - Appellees: C. Michael Daily, Daily & Woods, Fort Smith, AR.

BP AMERICA PRODUCTION COMPANY, Defendant - Appellee: Stacy L. Acord, Archer Scott McDaniel, McDaniel Acord, Tulsa, OK.

HOGBACK EXPLORATION, INC., Defendant - Appellee: Rick Westcott, Tulsa, OK.

SEDNA ENERGY, INC., Defendant - Appellee: Truman B. Rucker, Jr., Tulsa, OK.

GRACO FISHING & RENTAL TOOLS, INC., Defendant - Appellee: John Dillon Curran, Jared D. Giddens, Esq., Adam Montessi, Conner & Winters, LLP, Oklahoma City, OK.

TXD TRANSPORT, LP, Defendant - Appellee: Mark K. Stonecipher, Fellers Snider Blankenship Bailey & Tippens, Oklahoma City, OK.

BEAR PRODUCTIONS, INC., BEAR TRANSPORTS, LLC, Defendants - Appellees: Shannon Davis, Todd Maxwell Henshaw, David Wayne Wulfers, James, Potts & Wulfers, Inc., Tulsa, OK.

BIG MAC TANK TRUCKS, LLC, Defendant - Appellee: Stephen R. Palmer, Holden & Carr, Tulsa, OK; Daniel K. Zorn, Collins Zorn & Wagner, Oklahoma City, OK.

B& B GAS WELL SERVICES, LLC, BISHOP TRUCKING, Defendants - Appellees: Brian R. McLaughlin, Stone Sanders, McLaughlin & Sanders, PLLC, Stigler, OK.

MIKE KREBBS CONSTRUCTIONS, INC., Defendant - Appellee: Warren Gotcher, Gotcher and Beaver, McAlester, OK.

Before HOLMES, MATHESON, and McHUGH, Circuit Judges.

Page 757

ORDER AND JUDGMENT [*]

Jerome A. Holmes, Circuit Judge

Plaintiffs-Appellants William and Diane Reece, Herman Tolbert, Bennett Tanksley, Susan Holmes, and Charles Tackett (collectively, " Plaintiffs" ) filed a petition in the District Court for LeFlore County, Oklahoma, asserting a putative class action.1 They alleged that several companies (collectively, " Defendants" ) were responsible for environmental pollution stemming from the generation and disposal of coal-combustion waste (" CCW" ) and fluid waste from oil and gas drilling (" produced fluid waste" or " PFW" ). Defendants removed the case to the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Oklahoma under the Class Action Fairness Act (" CAFA" ). Plaintiffs filed two motions to remand, and the district court denied them both. Furthermore, after affording Plaintiffs two opportunities to cure factual deficiencies in their complaint, the district court dismissed their complaint for failure to state plausible claims for strict liability, negligence per se, and negligence.

On appeal, Plaintiffs challenge the district court's denial of their two motions for remand and also its dismissal of their amended complaint. Because we agree with the district court's disposition of the remand motions and conclude that Plaintiffs failed to adequately allege the element of injury in their amended complaint, we affirm the district court's judgment.

Page 758

I

A

This case involves a putative class action alleging a variety of tort claims against several companies involved in the generation, transportation, and disposal of CCW and PFW near Bokoshe, Oklahoma.

Plaintiffs, the putative class representatives, filed their lawsuit in the District Court for LeFlore County, Oklahoma in October 2011. The petition alleged that " the transport, storage and disposal of waste materials from a coal-burning power plant and oil and gas drilling operations ha[d] resulted in millions of tons of waste material being transported and deposited in a huge pile at [a waste disposal facility] which present[ed] serious public health and environmental risks." Aplee. Supp. App. at 460-61 (Petition, dated Oct. 6, 2011). The petition included claims for strict liability, nuisance, trespass, negligence, negligence per se...

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