733 F.2d 1562 (11th Cir. 1984), 82-3142, Love v. Turlington
|Citation:||733 F.2d 1562|
|Party Name:||Renita LOVE, on behalf of herself and others similarly situated, Plaintiff-Appellant, v. Ralph D. TURLINGTON, as Commissioner of Education; Florida State Board of Education, Governor Robert Graham, Etc., Et Al., Defendants-Appellees.|
|Case Date:||June 11, 1984|
|Court:||United States Courts of Appeals, Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit|
Stephen F. Hanlon, Robert Shapiro, Tampa, Fla., Diana Pullin, Robert Pressman, Center for Law & Educ., Cambridge, Mass., Stephen Cotton, Center for Law & Education, Inc., Cambridge, Mass., for plaintiff-appellant.
Judith A. Brechner, Deputy Gen. Counsel, Tallahassee, Fla., for State Bd. of Educ.
B. Edwin Johnson, Clearwater, Fla., for School Bd. of Pinellas County.
Appeal from the United States District Court for the Middle District of Florida.
Before GODBOLD, Chief Judge, RONEY and KRAVITCH, Circuit Judges.
RONEY, Circuit Judge:
Plaintiff Renita Love appeals the district court's denial of class certification in this action challenging the constitutionality of the SSAT-I (State Student Assessment Test), a basic skills test administered to eleventh graders throughout the state of Florida. The SSAT-I is designed to identify students who have not mastered one or more of the minimum performance standards defined in regulations promulgated pursuant to statute. See Fla.Stat. Sec. 232.246(1)(a); Fla.Admin.Code Rule 6A-1.942(1)(d). Students who fail the test are targeted for remedial assistance. A disproportionately large number of these students are black.
Plaintiff contends that the state's use of the SSAT-I to create a pool of students "at risk" of not receiving a diploma carries forward prior racial discrimination suffered by black students who attended inferior
schools in the dual school system, and that inadequate notice was given regarding the test and its objectives.
We hold that the district court did not abuse its discretion in denying class certification on grounds that the commonality and typicality required by Fed.R.Civ.P. 23(a)(2) and (3) are absent in this case. The district judge had before him the uncontested affidavits presented by the defendant which specified that (1) passage of the SSAT-I is not a requirement for receipt of a high school diploma in Florida, and (2) determinations of remedial assistance to be given those students who fail the...
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