76 F. 742 (9th Cir. 1896), 273, Anglo-California Bank v. Secretary of Treasury
|Citation:||76 F. 742|
|Party Name:||ANGLO-CALIFORNIA BANK, Limited, v. SECRETARY OF TREASURY.|
|Case Date:||October 19, 1896|
|Court:||United States Courts of Appeals, Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit|
The board of general appraisers sustained the protest of the Anglo-California Bank against the decision of the collector of customs at San Francisco. The circuit court reversed the decision of the appraisers. 71 F. 505. The material facts upon which the matter in issue was tried are stated in the opinion of the appraisers and of the circuit court to be as follows:
'The Bank of California at various times between March 2, and June 24, 1887, imported into the port of San Francisco certain T steel rails, aggregating 5,678 tons. These rails remained in general order unclaimed until February 27, 1888, when warehouse entries thereof were made and bonds given by the Bank of California as importer and consignee. Said warehouse entries were liquidated, under the act of March 3, 1883, at $17 per ton, and at the expiration of one year from the date of the importation the additional duty of 10 per cent., prescribed by section 2970, Rev. St., was charged up on the bonds against the merchandise. Between September 21, 1888, and December 6, 1889, four withdrawals for consumption were made, and the amount of duties charged thereon was paid. When the bonded period of three years was about to expire, the Oregon Pacific Railroad Company, for whose account the steel rails in question had been imported, represented to the treasury department that serious casualties had occurred on its road by storms and floods, and requested a postponement of the sale of merchandise required under section 2971, Rev. St., whereupon the secretary of the treasury authorized a postponement of the sale for three months without giving due notice to or having the consent of the principal or sureties on the warehouse bonds. Similar postponements have been allowed for periods of six months up to the present date, the Bank of California uniting in two instances in the application for delay. A postponement of the sale of the merchandise allowed by the secretary of the treasury September 16, 1893, was conditioned upon the consent of the sureties on the bond. The final postponement was authorized by the secretary of the treasury March 25, 1895, pending decision regarding the legal status of the goods by the board of general appraisers. Under date of June 30, 1890, more than three years after the date of importation, the secretary of the treasury authorized the collector at San Francisco to permit withdrawals for consumption of the steel rails in question, from time to time, in such quantities as might be desired. On October 21, 1890, the treasury department decided that withdrawals might be made under the act of 1890, by the importers, at the rates of duty, regular and additional, prescribed by the act of 1883. Notwithstanding this decision, 3,306 tons of steel rails were withdrawn for consumption, and, in addition to 10 per cent., as prescribed by section 2970, Rev. St., duties were paid thereon and accepted by the collector at $13,44 per ton, the rate prescribed therefor in the act of October 1, 1890. All charges and expenses, including storage charges, have been paid. The importers recently offered to withdraw for consumption the remainder of the merchandise in bonded warehouse at the rate prescribed in paragraph 117 of the act of August 28, 1894. Permission to make such withdrawals has not been granted
by the secretary of the treasury, but in lieu thereof authority has been given the collector to permit withdrawal entry to be made by the importers of a small portion of the merchandise, at the rates prescribed in the act of March 3, 1883, in order that a test case for judicial decision might be made. In accordance with the authority thus granted, entry for consumption of 20 of the steel rails in question (weighing about five tons) was made by the importers, and duty was assessed thereon by the collector at $17 per ton, and 10 per cent. additional, under the act of March 3, 1883, the act in force at the time the merchandise was imported. Against this action the importers protested, claiming that the merchandise in question, having been withdrawn for consumption after August, 1894, was properly dutiable at seven-twentieths of 1 cent per pound, in accordance with the provisions of section 1 and paragraph 117 of the present act.'
Upon these facts the questions presented involve a construction of certain sections of the Revised Statutes of the United States; of the act of June 10, 1890, to simplify the laws in relation to the collection of the revenue (26 Stat. 131, 142), known as the 'Administrative Act'; of the act of October 1, 1890, to reduce the revenue and equalize duties on imports, and for other purposes (26 Stat. 567, 625), known as the McKinley Act', and of the act of August 28, 1894, to reduce taxation, to provide revenue for the government, and for other purposes (28 Stat. 509, 570), known as the 'Wilson Act.' The sections of the statutes read as follows:
'Sec. 2970. Any merchandise deposited in bond in any public or private bonded warehouse may be withdrawn for consumption within one year from the date of original importation on payment of the duties and charges to which it may be subject by law at the time of such withdrawal; and after the expiration of one year from the date of original importation, and until the expiration of three years from such date, any merchandise in bond may be withdrawn for consumption on payment of the duties assessed on the original entry and charges, and an additional duty of ten per centum of the amount of such duties and charges.
'Sec. 2971. All merchandise which may be deposited in public store or bonded warehouse may be withdrawn by the owner for exportation to foreign countries; or may be transshipped to any port of the Pacific or western coast of the United States at any time before the expiration of three years from the date of original importation; such goods on arrival at a Pacific or western port to be subject to the same rules and regulations as if originally imported there. Any goods remaining to public store or bonded warehouse beyond three years shall be regarded as abandoned to the government, and sold under such regulations as the secretary of the treasury may prescribe, and the proceeds paid into the treasury. In computing this period of three years, if such exportation or transshipment of any merchandise shall, either for the whole or any part of the term of three years, have been prevented by reason of any order of the president, the time during which such exportation or transshipment of such merchandise shall have been so prevented shall be excluded from the computation. Merchandise withdrawn for exportation shall be subject only to the payment of such storage and charges as may be due thereon.
'Sec. 2972. The secretary of the treasury, in case of any sale of any merchandise remaining in public store or bonded warehouse beyond three years, may pay to the owner, consignee, or agent of such merchandise, the proceeds thereof, after deducting duties, charges, and expenses in conformity with the provision relating to the sale of merchandise remaining in a warehouse for more than one year.
'Sec. 2973. If any merchandise shall remain in public store beyond one year, without payment of the duties and charges thereon, except as hereinbefore provided, then such merchandise shall be appraised by the appraisers, if there by any at such port * * * and sold by the collector at public auction, on due public notice thereof being first given, in the manner and for the time to be prescribed by a general regulation of the treasury department. At such public sale, distinct printed catalogues descriptive of such
merchandise, with the appraised value affixed thereto, shall be distributed among the persons present at such sale. A reasonable opportunity shall be given before such sale, to persons desirous of purchasing, to inspect the quality of such merchandise. The proceeds of such sales, after deducting the usual rate of storage at the port in question, with all other charges and expenses, including duties, shall be paid over to the owner, importer, consignee, or agent, and proper receipts taken for the same.'
'Sec. 20. Any merchandise deposited in any public or private bonded warehouse may be withdrawn for consumption within three years from the date of original importation, on payment of the duties and charges to which it may be subject by law at the time of such withdrawal: Provided, that nothing herein shall affect or impair existing provisions of law in regard to the disposal of perishable or explosive articles.'
Section 29, after enumerating several sections of the Revised Statutes (section 2970 and 2971 not being mentioned), and repealing them in direct terms, reads as follows:
'And all other acts and parts of acts inconsistent with the provisions of this act, are hereby repealed, but the repeal of existing laws or modifications thereof embraced in this act shall not affect any act done, or any right accruing or accrued, or any suit or proceeding had or commenced in any civil cause before the said repeal or modifications; but all rights and liabilities under said laws shall continue and may be enforced in the same manner as if said repeal or modifications had not been made. * * * '
The enacting clause reads as follows:
'That on and after the sixth day of October, eighteen hundred and ninety, unless otherwise specially provided for in this act, there shall be levied, collected, and paid upon all articles imported from foreign countries, and mentioned in the schedules herein...
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