772 F.3d 388 (6th Cir. 2014), 14-1341, Deboer v. Snyder

Docket Nº:14-1341, 14-3057, 14-3464, 14-5291, 14-5297, 14-5818
Citation:772 F.3d 388
Opinion Judge:SUTTON, Circuit Judge.
Party Name:APRIL DEBOER, et al., Plaintiffs-Appellees, v. RICHARD SNYDER, Governor, State of Michigan, in his official capacity, et al., Defendants-Appellants. JAMES OBERGEFELL, et al., Plaintiffs-Appellees, v. RICHARD HODGES, Director of the Ohio Department of Health, in his official capacity, Defendant-Appellant. BRITTANI HENRY, et al., Plaintiffs-Appellees
Attorney:Aaron D. Lindstrom, OFFICE OF THE MICHIGAN ATTORNEY GENERAL, Lansing, Michigan, for Appellant in 14-1341. Carole M. Stanyar, Ann Arbor, Michigan, for Appellees in 14-1341. Eric E. Murphy, OFFICE OF THE OHIO ATTORNEY GENERAL, Columbus, Ohio, for Appellant in 14-3057 and 14-3464. Alphonse A. Gerhar...
Judge Panel:Before: DAUGHTREY, SUTTON and COOK, Circuit Judges. SUTTON, J., delivered the opinion of the court, in which COOK, J., joined. DAUGHTREY, J. (pp. 43-64), delivered a separate dissenting opinion. MARTHA CRAIG DAUGHTREY, Circuit Judge, dissenting.
Case Date:November 06, 2014
Court:United States Courts of Appeals, Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit
 
FREE EXCERPT

Page 388

772 F.3d 388 (6th Cir. 2014)

APRIL DEBOER, et al., Plaintiffs-Appellees,

v.

RICHARD SNYDER, Governor, State of Michigan, in his official capacity, et al., Defendants-Appellants.

JAMES OBERGEFELL, et al., Plaintiffs-Appellees,

v.

RICHARD HODGES, Director of the Ohio Department of Health, in his official capacity, Defendant-Appellant.

BRITTANI HENRY, et al., Plaintiffs-Appellees,

v.

RICHARD HODGES, Director of the Ohio Department of Health, in his official capacity, Defendant-Appellant.

GREGORY BOURKE, et al., Plaintiffs-Appellees,

v.

STEVE BESHEAR, Governor, Commonwealth of Kentucky, in his official capacity, Defendant-Appellant.

VALERIA TANCO, et al., Plaintiffs-Appellees,

v.

WILLIAM EDWARD " BILL" HASLAM, Governor, State of Tennessee, in his official capacity, et al., Defendants-Appellants.

TIMOTHY LOVE, et al., Plaintiffs/Intervenors-Appellees,

v.

STEVE BESHEAR, Governor, Commonwealth of Kentucky, in his official capacity, Defendant-Appellant

Nos. 14-1341, 14-3057, 14-3464, 14-5291, 14-5297, 14-5818

United States Court of Appeals, Sixth Circuit

November 6, 2014

Argued August 6, 2014

Page 389

[Copyrighted Material Omitted]

Page 390

[Copyrighted Material Omitted]

Page 391

[Copyrighted Material Omitted]

Page 392

[Copyrighted Material Omitted]

Page 393

[Copyrighted Material Omitted]

Page 394

Appeal from the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan at Detroit; No. 2:12-cv-10285--Bernard A. Friedman, District Judge.

Appeals from the United States District Court for the Southern District of Ohio at Cincinnati; Nos. 1:13-cv-00501 & 1:14-cv-00129--Timothy S. Black, District Judge. Appeals from the United States District Court for the Western District of Kentucky at Louisville; No. 3:13-cv-00750--John G. Heyburn II, District Judge. Appeal from the United States District Court for the Middle District of Tennessee at Nashville; No. 3:13-cv-01159--Aleta Arthur Trauger, District Judge.

ARGUED:

Aaron D. Lindstrom, OFFICE OF THE MICHIGAN ATTORNEY GENERAL, Lansing, Michigan, for Appellant in 14-1341.

Carole M. Stanyar, Ann Arbor, Michigan, for Appellees in 14-1341.

Eric E. Murphy, OFFICE OF THE OHIO ATTORNEY GENERAL, Columbus, Ohio, for Appellant in 14-3057 and 14-3464.

Alphonse A. Gerhardstein, GERHARDSTEIN & BRANCH CO. LPA, Cincinnati, Ohio, for Appellees in 14-3057 and 14-3464.

Leigh Gross Latherow, VANANTWERP, MONGE, JONES, EDWARDS & MCCANN, LLP, Ashland, Kentucky, for Appellant in 14-5291 and 14-5818.

Laura E. Landenwich, CLAY DANIEL WALTON & ADAMS, PLC, Louisville, Kentucky, for Appellees in 14-5291 and 14-5818.

Joseph F. Whalen, OFFICE OF THE TENNESSEE ATTORNEY GENERAL, Nashville, Tennessee, for Appellants in 14-5297.

William L. Harbison, SHERRARD & ROE, PLC, Nashville, Tennessee, for Appellees in 14-5297.

ON BRIEF:

14-1341: Aaron D. Lindstrom, Kristin M. Heyse, OFFICE OF THE MICHIGAN ATTORNEY GENERAL, Lansing, Michigan, for Appellant.

Carole M. Stanyar, Ann Arbor, Michigan, Dana M. Nessel, Detroit, Michigan, Robert A. Sedler, WAYNE STATE UNIVERSITY LAW SCHOOL, Detroit, Michigan, Kenneth M. Mogill, MOGILL, POSNER & COHEN, Lake Orion, Michigan, for Appellees.

Kyle J. Bristow, BRISTOW LAW, PLLC, Clarkston, Michigan, Alphonse A. Gerhardstein, GERHARDSTEIN & BRANCH CO. LPA, Cincinnati, Ohio, David A. Robinson, North Haven, Connecticut, Deborah J. Dewart, Swansboro, North Carolina, Paul Benjamin Linton, Northbrook, Illinois, James R. Wierenga, DAVID & WIERENGA, P.C., Grand Rapids, Michigan, Eric Rassbach, THE BECKET FUND FOR RELIGIOUS LIBERTY, Washington, D.C., James J. Walsh, Thomas J. Rheaume, Jr., BODMAN PLC, Detroit, Michigan, William J. Olson, WILLIAM J. OLSON, P.C., Vienna, Virginia, Lawrence J. Joseph, Washington, D.C., Thomas M. Fisher, OFFICE OF THE ATTORNEY GENERAL OF INDIANA, Indianapolis, Indiana, Mary E. McAlister, LIBERTY COUNSEL, Lynchburg, Virginia, Mathew D. Staver, Anita L. Staver, LIBERTY COUNSEL, Orlando, Florida, Anthony R. Picarello, Jr., Jeffrey Hunter Moon, Michael F. Moses, U.S. CONFERENCE OF CATHOLIC BISHOPS, Washington, D.C., Alexander Dushku, R. Shawn Gunnarson, KIRTON MCCONKIE, Salt Lake City, Utah, Erin Elizabeth Mersino, THOMAS MORE LAW CENTER, Ann Arbor, Michigan, David Boyle, Long Beach, California, Benjamin G. Shatz, MANATT, PHELPS & PHILLIPS, LLP, Los Angeles, California, Elizabeth B. Wydra, CONSTITUTIONAL ACCOUNTABILITY CENTER, Washington, D.C., Paul M. Smith, JENNER & BLOCK LLP, Washington, D.C., Catherine E. Stetson, HOGAN LOVELLS U.S. LLP, Washington, D.C., Jason Walta, NATIONAL EDUCATION ASSOCIATION, Washington, D.C., Diana Raimi, JAFFE RAITT HEUER & WEISS, P.C., Ann Arbor, Michigan, Rocky C. Tsai, ROPES & GRAY LLP, San Francisco, California, Alan M. Gershel, THOMAS M. COOLEY LAW SCHOOL, Auburn Hills, Michigan, Jerome C. Roth, Nicole S. Phillis, MUNGER, TOLLES & OLSON LLP, San Francisco, California, Andrew J. Davis, FOLGER LEVIN LLP, San Francisco, California, Nicholas M. O'Donnell, SULLIVAN & WORCESTER LLP, Boston, Massachusetts, Sean R. Gallagher, POLSINELLI PC, Denver, Colorado, Mark C. Fleming, Felicia H. Ellsworth, WILMER CUTLER PICKERING HALE AND DORR LLP, Boston, Massachusetts, Paul R.Q. Wolfson, Dina B. Mishra, WILMER CUTLER PICKERING HALE AND DORR LLP, Washington, D.C., Alan Schoenfeld, WILMER CUTLER PICKERING HALE AND DORR LLP, New York, New York, Diane M. Soubly, STEVENSON KEPPELMAN ASSOCIATES, Ann Arbor, Michigan, Ria Tabacco Mar, NAACP LEGAL DEFENSE & EDUCATIONAL FUND, INC., New York, New York, Christy L. Anderson, BRYAN CAVE LLP, Denver, Colorado, Carmine D. Boccuzzi, Jr., CLEARY GOTTLIEB STEEN & HAMILTON LLP, New York, New York, Jonathan B. Miller, OFFICE OF THE MASSACHUSETTS ATTORNEY GENERAL, Boston, Massachusetts, Jyotin Hamid, Joseph Rome, DEBEVOISE & PLIMPTON LLP, New York, New York, Jeffrey S. Trachtman, KRAMER LEVIN NAFTALIS & FRANKEL LLP, New York, New York, Christopher D. Man, CHADBOURNE & PARKE LLP, Washington, D.C., Chase B. Strangio, AMERICAN CIVIL LIBERTIES UNION FOUNDATION, New York, New York, Suzanne B. Goldberg, COLUMBIA LAW SCHOOL, New York, New York, Marcia D. Greenberger, Emily J. Martin, NATIONAL WOMEN'S LAW CENTER, Washington, D.C., G. David Carter, Joseph P. Bowser, Hunter Carter, ARENT FOX LLP, Washington, D.C., Sara Bartel, MORRISON & FOERSTER LLP, San Francisco, California, Daniel McNeel Lane, Jr., Matthew E. Pepping, AKIN GUMP STRAUSS HAUER & FELD LLP, San Antonio, Texas, Jessica M. Weisel, AKIN GUMP STRAUSS HAUER & FELD LLP, Los Angeles, California, Michael L. Whitlock, BINGHAM MCCUTCHEN LLP, Washington, D.C., for Amici Curiae.

14-3057: Bridget E. Coontz, Zachery P. Keller, OFFICE OF THE OHIO ATTORNEY GENERAL, Columbus, Ohio, for Appellant.

Alphonse A. Gerhardstein, Jennifer L. Branch, Jacklyn Gonzales Martin, GERHARDSTEIN & BRANCH CO. LPA, Cincinnati, Ohio, Lisa T. Meeks, NEWMAN & MEEKS CO., LPA, Cincinnati, Ohio, Chase B. Strangio, James D. Esseks, AMERICAN CIVIL LIBERTIES UNION FOUNDATION, New York, New York, Drew Dennis, ACLU OF OHIO, INC., Cleveland, Ohio, for Appellees.

Byron J. Babione, ALLIANCE DEFENDING FREEDOM, Scottsdale, Arizona, Lawrence J. Joseph, Washington, D.C., Benjamin G. Shatz, MANATT, PHELPS & PHILLIPS, LLP, Los Angeles, California, Carmine D. Boccuzzi, Jr., CLEARY GOTTLIEB STEEN & HAMILTON LLP, New York, New York, Gregory R. Nevins, LAMBDA LEGAL DEFENSE AND EDUCATION FUND, INC., Atlanta, Georgia, Susan L. Sommer, LAMBDA LEGAL DEFENSE AND EDUCATION FUND, INC., New York, New York, Camilla B. Taylor, LAMBDA LEGAL DEFENSE AND EDUCATION FUND, INC., Chicago, Illinois, Mark C. Fleming, Felicia H. Ellsworth, WILMER CUTLER PICKERING HALE AND DORR LLP, Boston, Massachusetts, Paul R.Q. Wolfson, Dina B. Mishra, WILMER CUTLER PICKERING HALE AND DORR LLP, Washington, D.C., Alan Schoenfeld, WILMER CUTLER PICKERING HALE AND DORR LLP, New York, New York, Paul M. Smith, JENNER & BLOCK LLP, Washington, D.C., Roberta A. Kaplan, Jaren Janghorbani, Joshua D. Kaye, Jacob H. Hupart, PAUL, WEISS, RIFKIND, WHARTON & GARRISON LLP, New York, New York, Thomas D. Warren, BAKER & HOSTETLER LLP, Cleveland, Ohio, Jeffrey S. Trachtman, KRAMER LEVIN NAFTALIS & FRANKEL LLP, New York, New York, Marcia D. Greenberger, Emily J. Martin, NATIONAL WOMEN'S LAW CENTER, Washington, D.C., Shannon P. Minter, Christopher F. Stoll, NATIONAL CENTER FOR LESBIAN RIGHTS, Washington, D.C., for Amici Curiae.

14-3464: Eric E. Murphy, Bridget E. Coontz, OFFICE OF THE OHIO ATTORNEY GENERAL, Columbus, Ohio, for Appellant.

Alphonse A. Gerhardstein, Jennifer L. Branch, Jacklyn Gonzales Martin, GERHARDSTEIN & BRANCH CO. LPA, Cincinnati, Ohio, Lisa T. Meeks, NEWMAN & MEEKS CO., LPA, Cincinnati, Ohio, Susan L. Sommer, M. Currey Cook, Keith Hammeran, LAMBDA LEGAL DEFENSE & EDUCATION FUND, INC., New York, New York, Paul D. Castillo, LAMBDA LEGAL DEFENSE & EDUCATION FUND, INC., Dallas, Texas, for Appellees.

Catherine E. Stetson, HOGAN LOVELLS U.S. LLP, Washington, D.C., Andrew J. Davis, FOLGER LEVIN LLP, San Francisco, California, Sean R. Gallagher, POLSINELLI PC, Denver, Colorado, Nicholas M. O'Donnell, SULLIVAN & WORCESTER LLP, Boston, Massachusetts, Carmine D. Boccuzzi, Jr., CLEARY GOTTLIEB STEEN & HAMILTON LLP, New York, New York, Ria Tabacco Mar, NAACP LEGAL DEFENSE & EDUCATIONAL FUND, INC., New York, New York, Jyotin Hamid, Joseph Rome, DEBEVOISE & PLIMPTON LLP, New York, New York, Suzanne B. Goldberg, COLUMBIA LAW SCHOOL, New York, New York, Daniel McNeel Lane, Jr., Matthew E. Pepping, AKIN GUMP STRAUSS HAUER & FELD LLP, San Antonio, Texas, Jessica M. Weisel, AKIN GUMP STRAUSS HAUER & FELD LLP, Los Angeles, California, Paul D. Ritter, Jr., Christopher J. Weber, Robert G. Schuler, KEGLER, BROWN, HILL & RITTER CO., L.P.A.,...

To continue reading

FREE SIGN UP