780 Fed.Appx. 395 (9th Cir. 2019), 17-55301, Almont Ambulatory Surgery Center, LLC v. UnitedHealth Group, Inc.

Docket Nº:17-55301
Citation:780 Fed.Appx. 395
Party Name:ALMONT AMBULATORY SURGERY CENTER, LLC, a California limited liability company; Bakerfield Surgery Institute, LLC, a California limited liability company; Ciro Surgery Center, LLC, a California limited liability company; East Bay Ambulatory Surgery, LLC, a California limited liability company; Modern Institute of Plastic Surgery & Antiaging, Inc...
Attorney:Mark Jubelt, Esquire, Law Office of Mark Jubelt, Los Angeles, CA, Francis J. Flynn, Jr., Attorney, Law Office of Francis J. Flynn, Jr., Los Angeles, CA, for Plaintiffs - Appellants Michelle S. Grant, Rj Zayed, Attorney, Meghan L. DesLauriers, Timothy J. Droske, Attorney, Stephen Paul Lucke, Esqui...
Judge Panel:Before: O’SCANNLAIN and FRIEDLAND, Circuit Judges, and EZRA, District Judge. O’SCANNLAIN, Circuit Judge, specially concurring:
Case Date:June 11, 2019
Court:United States Courts of Appeals, Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit

Page 395

780 Fed.Appx. 395 (9th Cir. 2019)

ALMONT AMBULATORY SURGERY CENTER, LLC, a California limited liability company; Bakerfield Surgery Institute, LLC, a California limited liability company; Ciro Surgery Center, LLC, a California limited liability company; East Bay Ambulatory Surgery, LLC, a California limited liability company; Modern Institute of Plastic Surgery & Antiaging, Inc., a California corporation; New Life Surgery Center, LLC, dba Beverly Hills Surgery Center, a California limited liability company; Orange Grove Surgery Center, LLC, a California limited liability company; San Diego Ambulatory Surgery Center, LLC, a California limited liability company; San Joaquin Valley Surgery Center, LLC, a California limited liability company; Skin Cancer & Reconstructive Surgery Specialist of Beverly Hills, Inc., a California corporation; Valencia Ambulatory Surgery Center, LLC, a California limited liability company; West Hills Surgery Center, LLC, a California limited liability company; Palmdale Surgery Center, LLC, a California limited liability company; Independent Medical Services, Inc., a California corporation, Plaintiffs-Appellants,


UNITEDHEALTH GROUP, INC.; United Healthcare Services, Inc.; UnitedHealthcare Insurance Company; OptumInsight, Inc.; American Association of Retired Persons (AARP), a District of Columbia corporation; AARP Employees Welfare Plan; Accenture, LLP, a Delaware limited liability partnership; Accor North America, Inc., a Delaware corporation; Accor North America, Inc. Group Insurance Plan, a Delaware corporation; Actavis, Inc., a Delaware corporation; Actavis Health and Welfare Plan; Acushnet Company, a Delaware corporation; Acushnet Company Consolidated Health and Welfare Plan; ADP TotalSource, Inc., a Florita corporation; ADP TotalSource Inc. Health and Welfare Plan; Aegis Media Americas, Inc., a Delaware corporation; Aegis Media North America Welfare Benefit Plan; Aegon USA, LLC, an Iowa limited liability company; Aegon Companies Flexible Benefits Plan; Aera Energy Services Company, a Delaware corporation; Aera Energy Services Company Medical Benefits Plan; Air Liquide USA, LLC, a Delaware liability company; Air Liquide USA, LLC Group Benefits Plan; Akzo Nobel, Inc., a Delaware corporation; Akzo Nobel, Inc. Salaried Employees Group Benefits Program; Alcon Laboratories, Inc., a Delaware corporation; Alcon Laboratories, Inc. Voluntary Employees Beneficiary Association Trust; All American Containers, Inc.; All American Containers Inc. Welfare Benefit Plan; Allstate Insurance Company; Allstate Cafeteria Plan; Alpha Mechanical, Inc.; Alpha Mechanical Heating & Air Conditioning Inc. Health Insurance Plan; Altec Industries, Inc.; American Airlines, Inc.; Group Life and Health Benefits Plan; American Building Supply, Inc.; American Building Supply, Inc. Employees Benefit Plan; American Financial Group, Inc.; American Financial Group, Inc. Group Welfare Benefit Plan; American International Group, Inc.; American International Group Inc. Medical Plan; Anheuser-Busch Companies, Inc.; Anheuser-Busch Employees Benefit Trust; Anixter, Inc.; Anixter Inc. Group Insurance; Ann, Inc.; Ann, Inc. Welfare Benefits Plan; Anschutz Entertainment Group, Inc.; AEG Employee Health & Welfare Plan; Apartment Management Consultants Benefits Plan; APL Limited; Welfare Plan for Employees of APL Limited; Apple, Inc. Health and Welfare Benefit Plan; Apple American Group LLC; Apple American Group LLC Section 125 Plan; Aptco, LLC; Ardent Services, LLC; Ardent Services, LLC Medical Plan; AT & T Inc.; AT & T Umbrella Benefit Plan; AT & T Mobility LLC; Cingular Wireless Medical Plus Plan; ATI Systems International, Inc.; ATI Systems; Auction.com, LLC; Auction.com Employee Benefit Plan; Automatic Data Processing, Inc.; Automatic Data Processing, Inc. Flex 2000 Plan; Avon Products, Inc.; Avon Products, Inc. Medical Plan for Active Employees; Baker Hughes Inc.; Baker Hughes, Inc. Welfare Benefits Plan; Barnes & Noble Inc.; Barnes & Noble Inc. Comprehensive Medical and Dental Plan; Bausch & Lomb Incorporated; Bausch & Lomb Comprehensive Medical Plan; Bayside Management Company LLC Employee Benefit Plan; Bayside Management Company, LLC; BBA Aviation USA, Inc.; BBA Aviation, Inc. Benefit Plan; Becton Dickinson and Company Group Life and Health Plan; Becton, Dickinson and Company; Belmont Village, LP; Belmont Village LP Healthcare Benefits Plan; Best Buy Co. Inc.; Best Buy Flexible Benefits Plan; Best Medical International, Inc.; Best Medical International Benefit Plan; Black Box Network Services, Inc.; Black Box Network Services Group Medical Plan; BMW of North America, LLC; BMW of North America LLC Health and Welfare Plans; BNSF Railway Company; BNSF Railway Company Flexible Benefit Plan; Boat America Corporation; Boat U.S. Health Plan; Boston Market Corporation; Boston Market Corporation Health and Welfare Plan; Brady Corporation; W.H. Brady Co. Insured Benefits Plan; Advance/Newhouse Partnership Health Benefits Plan; Brinker Services Corporation; Brinker International, Inc. Welfare Benefit Plan; Brinks Incorporated; The Brinks Company Comprehensive Health and Welfare Plan; Buca Restaurants 2, Inc.; Buca Inc. Health Care Benefit Plan; Building Materials Corporation of America; GAF Materials Corporation Welfare Benefit Plan; Bupa Worldwide Corporation; Bupa Worldwide Corporation Health & Benefits Plan; BWAY Corporation; BWAY Corporation Comprehensive Medical Plan; Caliber Home Loans, Inc.; Vericrest Financial, Inc. Welfare and Benefits Plan; California Charter Schools Association; CCSA Employee Benefit Welfare Trust C/O BRMS; Cbeyond Communications LLC; Cbeyond Communications Health and Welfare Plan; CBIZ MHM, LLC; CBIZ Inc. Group Health and Welfare Plan; CBS Corporation; CBS Health and Welfare Benefits Plan; CEC Entertainment Concepts LP; CEC Entertainment Welfare Benefit Plan; Central Parking System; Central Parking System Health and Welfare Plan; Centric Group LLC; Centrix Group Hospital Plan; CGX Energy, LLC; Cogentrix Energy, LLC Group Insurance Plan; C.H. Robinson Company, Inc.; C.H. Robinson Company Group Health Major Medical Plan; Charlotte Russe, Inc.; Charlotte Russe Holding, Inc. Welfare Benefit Plan; Charming Shoppes, Inc.; Charming Shoppes, Inc. Medical Plan; Chevron Corporation; Chevron Corporation Omnibus Health Care Plan; Child Development Incorporated; CDI Group Welfare Plan; Citigroup Management Corp.; Citigroup Health Benefit Plan; CNA Financial Corporation Health and Group Benefits Program; Cognizant Technology Solutions Corp.; Cognizant Health & Welfare Benefit Plan; Comfort Systems USA, Inc.; Comfort Systems USA Health & Welfare Plan; CommScope, Inc. of North Carolina; CommScope Welfare Benefit Plan; Conesys Employee Benefit Plan; Conmed Corporation; Conmed Corporation Healthcare Plan; Construction Teamsters Security Fund for Southern California; Court Business Services Corporation; Court Business Services Corporation Group Insurance Plan; Covidien, LP; Covidien Health & Welfare Benefits Plan; Credit Suisse Securities (USA), LLC; Credit Suisse Securities (USA) LLC Group Health Care Plan; Crowley Maritime Corporation; Crowley Maritime Corporation Welfare Health Life & Accidental Death & Dismemberment Plans; Cytec Industries, Inc.; Cytec Industries Inc. Health and Welfare Plan; Danaher Corporation; Danaher Corporation & Subsidiaries Medical Plan; Darden Group Life and Health Benefit Plan for Salaried Employees; Darden Restaurants Inc.; Deere & Company; Deloitte & Touche Welfare Benefit Plan; Deloitte, LLP; Delta Air Lines, Inc.; Delta Family-Care Medical Plan; Denso Sales California, Inc.; Denso Sales California, Inc. Group Insurance Plan; Diageo North America, Inc.; Diageo North America, Inc. Medical Care and Life Insurance Plan for Salaried and Retired Employees; Discovery Communications Welfare Benefit Plan; Discovery Communications, LLC; Dollar Thrifty Automotive Group, Inc.; Dollar Thrifty Automotive Group, Inc. Welfare Benefit Plan; John Deere Flexible Benefits Plan; Producers Health Benefits Plan; DS Waters of America, Inc.; DS Waters of America, Inc. Health and Welfare Plan; Dr. Pepper Snapple Group, Inc.; Dr. Pepper Snapple Group, Inc. Health Plan; DriveTime Automotive Group, Inc.; DriveTime Welfare Benefit Plan; Ecolab Health and Welfare Benefits Plan; Ecolab, Inc.; Edward D. Jones & Co. Employees Health and Welfare Program; Edward D. Jones & Co., L.P.; Emcor Group, Inc.; Emcor Group, Inc. Employee Welfare Plan; Ensign U.S. Drilling Employee Benefit Plan; Ensign United States Drilling, Inc.; Enterprise Holdings Hospital Insurance Plan; Enterprise Holdings, Inc.; Environmental Systems Research Institute, Inc.; Environmental Systems Research Institute, Inc. Life Ltd. Travel Accident, Vision Service, Medical Dental; Equity Residential Properties Trust Group Insurance Plan; Equity Residential Services, LLC; Ernst & Young Medical Plan; Ernst & Young, LLP; Essilor of America, Inc.; Essilor of America, Inc. Employer Welfare Benefit Plan; Estee Lauder, Inc.; Experian Information Solutions, Inc.; Experian Information Solutions, Inc. Health and Welfare Plan; Express Messenger Systems, Inc.; ExpressJet Airlines, Inc.; ExpressJet Airlines, Inc. Consolidated Welfare Benefit Plan; Farmers Group, Inc.; Farmers Group, Inc. Employee Prepaid Benefit Plan; Estee Lauder Companies, Inc.; FC USA Inc. Benefits; FC USA, Inc.; FNPC Health and Welfare Plan; Fidelity Brokerage Services, LLC; Fidelity Group Employees Medical, Dental and Cafeteria Plan; Fifth & Pacific Companies, Inc.; FINRA Dispute Resolution, Inc.; FINRA Employee Group Medical; Fiserv, Inc.; Fiserv, Inc. Welfare Benefit Plan; Five Star Quality Care; Five Star Quality Care-CA, Inc.; Flextronics Employee Benefits Plan; Ing North America Insurance Corporation; Informa USA, Inc.; Informa USA, Inc. and Subsidiaries Insurance Plan; Ingram Micro, Inc.; Insperity Group Health Plan; Insperity Holdings, Inc.; Instant Web,

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