807 P.2d 563 (Colo. 1991), 90SA13, Kailey v. Colorado State Dept. of Corrections

Docket Nº90SA13.
Citation807 P.2d 563
Opinion JudgeQUINN Justice.
Party NameRandy KAILEY, Petitioner-Appellant, Cross-Appellee, v. COLORADO STATE DEPARTMENT OF CORRECTIONS; and James Brittain, Superintendent, Respondent-Appellee, Cross-Appellant.
AttorneyRandy Kailey, pro se. Gale A. Norton, Atty. Gen., Raymond T. Slaughter, Chief Deputy Atty. Gen., Timothy M. Tymkovich, Sol. Gen., Paul S. Sanzo, Asst. Atty. Gen., Denver, for respondent-appellee, cross-appellant.
Case DateMarch 18, 1991
CourtSupreme Court of Colorado

Page 563

807 P.2d 563 (Colo. 1991)

Randy KAILEY, Petitioner-Appellant, Cross-Appellee,

v.

COLORADO STATE DEPARTMENT OF CORRECTIONS; and James Brittain, Superintendent, Respondent-Appellee, Cross-Appellant.

No. 90SA13.

Supreme Court of Colorado, En Banc

March 18, 1991

Rehearing Denied April 8, 1991.

Page 564

Randy Kailey, pro se.

Gale A. Norton, Atty. Gen., Raymond T. Slaughter, Chief Deputy Atty. Gen., Timothy M. Tymkovich, Sol. Gen., Paul S. Sanzo, Asst. Atty. Gen., Denver, for respondent-appellee, cross-appellant.

OPINION

QUINN Justice.

Randy Kailey appeals from a district court judgment denying his petition for a writ of habeas corpus in which he sought release from confinement on the basis that the sentences imposed on him were void. He asserts that the district court erroneously placed on him the burden of proving the allegations of his petition by a preponderance of the evidence and that the district court erred in not ordering his release from confinement. We affirm the judgment.

I.

On October 19, 1984, Kailey was charged in the Jefferson County Court with two counts of sexual assault on a child by one in a position of trust, a class 3 felony. Because the victims of these charges were Kailey's natural children, the county court, prior to a preliminary hearing, granted the district attorney leave to file two additional counts charging Kailey with aggravated incest, also a class 3 felony. On the motion

Page 565

of the district attorney, the court dismissed the two counts of sexual assault on a child and renumbered the third and fourth counts of aggravated incest as counts one and two.

Kailey eventually was tried by a jury on the charges. The jury returned guilty verdicts on both counts, and on January 10, 1986, the court sentenced Kailey to consecutive terms of sixteen years on both counts. The original judgment, sentence, and mittimus, however, stated that he was convicted of two counts of sexual assault on a child, rather than aggravated incest, and was sentenced to consecutive terms of sixteen years on those counts.

Kailey filed a petition for a writ of habeas corpus in the District Court of Fremont County on June 30, 1988, alleging that he was confined under sentences for the crime of sexual assault on a child for which he had never been tried or convicted. The District Court of Fremont County treated Kailey's petition for writ of habeas corpus as a motion for postconviction relief pursuant to Crim.P. 35(c) and transferred venue to Jefferson County.

The District Court of Jefferson County conducted a hearing on Kailey's petition on September 11, 1989. Kailey testified that he was present in court when the guilty verdicts were returned and that the verdicts were for the crime of sexual assault on a child. He also presented testimony from an attorney who was an associate of Kailey's trial counsel. This attorney was not present during the trial but received the jury verdicts because of the unavailability of Kailey's trial counsel. The attorney testified that his recollection was that the jury verdicts were on the charges of sexual assault on a child. Kailey also presented testimony from a casual acquaintance who was present in court when the verdicts were returned. This witness also testified that the verdicts were for sexual assault on a child. Evidence presented by Kailey also showed that the verdict forms in the court file were guilty verdicts on charges of sexual assault on a child. These verdicts, however, were not the original jury verdicts, but rather were photocopies made from some other document not in the court file.

The Department of Corrections presented testimony from the judge who presided at Kailey's trial. He testified that he instructed the jury on two counts of aggravated incest and that the jury returned guilty verdicts to those charges. The judge further testified that after the petition for a writ of habeas corpus was filed, he became aware that the original judgment of conviction, sentence, and mittimus were erroneous. He accordingly executed an amended judgment of conviction, sentence, and mittimus to reflect that Kailey was convicted of two counts of aggravated incest and was sentenced to consecutive terms of sixteen years on those counts. The court records showed that the judgment, sentence, and mittimus were executed sua sponte by the sentencing judge on July 27, 1988, nunc pro tunc January 10, 1986. The court reporter who transcribed Kailey's trial confirmed the judge's testimony and stated that her notes showed that the court instructed the jury on two counts of aggravated incest and that the jury returned guilty verdicts on those counts. The court records showed that at Kailey's trial the court instructed the jury that "[t]he defendant is charged with committing the crime of two counts of aggravated incest in Jefferson County, Colorado, on or before October 11, 1985." Included in the jury instructions was an elemental instruction listing the respective elements of the crime of aggravated incest.

At the conclusion of the evidence, the district court initially remarked that it was not going to deal with the issue of whether Kailey's...

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29 practice notes
  • 868 P.2d 375 (Colo. 1994), 93SA122, Duran v. Price
    • United States
    • Colorado Supreme Court of Colorado
    • January 10, 1994
    ...remedy to redress an unlawful restraint on one's liberty when no other form of relief is available. Kailey v. State Dept. of Corrections, 807 P.2d 563, 566 (Colo.1991); Blevins v. Tihonovich, 728 P.2d 732, 733 (Colo.1986). In other words, a defendant must exhaust his legal remedies before h......
  • 863 P.2d 301 (Colo. 1993), 92SC426, Murphy v. People
    • United States
    • Colorado Supreme Court of Colorado
    • November 15, 1993
    ...on appeal." People v. Morgan, 199 Colo. 237, 242-43, 606 P.2d 1296, 1300 (1980); Kailey v. Colorado State Dep't of Corrections, 807 P.2d 563, 567 (Colo.1991) (quoting Lamb v. People, 174 Colo. 441, 446, 484 P.2d 798, 800 (1971)) ("In a Crim.P. 35 proceeding, the [trial] court is t......
  • 148 P.3d 235 (Colo.App. Div. 2 2006), 03CA2476, People v. Conner
    • United States
    • Colorado Court of Appeals of Colorado Second Division
    • May 4, 2006
    ...the trial court's determination on appeal if the record supports its findings and judgment. See Kailey v. Colo. State Dep't of Corr., 807 P.2d 563 (Colo.1991). It is within "the province of the court, as the trier of fact, to determine the credibility of the witnesses and the weight to......
  • 852 P.2d 1263 (Colo. 1993), 92SA327, Johnson v. Gunter
    • United States
    • Colorado Supreme Court of Colorado
    • May 24, 1993
    ...being brought in a habeas petition should have been raised by way of a Crim.P. 35(c) motion. See Kailey v. State Dept. of Corrections, 807 P.2d 563, 567 (Colo.1991) (stating that although the pro se habeas petitioner was not entitled to habeas corpus relief, the district court should have t......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
29 cases
  • 868 P.2d 375 (Colo. 1994), 93SA122, Duran v. Price
    • United States
    • Colorado Supreme Court of Colorado
    • January 10, 1994
    ...remedy to redress an unlawful restraint on one's liberty when no other form of relief is available. Kailey v. State Dept. of Corrections, 807 P.2d 563, 566 (Colo.1991); Blevins v. Tihonovich, 728 P.2d 732, 733 (Colo.1986). In other words, a defendant must exhaust his legal remedies before h......
  • 863 P.2d 301 (Colo. 1993), 92SC426, Murphy v. People
    • United States
    • Colorado Supreme Court of Colorado
    • November 15, 1993
    ...on appeal." People v. Morgan, 199 Colo. 237, 242-43, 606 P.2d 1296, 1300 (1980); Kailey v. Colorado State Dep't of Corrections, 807 P.2d 563, 567 (Colo.1991) (quoting Lamb v. People, 174 Colo. 441, 446, 484 P.2d 798, 800 (1971)) ("In a Crim.P. 35 proceeding, the [trial] court is t......
  • 148 P.3d 235 (Colo.App. Div. 2 2006), 03CA2476, People v. Conner
    • United States
    • Colorado Court of Appeals of Colorado Second Division
    • May 4, 2006
    ...the trial court's determination on appeal if the record supports its findings and judgment. See Kailey v. Colo. State Dep't of Corr., 807 P.2d 563 (Colo.1991). It is within "the province of the court, as the trier of fact, to determine the credibility of the witnesses and the weight to......
  • 852 P.2d 1263 (Colo. 1993), 92SA327, Johnson v. Gunter
    • United States
    • Colorado Supreme Court of Colorado
    • May 24, 1993
    ...being brought in a habeas petition should have been raised by way of a Crim.P. 35(c) motion. See Kailey v. State Dept. of Corrections, 807 P.2d 563, 567 (Colo.1991) (stating that although the pro se habeas petitioner was not entitled to habeas corpus relief, the district court should have t......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

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