810 F.Supp. 1294 (CIT. 1993), 91-10-00782, American Alloys, Inc. v. United States
|Docket Nº:||Court No. 91-10-00782.|
|Citation:||810 F.Supp. 1294|
|Party Name:||AMERICAN ALLOYS, INC., et al., Plaintiffs, v. UNITED STATES, Defendant.|
|Case Date:||January 11, 1993|
|Court:||Court of International Trade|
Baker & Botts, William D. Kramer, Charles M. Darling, IV, and Anne Talbot, Washington, DC, for plaintiffs.
Stuart M. Gerson, Asst. Atty. Gen., David M. Cohen, Director, Civil Div., Commercial Litigation Branch, U.S. Dept. of Justice, A. David Lafer, Robert E. Nielsen, Attorney-Advisor, Office of the Chief Counsel for Import Admin. U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Washington, DC, of counsel, for defendant.
OPINION AND JUDGMENT
Pursuant to Rule 56.1 plaintiffs move for judgment upon the agency record. Plaintiffs challenge a portion of Final Determination of Sales at Less Than Fair Value: Silicon Metal from Argentina, 56 Fed.Reg. 37,891, 37,895 (Aug. 9, 1991) , Pub.Doc. 157 (A.R. 2275, 2279), issued by the International Trade Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce (Commerce).
This action is brought pursuant to section 516A(a)(2)(A)(i)(II) of the Tariff Act of 1930, as amended, 19 U.S.C. § 1516a(a)(2)(A)(i)(II) (Supp.1991), and pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1581(c) (1988), which give this Court jurisdiction to review any negative part of a final affirmative antidumping duty determination by Commerce. The Court remands Commerce's determination for recalculation of the United States price adjustment and reserves decision on its review of this issue pending Commerce's remand results.
United States producers of silicon metal 1 filed a petition with Commerce in August of 1990 requesting that antidumping duties be imposed upon silicon metal imports from Argentina which plaintiffs alleged were being sold at less than fair value. Commerce initiated an investigation, and as a result of that investigation made an affirmative preliminary determination, and subsequently an affirmative final determination, that silicon metal from Argentina was being sold at less than fair value. Notice of Initiation of Investigation: Silicon Metal from Argentina, 55 Fed.Reg. 38,719 (Sept. 20, 1990); Preliminary Determination of Sales at Less Than Fair Value: Silicon Metal From Argentina, 56 Fed.Reg. 13,116, 13,118 (March 29, 1991), Pub.Doc. 117 (A.R. 1819-21); Final Determination, 56 Fed.Reg. 37,891, 37,895 (Aug. 9, 1991), Pub.Doc. 157 (A.R. 2275, 2279).
In the course of its investigation, Commerce presented an Antidumping Request for Information (Questionnaire) and a Deficiency Questionnaire to Electrometalurgica Andina, S.A.I.C. (Andina), an Argentine producer and exporter of silicon metal to the United States. In both its Questionnaire Response and its Deficiency Response, Andina claimed that it was entitled to adjustments to United States Price (U.S.P.), that would increase U.S.P., for certain national and provincial taxes either not collected on export sales or rebated upon exportation. Questionnaire Response, Sec. B at 8-10, Pub.Doc. 59 (A.R. 1004-06); Deficiency Response at 33-37. Pub.Doc. 72 (A.R. 1191-95). These claimed adjustments included a 12.5 percent increase in U.S.P. for a rebate of national taxes received under Argentina's "Reembolso" program. Deficiency Response at 33-37, Pub.Doc. 72 (A.R. 1191-95). Under this program, exporters are eligible for a rebate of certain domestic taxes on physically incorporated inputs of a product. Questionnaire Response, Sec. C at 8, Pub.Doc. 59 (A.R. 1018); Deficiency Response at 34, Pub.Doc. 72 (A.R. 1192). An exporter is eligible to receive a rebate of 12.5 percent of the net value of the exported silicon metal. Deficiency Response, Pub.Doc. 72 (A.R. 1192).
Andina listed the internal taxes imposed on silicon metal in the home market that it claimed provided the basis for the requested 12.5 percent adjustment under the Reembolso program. Deficiency Response, Attach. 10, Pub.Doc. 72 (A.R. 1268-70).
The taxes which were listed and that are now at issue are the following: 2
1. Bank Debits
2. Value Added
3. Mining License
4. Export Promotion Fund
5. Customs Dispatch
6. Letter of Credit
7. Currency Exchange Tax
8. Municipal Tax
9. Energy Purchases
10. Tax on Tires
12. Truck Engines
15. Retirement Fund
16. Public Works Fund
17. Social Assistance
18. Family Subsidies
19. National Housing Fund
22. Contribucion Solidarra
23. Provincial Real Estate
24. Municipal Real Estate
Commerce preliminarily determined that silicon metal from Argentina was being sold at less than fair value. Preliminary Determination, 56 Fed.Reg. 13,116, 13,118 (March 29, 1991), Pub.Doc. 117 (A.R. 1819-21). Commerce increased U.S.P. for the 12.5 percent Reembolso tax rebate, thus reducing the dumping margin on Andina's U.S. export sales. Id. Commerce did not conduct a tax pass through analysis on the Reembolso taxes which formed the basis of this adjustment. After all adjustments were made, including adjustments not presently at issue, 3 Commerce preliminarily determined the less than fair value margin to be 2.16 percent ad valorem. Id.
Subsequent to Commerce's Preliminary Determination, petitioners reiterated their argument that the taxes did not qualify as a basis for adjustment to U.S.P., and asked Commerce to verify that the Reembolso rebate covered taxes for which an adjustment to U.S.P. was made was proper. April 5, 1991 Verification Comments, Pub.Doc. 126 (A.R. 1841-44). In its Final Determination, Commerce retained the 12.5 percent adjustment to U.S.P. for the Reembolso program tax rebate and recalculated the dumping margin to be 8.65 percent ad valorem. 56 Fed.Reg. at 37,894-95, 37,899, Pub.Doc. 157 (A.R. 2278-79, 2283); Antidumping Duty Order: Silicon Metal from Argentina, 56 Fed.Reg. 48,779 (Sept. 26, 1991).
CONTENTIONS OF THE PARTIES
Plaintiffs argue that under the Tariff Act of 1930, 19 U.S.C. § 1677a(d)(1)(C) (1988), adjustments to U.S.P. for tax rebates are limited to indirect taxes imposed directly on the final stage product or its physically incorporated inputs. Plaintiffs contend that Commerce failed to determine that the rebated taxes claimed by Andina to provide a basis for adjustment to U.S.P. were indirect taxes directly imposed on silicon metal or inputs physically incorporated into silicon metal, and that this failure was contrary to law. Plaintiffs state further that pursuant to 19 U.S.C. § 1677e(b)(1) (1990), Commerce was required to, but failed to, verify that the rebated taxes were imposed on silicon metal or its components, the existence and incidence of the taxes, and the pass-through of the taxes in the home market price of silicon metal. 19 U.S.C. § 1677e(b)(1), provides as follows:
§ 1677e. Verification of Information
. . . . .
The administering authority shall verify all information relied upon in making--
(1) a final determination in an investigation.
Defendant asserts that plaintiffs are seeking a countervailable subsidy inquiry in the context of an antidumping investigation. Defendant responds to plaintiffs'...
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