830 F.3d 216 (5th Cir. 2016), 14-41127, Veasey v. Abbott

Docket Nº:14-41127
Citation:830 F.3d 216
Party Name:MARC VEASEY; JANE HAMILTON; SERGIO DELEON; FLOYD CARRIER; ANNA BURNS; MICHAEL MONTEZ; PENNY POPE; OSCAR ORTIZ; KOBY OZIAS; LEAGUE OF UNITED LATIN AMERICAN CITIZENS; JOHN MELLOR-CRUMMEY, KEN GANDY; GORDON BENJAMIN, EVELYN BRICKNER, Plaintiffs -- Appellees, v. GREG ABBOTT, in his Official Capacity as Governor of Texas; CARLOS CASCOS, Texas Secretary
Attorney:For MARC VEASEY, JANE HAMILTON, SERGIO DELEON, FLOYD CARRIER, ANNA BURNS, MICHAEL MONTEZ, PENNY POPE, OSCAR ORTIZ, KOBY OZIAS, LEAGUE OF UNITED LATIN AMERICAN CITIZENS, KEN GANDY, GORDON BENJAMIN, JOHN MELLOR-CRUMMEY, Plaintiffs - Appellees: Chad Wilson Dunn, Esq., Brazil & Dunn, Houston, TX; Nei...
Judge Panel:Before STEWART, Chief Judge, and JOLLY, DAVIS, JONES, SMITH, DENNIS, CLEMENT, PRADO, OWEN, ELROD, SOUTHWICK, HAYNES, GRAVES, HIGGINSON, and COSTA, Circuit Judges. HAYNES, Circuit Judge, joined by STEWART, Chief Judge, and DAVIS, PRADO, SOUTHWICK, GRAVES, and HIGGINSON, Circuit Judges, in full; DE...
Case Date:July 20, 2016
Court:United States Courts of Appeals, Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit
 
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830 F.3d 216 (5th Cir. 2016)

MARC VEASEY; JANE HAMILTON; SERGIO DELEON; FLOYD CARRIER; ANNA BURNS; MICHAEL MONTEZ; PENNY POPE; OSCAR ORTIZ; KOBY OZIAS; LEAGUE OF UNITED LATIN AMERICAN CITIZENS; JOHN MELLOR-CRUMMEY, KEN GANDY; GORDON BENJAMIN, EVELYN BRICKNER, Plaintiffs -- Appellees,

TEXAS ASSOCIATION OF HISPANIC COUNTY JUDGES AND COUNTY COMMISSIONERS, Intervenor Plaintiffs -- Appellees

v.

GREG ABBOTT, in his Official Capacity as Governor of Texas; CARLOS CASCOS, Texas Secretary of State; STATE OF TEXAS; STEVE MCCRAW, in his Official Capacity as Director of the Texas Department of Public Safety, Defendants -- Appellants;

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff -- Appellee,

TEXAS LEAGUE OF YOUNG VOTERS EDUCATION FUND; IMANI CLARK, Intervenor Plaintiffs -- Appellees

v.

STATE OF TEXAS; CARLOS CASCOS, Texas Secretary of State; STEVE MCCRAW, in his Official Capacity as Director of the Texas Department of Public Safety, Defendants -- Appellants;

TEXAS STATE CONFERENCE OF NAACP BRANCHES; MEXICAN AMERICAN LEGISLATIVE CAUCUS, TEXAS HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, Plaintiffs -- Appellees

v.

CARLOS CASCOS, Texas Secretary of State; STEVE MCCRAW, in his Official Capacity as Director of the Texas Department of Public Safety, Defendants -- Appellants;

LENARD TAYLOR; EULALIO MENDEZ, JR.; LIONEL ESTRADA; ESTELA GARCIA ESPINOSA; MARGARITO MARTINEZ LARA; MAXIMINA MARTINEZ LARA; LA UNION DEL PUEBLO ENTERO, INCORPORATED, Plaintiffs -- Appellees

v.

STATE OF TEXAS; CARLOS CASCOS, Texas Secretary of State; STEVE MCCRAW, in his Official Capacity as Director of the Texas Department of Public Safety, Defendants -- Appellants

No. 14-41127

United States Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit

July 20, 2016

Appeal from the United States District Court for the Southern District of Texas.

For MARC VEASEY, JANE HAMILTON, SERGIO DELEON, FLOYD CARRIER, ANNA BURNS, MICHAEL MONTEZ, PENNY POPE, OSCAR ORTIZ, KOBY OZIAS, LEAGUE OF UNITED LATIN AMERICAN CITIZENS, KEN GANDY, GORDON BENJAMIN, JOHN MELLOR-CRUMMEY, Plaintiffs - Appellees: Chad Wilson Dunn, Esq., Brazil & Dunn, Houston, TX; Neil G. Baron, Dickinson, TX; Armand G. Derfner, Esq., Derfner & Altman, L.L.C., Charleston, SC; J. Gerald Hebert, Esq., Danielle Marie Lang, Campaign Legal Center, Washington, DC.

For UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff - Appellee: Erin Helene Flynn, Esq., Anna Marks Baldwin, Diana Katherine Flynn, Robert Acheson Koch, Christine Anne Monta, U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Div - Appellate Section, Washington, DC; John Albert Smith, III, Assistant U.S. Attorney, U.S. Attorney's Office, Southern District of Texas, Corpus Christi, TX.

For IMANI CLARK, TEXAS LEAGUE OF YOUNG VOTERS EDUCATION FUND, Intervenor Plaintiffs - Appellees: Sherrilyn Ann Ifill, Leah Camille Aden, Esq., Natasha M. Korgaonkar, Esq., Janai S. Nelson, Esq., Deuel Ross, Christina A. Swarns, Legal Defense & Educational Fund, Inc., New York, NY; Kelly Patrick Dunbar, WilmerHale, Washington, DC; Sonya Ludmilla Lebsack, WilmerHale, Washington, DC.

For TEXAS ASSOCIATION OF HISPANIC COUNTY JUDGES AND COUNTY COMMISSIONERS, Intervenor Plaintiff - Appellee: Rolando Leo Rios, I, Esq., Law Office of Rolando L. Rios, San Antonio, TX.

For MEXICAN AMERICAN LEGISLATIVE CAUCUS-TEXAS HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, TEXAS STATE CONFERENCE OF NAACP BRANCHES, Intervenor Plaintiff - Appellee: Ezra D. Rosenberg, Esq., Jon Marshall Greenbaum, Esq., Director, Lawyers' Committee for Civil Rights Under Law, Washington, DC; Amy Lynne Rudd, Senior Litigating Attorney, Lindsey Beth Cohan, Dechert, L.L.P., Austin, TX; Myrna Perez, Deputy Director, NYU School of Law, Brennan Center for Justice, New York, NY.

For TEXAS STATE CONFERENCE OF NAACP BRANCHES, Plaintiff - Appellee: Ezra D. Rosenberg, Esq., Jon Marshall Greenbaum, Esq., Director, Lawyers' Committee for Civil Rights Under Law, Washington, DC; Amy Lynne Rudd, Senior Litigating Attorney, Lindsey Beth Cohan, Dechert, L.L.P., Austin, TX; Myrna Perez, Deputy Director, NYU School of Law, Brennan Center for Justice, New York, NY.

For ESTELA GARCIA ESPINOSA, LIONEL ESTRADA, LA UNION DEL PUEBLO ENTERO, INCORPORATED, MARGARITO MARTINEZ LARA, MAXIMINA MARTINEZ LARA, EULALIO MENDEZ, JR., LENARD TAYLOR, Plaintiffs - Appellees: Robert Wayne Doggett, Texas RioGrande Legal Aid, Incorporated, Austin, TX; Jose Garza, San Antonio, TX; Marinda van Dalen, Texas RioGrande Legal Aid, Incorporated, Brownsville, TX.

For EVELYN BRICKNER, Plaintiff - Appellee: Chad Wilson Dunn, Esq., Brazil & Dunn, Houston, TX; Danielle Marie Lang, Campaign Legal Center, Washington, DC.

For GREG ABBOTT, in his Official Capacity as Governor of Texas, CARLOS CASCOS, in his Official Capacity as Texas Secretary of State, STATE OF TEXAS, STEVE MCCRAW, Defendants - Appellants: Scott A. Keller, Solicitor, J. Campbell Barker, Deputy Solicitor General, Matthew Hamilton Frederick, Deputy Solicitor General, Office of the Solicitor General, Austin, TX; Prerak Shah, Senior Counsel, Office of the Attorney General for the State of Texas, Austin, TX.

For EAGLE FORUM EDUCATION AND LEGAL DEFENSE FUND, Amicus Curiae: Lawrence John Joseph, Washington, DC.

For LAWRENCE CREWS, Amicus Curiae: Charles Justin Cooper, Cooper & Kirk, P.L.L.C., Washington, DC.

For CONSTITUTIONAL ACCOUNTABILITY CENTER, Amicus Curiae: Elizabeth Bonnie Wydra, Chief Counsel, Constitutional Accountability Center, Washington, DC.

For AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF RETIRED PERSONS, Amicus Curiae: Daniel B. Kohrman, Senior Attorney, AARP Foundation Litigation, Washington, DC.

For PROJECT ON FAIR REPRESENTATION, Amicus Curiae: William Consovoy, Consovoy McCarthy Park, P.L.L.C., Arlington, VA.

For LATINOJUSTICE PRLDEF, NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF LATINO ELECTED AND APPOINTED OFFICIALS EDUCATIONAL FUND, HISPANIC FEDERATION, HISPANIC NATIONAL BAR ASSOCIATION, MI FAMILIA VOTA EDUCATION FUND, VOTO LATINO, Amicus Curiae: Andrew M. Leblanc, Esq., Milbank, Tweed, Hadley & McCloy, L.L.P., Washington, DC.

For MARK WHITE, former Texas Election Administrator, DANA DEBEAUVOIR, former Texas Election Administrator, OSCAR VILLARREAL, CAROLYN GUIDRY, Amicus Curiae: Martin Jonathan Siegel, Law Office of Martin J. Siegel. P.C., Houston, TX.

For MOUNTAIN STATES LEGAL FOUNDATION, Amicus Curiae: Steven James Lechner, Esq., Mountain States Legal Foundation, Lakewood, CO.

For TWENTY-SEVEN U.S. SENATORS AND REPRESENTATIVES FROM TEXAS, Amicus Curiae: Stuart Kyle Duncan, Schaerr Duncan, L.L.P., Washington, DC.

For STATES OF INDIANA, ALABAMA, ARIZONA, ARKANSAS, GEORGIA, KANSAS, LOUISIANA, MICHIGAN, NEVADA, OHIO, OKLAHOMA, SOUTH CAROLINA, UTAH, WEST VIRGINIA, AND WISCONSIN, Amicus Curiae: Thomas Molnar Fisher, Solicitor General, Office of the Attorney General for the State of Indiana, Indianapolis, IN.

For AMERICAN CIVIL LIBERTIES UNION, AMERICAN CIVIL LIBERTIES OF TEXAS, Amicus Curiae: Dale Edwin Ho, Director, Sean Young, American Civil Liberties Union Foundation, Voting Rights Project, New York, NY; Rebecca L. Robertson, Attorney, American Civil Liberties Union of Texas, Houston, TX.

For LECTRONIC PRIVACY INFORMATION CENTER, Amicus Curiae: Marc Rotenberg, Alan Butler, Caitriona Fitzgerald, Aimee Thomson, Electronic Privacy Information Center (EPIC), Washington, DC.

Before STEWART, Chief Judge, and JOLLY, DAVIS, JONES, SMITH, DENNIS, CLEMENT, PRADO, OWEN, ELROD, SOUTHWICK, HAYNES, GRAVES, HIGGINSON, and COSTA, Circuit Judges. HAYNES, Circuit Judge, joined by STEWART, Chief Judge, and DAVIS, PRADO, SOUTHWICK, GRAVES, and HIGGINSON, Circuit Judges, in full; DENNIS and COSTA, Circuit Judges, joining in all but Part II.A.1 and concurring in the judgment.1

OPINION

In 2011, Texas (" the State" ) passed Senate Bill 14 (" SB 14" ), which requires individuals to present one of several forms of photo identification in order to vote. See Act of May 16, 2011, 82d Leg., R.S., ch. 123, 2011 Tex. Gen. Laws 619. Plaintiffs filed suit challenging the constitutionality and legality of the law. The district court held that SB 14 was enacted with a racially discriminatory purpose, has a racially discriminatory effect, is a poll tax, and unconstitutionally burdens the right to vote. See Veasey v. Perry, 71 F.Supp.3d 627, 633 (S.D. Tex. 2014). The State appealed from that decision, and a panel of our court affirmed in part, vacated in part, and remanded the case for further findings. See Veasey v. Abbott, 796 F.3d 487, 493 (5th Cir. 2015), reh'g en banc granted, 815 F.3d 958 (5th Cir. 2016). The State filed a petition for this court to rehear the case en banc, which we granted.

I. Background

A. Senate Bill 14

Prior to the implementation of SB 14, a Texas voter could cast a ballot in person by presenting a registration certificate--a document mailed to voters upon registration. Tex. Elec. Code § § 13.142, 63.001(b) (West 2010). Voters appearing without the certificate could cast a ballot by signing an...

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