862 F.2d 1398 (9th Cir. 1988), 87-5659, Rosenthal v. Fonda
|Citation:||862 F.2d 1398|
|Party Name:||Richard M. ROSENTHAL, Plaintiff-Appellant, v. Jane FONDA, et al., Defendant-Appellee.|
|Case Date:||December 13, 1988|
|Court:||United States Courts of Appeals, Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit|
Argued and Submitted Aug. 1, 1988.
Lawrence B. Steinberg, Wyman, Bautzer, Kuchel & Silbert, Los Angeles, Cal., for plaintiff-appellant.
Stanton L. Stein, Stein & Kahan, Santa Monica, Cal., for defendant-appellee.
Appeal from the United States District Court for the Central District of California.
Before FLETCHER, CANBY and O'SCANNLAIN, Circuit Judges.
CANBY, Circuit Judge:
Richard Rosenthal appeals the district court's grant of summary judgment in favor of Jane Fonda and four of her related corporations. The district court determined that New York law controlled this dispute and that New York's statute of frauds barred Rosenthal's claim against Fonda for breach of an oral contract. On appeal, Rosenthal contends that California, not New York, law should control this action and that California's statute of frauds does not bar his oral contract claim against Fonda. In addition, Rosenthal contends that even if New York law does properly control, his contract with Fonda is not barred by New York's statute of frauds. We affirm the district court's holding that New York's statute of frauds controls and that it serves to bar Rosenthal from enforcing this oral contract against Fonda.
This action arises out of the twelve year relationship between Jane Fonda and her former attorney and general business manager, Richard Rosenthal. In 1968, Fonda, a California resident, retained the services of a New York law firm. She entered into an oral agreement with the firm that she would pay five percent of her earnings as compensation for the firm's services. Rosenthal, an attorney with the firm, assumed responsibility for a large share of the firm's activities on Fonda's behalf. In 1971, the law firm dissolved and in 1972, Rosenthal began to represent Fonda as an independent private practitioner. Rosenthal alleges that in April of 1972, he and Fonda entered into an oral contract whereby
he agreed to continue performing a variety of services for Fonda and she, in turn, agreed to pay him ten percent of all gross professional income derived from the projects that were initiated during his tenure.
Rosenthal continued to represent Fonda from his New York office. In 1978, Rosenthal and his family moved to California, at Fonda's request, so that he could be closer to her and represent her more efficiently. Despite relocating, Rosenthal maintained a home and an office in New York. Fonda discharged Rosenthal approximately two years later, on May 30, 1980.
Rosenthal brought suit against Fonda in California district court to recover commissions on projects that were initiated during his tenure and produced or continued to produce income after his termination. The district court granted Fonda's motion for partial summary judgment, holding that New York's statute of frauds applied and served to bar Rosenthal's oral contract claim unless Fonda was equitably estopped from asserting the statute as a defense. After a bench trial on the equitable estoppel issue, the district court granted Fonda's motion for a directed verdict, ruling that she was not equitably estopped from asserting the defense. 1 Accordingly, the court entered judgment for Fonda.
We have jurisdiction pursuant to 28 U.S.C. Sec. 1291. Rosenthal appeals the district court's grant of summary judgment in favor of Fonda, thus, we review the court's decision de novo. KL Group v. Case, Kay & Lynch, 829 F.2d 909, 914 (9th Cir.1987). See also Ledesma v. Jack Stewart Produce, Inc., 816 F.2d 482, 484 (9th Cir.1987) (district court's conflict of law determination is reviewed de novo ).
Rosenthal contends that the district court should have applied California, not New York, law to resolve this dispute. The district court correctly recognized that a federal court sitting in diversity must apply the conflict of law rules of the forum. Klaxon Co. v. Stentor Electric Mfg. Co., 313 U.S. 487, 496, 61 S.Ct. 1020, 1021, 85 L.Ed. 1477 (1941). This case comes from the United States District Court for the Central District of California; therefore, California's conflict of law rules apply to determine whether California or New York law should properly control this case. California utilizes the "governmental interest" analysis in deciding conflicts of law. See Liew v. Official Receiver and Liquidator, 685 F.2d 1192, 1195-96 (9th Cir.1982).
The application of California's governmental interest...
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