896 F.3d 278 (4th Cir. 2018), 17-1582, Adbul-Mumit v. Alexandria Hyundai, LLC

Docket Nº:17-1582, 17-1587, 17-1611
Citation:896 F.3d 278, 101 Fed.R.Serv.3d 8
Opinion Judge:THACKER, Circuit Judge:
Party Name:Jihad ADBUL-MUMIT; Matthew Abedi; Monica Adair Sargent; Mark Agee; Aliz Agoston; Yvonne Alston; Dan Amatruda; Kristy Ambrose; Kimberley Amick; Wanda G. Amos; Christopher Arauza; Carl Arsenault; Brooke Asher; Michelle Atkins; Raymond O. Atkins; Matthew Atwell; David Aub; Soha Ayyash; Asif Aziz; Susan Bailey; Karen Baker; Hab Baker, III; Terry ...
Attorney:James B. Feinman, James B. Feinman & Associates, Lynchburg, Virginia, for Appellants. Shon Morgan, Quinn Emanuel Urquhart & Sullivan LLP, Los Angeles, California, for Appellees. Jakarra J. Jones, Richmond, Virginia, James F. Neale, McGuirewoods LLP, Charlottesville, Virginia; David Cooper, Quinn ...
Judge Panel:Before THACKER and HARRIS, Circuit Judges, and SHEDD, Senior Circuit Judge.
Case Date:July 13, 2018
Court:United States Courts of Appeals, Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit
 
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Page 278

896 F.3d 278 (4th Cir. 2018)

101 Fed.R.Serv.3d 8

Jihad ADBUL-MUMIT; Matthew Abedi; Monica Adair Sargent; Mark Agee; Aliz Agoston; Yvonne Alston; Dan Amatruda; Kristy Ambrose; Kimberley Amick; Wanda G. Amos; Christopher Arauza; Carl Arsenault; Brooke Asher; Michelle Atkins; Raymond O. Atkins; Matthew Atwell; David Aub; Soha Ayyash; Asif Aziz; Susan Bailey; Karen Baker; Hab Baker, III; Terry Barnes; Joseph Bartell; Harry L. Barton; Benjamin Basham; Matthew Basilone; John Baxter; John Beasley; Timm Betcher; Elizabeth Belevan; Barbara Bell; Judy Bender; Amine Berbale; James Berling; Sharon Bisdee; William Bonner; Walter Bordeaux; Gary Boyette; Todd Bradbury; Karen Bradbury; John Brancato; William Brewster; Lori Brodie; Gloria Brooks; Else Brown; Melanie Brown; Angela Brown; Gary Brown; Jeanne Brown; Sydney Brumbelow; Jan Burford; Sara Burruss; Jamie Burton; Joseph Caldarelli; Jason Call; Todd Carlson; Howard L. Carpenter; Cynthia Carter; Frederick Carter; Jacklyn Casselle-Tupponce; Jared Castro; Rebecca Catlett; Susan Cave; Kirt Chappelle; Linda Cheeseboro; Roger Chesley, Jr.; Steve Childress; Dan Cho; Sung Cho; Sung Chun; William Clark; Linda Clune; Stuart Cochran; Charles Cochrane; Angel Collins; Henry Shane Colvin; Karri Colvin; Carly Connelly; Angie Conner; Jeremy Conrad; Philip Corrao; Kimberly Crawford; Margaret Crittendon; April Crocker; William Cromer; Jay Cunningham; Mary Curtis; Robert Daniels; Donna Davis; Boyd Davis; Lisa Davis; Roger Davis; Michelle Debrosse; Michael Decanio; Alma Delia Deleon; Jennifer Demarco; Anthony Depaul, Jr.; George D. Despert, III; Cynthia Devane; Ruth Diaz; Ron Dickman; Sheri Dixson; Sonya Dodson; Jesenia Dominguez; Terry Donaldson; Latavia Drew; Arlene Drewry; Christina Drugatz; Karen Duncan; Sandra K. Dunton; Jeff Eddy; Deborah Edge; Deborah Edgefield; Pamela Edwards; Kasey Eike; Miriah Eisenman; Frederick Eitel; Sharon Ekstrand; Nicole Elsesser; Joseph Elton; Karen Evans; Mase Fabar; Floyd Fallin, Jr.; James Basham; Elizabeth Farrell; Margie D. Fauls; Caitlin Feeley; Barry Feldman; Brian Feldman; Wanda Ferguson; James Fickle; Shirley Fickle; Scott Flora; Thomas Robert Franco; John Franklin; Tammy Franklin; Anthony Frederick; Tracy Frederick; Thomas Freeze; Adam Furman; Alicia Fusco; Donna Gaddis; Guillermo Galarza; Ivan Galloway, Jr.; Ida Garner; Willis M. Gary; Kurt Gergle; Tarun Ghai; Elaine Gibson; Helen Gillespie; Melody Gilley; Tanja Gilmore; Brian Glaub; Barry Goldberg; Scott Goodman; Richard Gould; Troy L. Graham; Gabriela Grajeda; Elizabeth Grant; Brandi Gray; Christie Gray; Janie Gray; Valerie Gray; Grayberg; Ayndria Green; Diana Griffin; Paul L. Grover; Jessica Groves; Dedra Gueno; Carl Gussgard; Arnold Gutman; Julian Gutterman; Tessie Gutterman; Lisa Hagerty; Lauren Hagy; Cedon J. Haley, Jr.; Dorothy Halpin; Nancy N. Hamlett; Erestine Harding; Deborah Hare; Aquisi Harris; Kendall Harris; Mary Harris; Patrice A. Harris; Brianna Harrison; Sharon Harrison; Sharon Hart; Lee Ann Hartmann; Patricia Hauser; Deanna Haverly; Leslie Hearn; Kathleen Hedrick; Amanda Heinlein; Charles Helms; Robert Hendrickson; Stephen Herman; James Herrington; William Hester, Jr.; Debbie Hetterly; Nancy Hickman; Jeremy Hillberry; Greg E. Hines; Robert Hite; Brittany Hoban; Pam Hodges; Thurman Hodges; Christopher Hoehn; Carolyn Horchner; Jeffrey Horchner; Betty Hornick; Jennifer Horning; Major M. Horton; Bitsy House; Alyssa Hronowski; Teddy Huddleston; Jerry Hudson, Sr.; Hubert Hughes; Shay Hunter; Mark Hustead; Carol Hutchinson; Nathen Illidge; George Ioannou; Frances Jacocks; Patricia Jacocks; Jason Jaffeux; Sally James; Stacey Jansen; Joyce Janto; Walter Jeffries; Janice Jenkins; Chelsea Johnson; Monica Johnson; Rasheedah Johnson; Todd Johnson; Derwood Johnston; John Johnstone; Christina Jones; Pamela Jones; Wilber B. Jones; Richard Jordan; Sandra Jordan; Sheryl Jordan; Jennifer Justice; Kim Keating; Cody Kelly; Teresa Kelly; Melanie Kenyon; John Kerr; Shea Kersey; Hannah Kight; William Kight; Mikyung Kim; Carolyn Kines; Larry King; Susan King; Vernon Kirby; Diana Kite; Edward Kizer; Patsy Kizer; John A. Knight; Connie Kniseley; Donna Knoell; Amanda Kozak; Tamara Krobert; Frank Kulovitz; Carl Kuri; Kelly Kusek; Victor C. Kvietkus; Brenda Lackey; Tammy Lackey; Mary Lang; Markus Lange; Catherine Lantz; Glenn Lavinder; Christopher Legendre; Barbara Leggett; David Lehman; Calvin Lewis; Calvin Lewis; Regina Lewis; Delores Lindblom; William Lipford; Ashley Lippolis-Aviles; Mike Littman; Billy Llewellyn; Robin Lovett; David Loving; Cyane Lowden; Ken Lu; Joshua Lubeck; Robert R. Lucas; Patricia Lyons; William Lyons; Christine Maccaslin; Anita Madison; John Malizia; Suzanne Malizia; Thomas Malone; Stanley Marcus; Heather Matsey; James Matsey; Rodney Matthews; Shawna Mattocks; Matthew Mattro; Jeff May; Harold Mayhew, Jr.; Shawn Maynor; Diandra Mayo; Robert McCarraher; Penny McCeney; Robert McClelland; Michael McClenning; Robert McCurdy; Joseph McDaniel; Susan McFadden; William McFadden; Mark McGinley; Richard McGruder; Victoria McGruder; Donald McIntire; Karen Meller; Karen Meller; Carmen Mercado; Scott Meyers; Carol Mieggs; Christy Miller; David Miller; Ron Miller; Maria Ming Li; Mary Mitchell; Terrie Mitchell; Banks Mitchum; Benjamin Moher; David Molinari; Jung Moon; Karen Mooney; Bonnie Moore; Monte Morgan; Phillip Morgan; William Morgan; Bryon Moss; Suzanne Mowbray; David Mulligan; Mary Mulligan; Nancy Murray; Roger Myers; Patrick Nance; Dennis Negran; Pennie Newell; Glen Newitt; Jacqui Newitt; Edward Newman, Jr.; Kevin Newsome; Reveredy Nicholson; Patricia Nicosia; Randall Nixon; Karen Nolan; Ryan Nolette; Bryan Nordquist; Sergei Novitsky; Jonathan O’Brien; William O’Flynn; Karen O’Neil; Adrian Odya-Weis; Dennis Oleary; John Olsen; Tana Rae Oropeza; Brian Osborne; Candace Owens; Lynn Page; Tanya Palik; Rona Palmer; Ashley Pannell; Harry Paulette; Tanya Peake; Donna Pearson; Richard Pearson; John Pedersen; Chris Pena; Roy Mason Pennington, III; Nicholas Perez; Greg Perigard; Kim Perkins; Mark Perry; Brady Peters; Karen Peters; Thomas Petit; Rebecca Petrella; Susan Petrie; Adrian Phillips, Jr.; Anne Picciano; John Picciano; Carl Pierce; Sivathanu Pillai; Debra Pines; Charles Pinkard; Lilia Pinson; Arlove Plunkett; Timothy Pohlig; Denise Poindexter; Rachel Poliquin; Margaret Pomeroy; David Poore, III; Laura Potter; Kathy Powers; Linda Pratt; Bernard Presgraves; Jason Price; Denise Pryor; Joshua Pucci; Victoria Puckett; Sara Pullen; Tony Pulley; Cynthia Quattlebaum; Eva Ralston; William Ralston; Hannah Ramey; Jacqueline Randolph; Thomas Randolph; Michael Ranger; Brad Ransom; Henry Requejo; David Reynolds; Rose Ricker; Danny Riddle; Robin Robert; Joshua Roberts; Mary Roberts; Annie Robinson; Antonio Robinson; Rocky Rockburn; Drew Roper; Troy Rosier; Eric Rothman; Brian Rowe; Juliet Rowland; John Rowley; Nancy Rowsey; Stephen Rubis; Kyle Russell; Jennifer Ryan; Thomas Ryder; Joseph Salazar; Randall Samples; Rebecca Samuelson; Thomas Sanchez; Aaron Sanders; Asok Kumar Sarkar; Tom Scarcella; Edward Scearce; Shane Schlesman; Wade Schwanke, Jr.; Gwen Seal; Amy Seay; Bradley Seay; Charles Seltman; Patty Senter; Lynn Settle; Tim Seymour; Ronald Sharp; Ernest Sharpe; Shirley Shaw; Stephanie Shelor; Michelle Shifflett; Sandra Shifflett; June Shores; D. Shawn Shumake; Nina Sibert; Robert Silber; Christian Simmers; Mary Singhas; Randall Singhas; Amy Smith; Daphne Hope Smith; Lisa Smith; Stephen Smith; Suzanne Smith; Kristine Smolens; Howard Snyder; Wesley Songer; Emily Sparks; Brian Spencer; Svetlana Spencer; Patricia Spier; Lori Spik; Derek St. Onge; Ronald Stafford; Jonathan Starks; Mark Stephens; Terry Stepp; Sarah Stevenson; Eric Stewart; Roxanne Stith; Tim Stoessel; Jean Stotler; Sara Stramel; Larry Strayhorn; Franklin Sturkey; Ben Sullenger; Yolanda Sullivan; John Sutor; Wanda Sutphin; Sharon Swinburne; Stella Tang; Andrew Taylor; Ann Taylor; Donna Taylor; Ji Ji Thekkeveedu; Christopher Thome; Michael Thome; David Thompson; Tom Thompson; Ashli Thurston; Christopher Tokar; Dion Tomer; Clifford Trimble; Sergio Tromba; Adeline Trotter; James Turner; Jeffrey Turner; Owens Turner, Jr.; Marilyn Twine; Lonnie Urquhart; Cheri Valverde; Mike Vammino; Carrie Van Hook; Katherine Vandenbrieje; Milca Vargas; Mary Vaughan; Robena Vaughan; Jessyca Venice; Kimberly Vest; Carol Viergutz; Maryann Villies; Patrice Vossler; Amada Wagoner; Stacy Waller; Gary Walton; Gretchen Ward; Shelia Ward; Daniel Waxman; Christopher Weaver; Margaret Webb; Laura Weisiger; Stephany Whipple; David Whitley; Sarah Whitlock; Diane Wien; Robert T. Wiener; Christopher Wilcher; Mindy Williams; Vincent Williams; Hannah Wilson; Juanita Wilson; Ried Wilson; Charles Wiser; Sharon Wiser; Mark Woehler; Kenneth Womack; Emily Wong; Gregory Woods; Katheryn Woosley; Carol Wright; Jonathan Wright; Mary Wright; Thomas Wright; Timothy Wright, Jr.; Leslie Yamnicky; Kenneth Yates; Jamie Young; Sandra Young; Robert Younie, Ii; Atef Zayd, Plaintiffs-Appellants,

v.

ALEXANDRIA HYUNDAI, LLC; Brown’s Leesburg Hyundai, LLC; Brown’s Manassas Hyundai, LLC; Checkered Flag Imports, Incorporated; Checkered Flag Store #6, LLC; Craft Automotive, Incorporated; Duncan Imports, Incorporated; Fairfax Hyundai, Incorporated; First Team, Incorporated; Gateway Hyundai, Incorporated; Hall Automotive Group, Incorporated; Hall Hyundai Newport News, LLC; Hall Hyundai, LLC; Hyundai Motor America, Incorporated; Miller Auto Sales, Incorporated; Cavalier Hyundai, Incorporated; Harrisonburg Auto Mall, LLC; James City County Associates, Incorporated; Malloy Hyundai; Poha nka Auto Center, Incorporated; Price Hyundai Corporation; Priority Greenbrier Automotive, Incorporated; Priority Imports Newport News, Incorporated; Robert Woodall Chevrolet, Incorporated; Tysinger Motor Company, Incorporated; Wbm, Incorporated, D/B/A West Broad Hyundai; Wright Way Automotive, Incorporated, Defendants-Appellees.

Alim Adburahman; John Abel; Lena Abel; Tamara
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