900 F.2d 283 (D.C. Cir. 1990), 87-5388 through 87-5397, U.S. v. Western Elec. Co.

Docket Nº:87-5388 through 87-5397 and 88-5276 through 88-5284.
Citation:900 F.2d 283
Party Name:UNITED STATES of America v. WESTERN ELECTRIC COMPANY, et al. Competitive Telecommunications Association, National Consumers League Black Citizen for a Fair Media, Intervenors. Appeal of PACIFIC TELESIS GROUP, et al. (Two Cases). UNITED STATES of America v. WESTERN ELECTRIC COMPANY, et al. (Eighteen Cases). Appeal of NYNEX CORPORATION (Two Cases). A
Case Date:April 03, 1990
Court:United States Courts of Appeals, Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit
 
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Page 283

900 F.2d 283 (D.C. Cir. 1990)

UNITED STATES of America

v.

WESTERN ELECTRIC COMPANY, et al. Competitive

Telecommunications Association, National Consumers

League Black Citizen for a Fair Media,

Intervenors.

Appeal of PACIFIC TELESIS GROUP, et al. (Two Cases).

UNITED STATES of America

v.

WESTERN ELECTRIC COMPANY, et al. (Eighteen Cases).

Appeal of NYNEX CORPORATION (Two Cases).

Appeal of US WEST, INC. (Two Cases).

Appeal of AMERICAN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES CORPORATION (Two Cases).

Appeal of BELLSOUTH CORPORATION (Two Cases).

Appeal of PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION OF THE DISTRICT OF

COLUMBIA (Two Cases).

Appeal of PEOPLE OF the STATE OF CALIFORNIA, et al.

Appeal of SOUTHWESTERN BELL CORPORATION (Two Cases).

Appeal of BELL ATLANTIC (Two Cases).

Nos. 87-5388 through 87-5397 and 88-5276 through 88-5284.

United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit.

April 3, 1990

As Amended April 6, 1990.

Argued Dec. 6, 1989.

Stephen M. Shapiro, with whom R. Frost Branon, Jr. for BellSouth Corp.; Richard W. Odgers, Margaret deB. Brown and Stanley J. Moore for Pacific Telesis Group; James D. Ellis and James S. Golden for Southwestern Bell Corp.; Robert A. Levetown and John Thorne for Bell Atlantic Corp.; Raymond F. Burke and Gerald E.

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[Copyrighted Material Omitted]

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[Copyrighted Material Omitted]

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Murray for NYNEX Corp.; Jeffrey S. Bork for US West, Inc., C. Douglas Floyd and Frank Cicero, Jr., were on the joint brief, for the Regional Telephone Co. appellants. Abbott B. Lipsky, Jr. for BellSouth Corp.; Liam S. Coonan and Paul G. Lane for Southwestern Bell Corp.; Mark J. Mathis, James R. Young, John M. Goodman and Michael D. Lowe for Bell Atlantic Corp.; Robert V.R. Dalenberg and Martin Silverman for NYNEX Corp., also entered appearances for the Regional Telephone Companies.

Laurence H. Tribe, with whom R. Frost Branon, Jr. for BellSouth Corp.; Richard W. Odgers and Margaret deB. Brown for Pacific Telesis Group; James D. Ellis and James S. Golden for Southwestern Bell Corp.; Robert A. Levetown and John Thorne for Bell Atlantic Corp.; Raymond F. Burke and Gerald E. Murray for NYNEX Corp.; Jeffrey S. Bork for US West, Inc., Stephen M. Shapiro, Floyd Abrams, Abbott B. Lipsky, Jr., C. Douglas Floyd and Frank Cicero, Jr., were on the joint brief for the Regional Telephone Co. appellants Regarding Information Services. Liam S. Coonan and Paul G. Lane for Southwestern Bell Corp.; Mark J. Mathis, James R. Young, John M. Goodman and Michael D. Lowe for Bell Atlantic Corp.; Robert V.R. Dalenberg and Martin Silverman for NYNEX Corp., also entered appearances for the Regional Telephone Companies.

Alison Leigh Smith, Atty., Dept. of Justice, for appellants U.S. James F. Rill, Asst. Atty. Gen., Catherine G. O'Sullivan, Barry Grossman, Nancy C. Garrison and Andrea Limmer, Attys., Dept. of Justice, were on the brief, for appellants U.S.

Gretchen T. Dumas for appellants People of the State of Cal. and the Public Utilities Com'n of the State of Cal. Janice E. Kerr and J. Calvin Simpson also entered appearances for the People of the State of Cal. and the Public Utilities Com'n of the State of Cal.

John E. Ingle, Deputy Associate Gen. Counsel, F.C.C., with whom Diane S. Killory, Gen. Counsel, Daniel M. Armstrong, Associate Gen. Counsel, and Linda L. Oliver, Counsel, F.C.C., were on the brief for amicus curiae urging remand.

Howard C. Davenport, with whom Gilbert E. Hardy, Mary J. Sisak and Peter G. Wolfe were on the brief, for appellant Public Service Com'n of the District of Columbia. Charles A. Tievsky also entered an appearance for Public Service Com'n of the District of Columbia.

Howard J. Trienens, with whom David W. Carpenter, Francine J. Berry and Mark C. Rosenblum were on the brief, for appellee AT & T. Jonathan S. Hoak also entered an appearance for AT & T.

Thomas S. Martin, Chester T. Kamin, Michael H. Salsbury, Anthony C. Epstein, Carl S. Nadler and John R. Worthington for MCI Communications Corp.; Kenneth E. Hardman for Comcast Cellular Communications, Inc. (f/k/a American Cellular Network Corp.); Peter A. Rohrbach and Anthony S. Harrington for Nat. Telecommunications Network; Leon M.

Kestenbaum, Michael B. Fingerhut and Philip M. Walker for US Sprint Communications Co. Ltd. Partnership; Katherine M. Holden, Richard E. Wiley and R. Michael Senkowski for McCaw Communications Companies, Inc.; W. Theodore Pierson, Jr., Richard M. Singer and James W. Smith for Competitive Telecommunications Ass'n; Raymond G. Bender, Jr. and Laura H. Phillips for Cybertel Corp., were on the joint brief, for the Non-AT & T Interexchange and Mobil Services.

Robert F. Aldrich, with whom Albert Kramer for North American Telecommunications Ass'n; Herbert E. Marks and James L. Casserly for Independent Data Communications Mfrs. Ass'n; John W. Pettit and Thomas K. Crowe for Tandy Corp.; Sue D. Blumenfeld and John L. McGrew for Telecommunications Industry Ass'n, were on the joint brief of the Manufacturing appellees.

Gene Kimmelman, with whom James S. Blaszak and Charles C. Hunter for Ad Hoc Telecommunications Users Committee; Bruce J. Weston and Margaret Ann Samuels for Ohio Consumers' Counsel; Gary L. Lieber, E. Jay Finkel and John M. Glynn for Maryland People's Counsel; Ian D. Volner

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and Mark L. Pelesh for Direct Marketing Ass'n, were on the joint brief of the Telephone Consumers.

E. Barrett Prettyman, Jr., with whom John G. Roberts, Jr., Richard E. Wiley, Michael Yourshaw, Katherine M. Holden, William B. Baker and W. Terry Maguire for American Newspaper Publishers Ass'n; Werner K. Hartenberger and Laura H. Phillips for Cox Enterprises, Inc.; Frank W. Lloyd and Diane B. Burstein for Leghorn Telepublishing Co.; Brenda L. Fox, H. Bartow Farr, III, Joel I. Klein and Robert H. Tiller for Nat. Cable Television Ass'n, Inc.; John W. Pettit and Thomas K. Crowe for Phone Programs, Inc.; Richard E. Wiley and Robert J. Butler for Information Industry Ass'n; Randolph J. May for CompuServe, Inc.; Sue D. Blumenfeld and John L. McGrew for The Dun and Bradstreet Corp.; Henry L. Baumann and Robert E. Branson for Nat. Ass'n of Broadcasters, were on the joint brief for Electronic Publishing Participants.

Joseph P. Markoski for ADAPSO; Howard D. Polsky for Alarm Industry Communications Committee; Stephen R. Bell for Tymnet-McDonnell Douglas Network Systems Co.; Simon Lazarus, III for the Computer and Business Equipment Mfrs. Ass'n; Phillip M. Walker and Donald E. Ward for Telenet Communications Corp., were on the joint brief Regarding Information Services. Ann J. LaFrance also entered an appearance for Tymnet McDonnell Douglas Network Systems Co.

Laurence H. Tribe, with whom R. Frost Branon, Jr. for BellSouth Corp.; Richard W. Odgers and Margaret deB. Brown for Pacific Telesis Group; James D. Ellis, Liam S. Coonan and Paul G. Lane for Southwestern Bell Corp.; Robert A. Levetown, John Thorne and Michael D. Lowe for Bell Atlantic Corp.; Raymond F. Burke, Gerald E. Murray and Mary McDermott for NYNEX Corp.; Jeffrey S. Bork for US West, Inc., Stephen M. Shapiro, Kenneth J. Chesebro, Abbott B. Lipsky, Jr. and C. Douglas Floyd, were on the brief, of the Regional Telephone Companies Supporting the Decisions on Information Transmission and Storage Services and Non-Telecommunications Businesses. Mark J. Mathis, James R. Young, John M. Goodman and Michael D. Lowe for Bell Atlantic Corp.; Robert V.R. Dalenberg and Martin Silverman for NYNEX Corp., also entered appearances for the Regional Telephone Companies.

Martin T. McCue and Rodney L. Joyce were on the brief for intervenor U.S. Telephone Ass'n.

Samuel A. Simon for Black Citizens for a Fair Media, et al.; Phillip D. Mink for Citizens for a Sound Economy Found.; Henry Geller and Donna Lampert for Henry Geller, et al., were on the joint brief for intervenors and amici, urging reversal. Harry M. Shooshan, III also entered an appearance for Henry Geller, et al.

L. Andrew Tollin was on the brief for intervenor The Media Institute.

Thomas S. Martin, with whom John R. Worthington, Chester T. Kamin, Michael H. Salsbury and Anthony C. Epstein for MCI Communications Corp.; Frank W. Lloyd and Diane B. Burstein for Leghorn Telepublishing Co.; Ian D. Volner and Mark L. Pelesh for Direct Marketing Ass'n; Bruce J. Weston and Margaret Ann Samuels for Ohio Consumers' Counsel; Howard D. Polsky for Alarm Industry Communications Committee; Randolph J. May for CompuServe, Inc.; R. Michael Senkowski and Katherine Holden for McCaw Cellular Communications, Inc.; Werner K. Hartenberger and Laura H. Phillips for Cox Enterprises, Inc.; Charles H. Helein and Laura H. Phillips for Enhanced Services Council; Peter A. Rohrbach for Nat. Telecommunications Network; Brenda L. Fox and Joel I. Klein for Nat. Cable Television Ass'n, Inc.; Leon M. Kestenbaum and Michael B. Fingerhut for US Sprint Communications Co. Ltd. Partnership; Herbert E. Marks and James L. Casserly for Independent Data Communications Mfrs. Ass'n, Inc.; John W. Pettit and Thomas K. Crowe for Tandy Corp.; John M. Glynn, Gary L. Lieber and E. Jay Finkel for Maryland People's Counsel; Kenneth E. Hardman for Comcast Cellular Communications, Inc.; Raymond G. Bender, Jr. and Laura H. Phillips for Cybertel Corporation; James S. Blaszak and Charles C. Hunter for Ad Hoc Telecommunications

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Users Committee; Sue D. Blumenfeld and John L. McGrew for The Dun and Bradstreet Corporation and Telecommunications Industry Ass'n; Paul H. Vishny for Telecommunications Industry Ass'n; Henry L. Baumann and Robert E. Branson for Nat. Assn. of Broadcasters; Gene Kimmelman for Consumer Federation of America; Joseph P. Markoski for ADAPSO; Albert H. Kramer and Robert F. Aldrich for North American Telecommunications Ass'n; W. Terry Maguire and Claudia M. James for American Newspaper Publishers Ass'n; Richard E. Wiley,...

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