902 F.3d 197 (3rd Cir. 2018), 16-4397, United States v. Fattah

Docket Nº:16-4397, 16-4410, 16-4411, 16-4427, 17-1346
Citation:902 F.3d 197
Opinion Judge:SMITH, Chief Judge.
Party Name:UNITED STATES of America, Appellant in 17-1346 v. Chaka FATTAH, Sr., Appellant in 16-4397 Karen Nicholas, Appellant in 16-4410 Robert Brand, Appellant in 16-4411 Herbert Vederman, Appellant in 16-4427
Attorney:Andrea G. Foulkes, Eric L. Gibson, Paul L. Gray, Robert A. Zauzmer, Office of United States Attorney, Jonathan Ian, Kravis United States Department of Justice, Criminal Division, Public Integrity Section, Counsel for the United States [ARGUED] Mark M. Lee, Bruce P. Merenstein, Samuel W. Silver, S...
Judge Panel:Before: SMITH, Chief Judge, GREENAWAY, JR., and KRAUSE, Circuit Judges
Case Date:August 09, 2018
Court:United States Courts of Appeals, Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit
 
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Page 197

902 F.3d 197 (3rd Cir. 2018)

UNITED STATES of America, Appellant in 17-1346

v.

Chaka FATTAH, Sr., Appellant in 16-4397 Karen Nicholas, Appellant in 16-4410 Robert Brand, Appellant in 16-4411 Herbert Vederman, Appellant in 16-4427

Nos. 16-4397, 16-4410, 16-4411, 16-4427, 17-1346

United States Court of Appeals, Third Circuit

August 9, 2018

Argued January 18, 2018

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On Appeal from the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania, District Court Nos. 2-15-cr-00346-001, 2-15-cr-00346-002, 2-15-cr-00346-003, 2-15-cr-00346-004, District Judge: The Honorable Harvey Bartle III

Andrea G. Foulkes, Eric L. Gibson, Paul L. Gray, Robert A. Zauzmer, Office of United States Attorney, Jonathan Ian, Kravis United States Department of Justice, Criminal Division, Public Integrity Section, Counsel for the United States [ARGUED]

Mark M. Lee, Bruce P. Merenstein, Samuel W. Silver, Schnader Harrison Segal & Lewis, Counsel for Appellant Fattah [ARGUED]

Ann C. Flannery, Counsel for Appellant Nicholas [ARGUED]

Alan Silber, Pashman Stein Walder Hayden, Counsel for National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers, Amicus Appellant Nicholas

Mira E. Baylson, Barry Gross, Meredith C. Slawe, Drinker Biddle & Reath, Counsel for Appellant Brand [ARGUED]

Henry W. Asbill, Buckley Sandler, Glen D. Nager, Jacob M. Roth, Julia W. M. F. Sheketoff, Jones Day, Counsel for Appellant Vederman [ARGUED]

Before: SMITH, Chief Judge, GREENAWAY, JR., and KRAUSE, Circuit Judges

OPINION

SMITH, Chief Judge.

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Table of Contents

I. Introduction.... 211
II. Background.... 212
A. The Fattah for Mayor Scheme.... 212
1. The Lord Loan and Its Repayment.... 212
2. ... .219
3. The NOAA Grant and the Phantom Conference.... 219
B. The Blue Guardians Scheme.... 221
C. The Fattah-Vederman Bribery Scheme.... 221
D. The Indictment and Trial.... 224
III. Juror Misconduct and Dismissal of Juror 12.... 231
A. Investigation of Alleged Juror Misconduct.... 232
B. Dismissal of Juror 12.... 234
IV. The District Court’s Instructions Under McDonnell .... 236
A. The McDonnell Framework.... 237
B. The Kirk Meeting.... 239
C. Fattah’s Efforts to Secure Vederman an Ambassadorship.... 240
D. The Zionts Hiring.... 241
E. Vederman’s Sufficiency Challenge to Counts 16-18 and 22-23.... 244
F. Blue Guardians.... 245
V. Sufficiency of the Evidence for the RICO Conspiracy Conviction.... 246
VI. Variance from the Indictment and Sufficiency of the Evidence for Count 2... .252
VII. The District Court’s Instruction to the Jury on the Meaning of Intent.... 256
VIII. Sending the Indictment to the Jury... .258
IX. The District Court’s Evidentiary Rulings.... 259
A. The District Court’s Application of Rule 404(b).... 259
B. Evidentiary Rulings Regarding Nicholas’s Defense.... 261
1. The EAA Board Minutes.... 261
2. Jones’ Memory Regarding Other Contracts.... 262
3. Exclusion of NOAA Evidence.... 263
C. The Cooperating Witness’s Mental Health Records.... 263
1. The District Court’s Denial of Access to the Mental Health Records.... 264
2. The District Court’s Grant of the Motion in Limine.... 265
X. The Government’s Cross-Appeal.... 267
A. CUMA is a Mortgage
...

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