934 N.E.2d 178 (Ind.App. 2010), 49A02-1003-CR-239, Upshaw v. State

Docket Nº49A02-1003-CR-239.
Citation934 N.E.2d 178
Opinion JudgeBAKER, Chief Judge.
Party NameSunder UPSHAW, Appellant-Defendant, v. STATE of Indiana, Appellee-Plaintiff.
AttorneyMatthew D. Anglemeyer, Indianapolis, IN, Attorney for Appellant. Gregory F. Zoeller, Attorney General of Indiana, Andrew R. Falk, Deputy Attorney General, Indianapolis, IN, Attorneys for Appellee.
Judge PanelNAJAM, J., and MATHIAS, J., concur.
Case DateSeptember 22, 2010
CourtCourt of Appeals of Indiana

Page 178

934 N.E.2d 178 (Ind.App. 2010)

Sunder UPSHAW, Appellant-Defendant,

v.

STATE of Indiana, Appellee-Plaintiff.

No. 49A02-1003-CR-239.

Court of Appeals of Indiana.

September 22, 2010

Page 179

[Copyrighted Material Omitted]

Page 180

Matthew D. Anglemeyer, Indianapolis, IN, Attorney for Appellant.

Gregory F. Zoeller, Attorney General of Indiana, Andrew R. Falk, Deputy Attorney General, Indianapolis, IN, Attorneys for Appellee.

OPINION

BAKER, Chief Judge.

Appellant-defendant Sunder Upshaw appeals following his convictions for Dealing in Cocaine,1 a class B felony, Possession of Marijuana, 2 a class A misdemeanor, and Driving While Suspended with a Prior Misdemeanor Conviction,3 a class A misdemeanor. Upshaw argues that the trial court erred by denying his motion to dismiss for an alleged violation of his right to a speedy trial pursuant to Indiana Criminal Rule 4(B). He also contends that there is insufficient evidence supporting his convictions for dealing in cocaine and driving while suspended with a prior misdemeanor conviction.

The State concedes that there is insufficient evidence supporting Upshaw's conviction for driving while suspended with a prior misdemeanor conviction. Consequently, we reverse that conviction. Finding sufficient evidence supporting the dealing in cocaine conviction and no other error, we affirm in all other respects and remand with instructions to amend the judgment of conviction consistently with this opinion.

FACTS

On March 27, 2009, Indianapolis Police Officer David Drane observed a vehicle traveling at a high rate of speed, traveling into oncoming traffic, and crossing the double yellow line to pass other vehicles. Officer Drane initiated a traffic stop, and after the vehicle came to a standstill, Upshaw exited. No one else was in the vehicle. The officer obtained Upshaw's identification, ordered Upshaw to get back in the vehicle, checked with his dispatcher, and learned that Upshaw had a suspended license.

As Officer Drane radioed for backup, he observed Drane moving towards the center console of the vehicle, holding something, and moving his hand toward his mouth. When other officers arrived, Officer Drane directed Upshaw to exit the vehicle. Upon exiting, Upshaw shouted, " I'm a dealer, I sell narcotics." Tr. p. 90, 122. One of the other officers took custody of Upshaw because he was " acting out," id. at 122, and Officer Drane advised Upshaw that he was under arrest for driving while suspended.

The other police officers observed substances later identified as marijuana and crack cocaine on the driver's seat, where Upshaw had been sitting. As Upshaw was being taken to the rear of his vehicle, he threatened the officers and kicked at them. After Officer Drane advised Upshaw of his rights, Upshaw responded that he understood his rights, calling Officer Drane " you bitch" and continuing to kick at the officers. Id. at 99-100, 102, 130. Officer Drane walked back towards Upshaw's vehicle to inspect the substances on the driver's seat, and Upshaw yelled, " [y]eah, that's mine, bitch," and " I sell drugs.

Page 181

That's mine, I sell drugs." Id. at 100, 159-60. Upon reaching the vehicle, Officer Drane observed plastic baggies on the vehicle's passenger seat and " ground up white chunks and green marijuana-like seeds" on the floorboard. Id. at 97, 102. Throughout the time Officer Drane was inspecting the vehicle, Upshaw was shouting, " You bitch, that's mine. I sell drugs." Id. at 102. In a search incident to Upshaw's arrest, the officers found $116 and a torn marijuana baggie in Upshaw's pants pocket.

On March 30, 2009, the State charged Upshaw with class B felony dealing in cocaine, class D felony possession of cocaine, class A misdemeanor and class D felony possession of marijuana, and class A misdemeanor driving while suspended with a prior misdemeanor conviction. On June 17, 2009, the State amended the charging information, adding charges of class B felony possession of cocaine, class A felony dealing in cocaine, and a habitual substance offender enhancement.

On August 4, 2009, Upshaw filed a motion for a speedy trial pursuant to Criminal Rule 4(B). The trial court granted the motion on August 11, found that the deadline was October 13, 2009, and set a trial for October 8, 2009.

On October 6, 2009, the State filed a motion to continue the trial because of the unavailability of key witnesses. The trial court denied the State's motion on October 7, and on October 8, released Upshaw on his own recognizance. The trial court reset Upshaw's trial for March 1, 2010.

Less than three weeks later, on October 27, the State moved to revoke Upshaw's bond in this case following his arrest in another, unrelated matter for class A misdemeanor battery of a police officer. The trial court granted the motion the same day.

On November 11, 2009, Upshaw renewed his motion for a fast and speedy trial. The trial court granted the motion, found that the new speedy trial deadline was January 11, 2010, and set the trial for December 28, 2009.

On December 1, 2009, Upshaw moved to dismiss, arguing that the Rule 4(B) fast and speedy deadline had passed. The trial court denied Upshaw's motion, finding that his " release status was revoked due to obtaining new and additional criminal charges." Appellant's App. p. 67-68.

Following Upshaw's January 7, 2010, bench trial, the trial court found him guilty of class B felony dealing in cocaine, class D felony possession of cocaine, class A misdemeanor possession of marijuana, class A misdemeanor driving while suspended with a prior misdemeanor conviction, and adjudged Upshaw to be a habitual substance offender. The trial court merged the possession of cocaine conviction into the dealing in cocaine conviction. The trial court sentenced Upshaw to eight years for dealing in cocaine, to one year each for possession of marijuana and driving while suspended with a prior misdemeanor conviction, to be...

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16 practice notes
  • 951 N.E.2d 869 (Ind.App. 2011), 79A04-1004-CR-346, Marzette v. State
    • United States
    • Indiana Court of Appeals of Indiana
    • 10 Agosto 2011
    ...compliance with one of the intentions underlying the rule allowing for speedy trial requests." Id. at 22 (citing Upshaw v. State, 934 N.E.2d 178, 182 (Ind.Ct.App.2010), trans. denied ). The State also argues that " Marzette's remedy for being released from custody pending his tria......
  • 38 N.E.3d 226 (Ind.App. 2015), 30A05-1408-CR-372, Mamon v. State
    • United States
    • Indiana Court of Appeals of Indiana
    • 17 Julio 2015
    ...State has an affirmative duty to try an incarcerated defendant who requests a speedy trial within seventy days." Upshaw v. State, 934 N.E.2d 178, 182 (Ind.Ct.App. 2010) (quotation omitted), trans. denied. However, " [a] defendant must maintain a position reasonably consistent with......
  • 56 N.E.3d 71 (Ind.App. 2016), 08A02-1508-CR-1278, Arion v. State
    • United States
    • Indiana Court of Appeals of Indiana
    • 22 Junio 2016
    ...released, and arrested later on an unrelated charge. Cundiff v. State, 967 N.E.2d 1026 (Ind. 2012); Upshaw v. State, 934 N.E.2d 178 (Ind.Ct.App. 2010) . These cases are clearly distinguishable from the case now before us in that Arion has not been released and arres......
  • McKinley v. State, 100615 INCA, 49A02-1502-CR-78
    • United States
    • Indiana Court of Appeals of Indiana
    • 6 Octubre 2015
    ...cocaine with intent to deliver. See, e.g., Thompson v. State, 966 N.E.2d 112, 122 (Ind.Ct.App. 2012), trans. denied; Upshaw v. State, 934 N.E.2d 178, 183 (Ind.Ct.App. 2010), trans. denied; Turner v. State, 878 N.E.2d 286, 295 (Ind.Ct.App. 2007), trans. denied; Stokes v. State, 801 N.E.2d 12......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
16 cases
  • 951 N.E.2d 869 (Ind.App. 2011), 79A04-1004-CR-346, Marzette v. State
    • United States
    • Indiana Court of Appeals of Indiana
    • 10 Agosto 2011
    ...compliance with one of the intentions underlying the rule allowing for speedy trial requests." Id. at 22 (citing Upshaw v. State, 934 N.E.2d 178, 182 (Ind.Ct.App.2010), trans. denied ). The State also argues that " Marzette's remedy for being released from custody pending his tria......
  • 38 N.E.3d 226 (Ind.App. 2015), 30A05-1408-CR-372, Mamon v. State
    • United States
    • Indiana Court of Appeals of Indiana
    • 17 Julio 2015
    ...State has an affirmative duty to try an incarcerated defendant who requests a speedy trial within seventy days." Upshaw v. State, 934 N.E.2d 178, 182 (Ind.Ct.App. 2010) (quotation omitted), trans. denied. However, " [a] defendant must maintain a position reasonably consistent with......
  • 56 N.E.3d 71 (Ind.App. 2016), 08A02-1508-CR-1278, Arion v. State
    • United States
    • Indiana Court of Appeals of Indiana
    • 22 Junio 2016
    ...released, and arrested later on an unrelated charge. Cundiff v. State, 967 N.E.2d 1026 (Ind. 2012); Upshaw v. State, 934 N.E.2d 178 (Ind.Ct.App. 2010) . These cases are clearly distinguishable from the case now before us in that Arion has not been released and arres......
  • McKinley v. State, 100615 INCA, 49A02-1502-CR-78
    • United States
    • Indiana Court of Appeals of Indiana
    • 6 Octubre 2015
    ...cocaine with intent to deliver. See, e.g., Thompson v. State, 966 N.E.2d 112, 122 (Ind.Ct.App. 2012), trans. denied; Upshaw v. State, 934 N.E.2d 178, 183 (Ind.Ct.App. 2010), trans. denied; Turner v. State, 878 N.E.2d 286, 295 (Ind.Ct.App. 2007), trans. denied; Stokes v. State, 801 N.E.2d 12......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

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