941 F.3d 410 (9th Cir. 2019), 19-15072, State of California v. U.S. Department of Health & Human Services

Docket Nº19-15072, 19-15118, 19-15150
Citation941 F.3d 410
Opinion JudgeWALLACE, Circuit Judge:
Party NameState of CALIFORNIA; State of Delaware; Commonwealth of Virginia; State of Maryland; State of New York; State of Illinois; State of Washington; State of Minnesota; State of Connecticut; District of Columbia; State of North Carolina; State of Vermont; State of Rhode Island; State of Hawaii, Plaintiffs-Appellees, v. U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH & HU...
AttorneyBrinton Lucas (argued), Sharon Swingle, Lowell V. Sturgill Jr., and Karen Schoen, Appellate Staff; David L. Anderson, United States Attorney; Hashim M. Mooppan, Deputy Assistant Attorney General; Joseph H. Hunt, Assistant Attorney General; Civil Division, United States Department of Justice, Wash...
Judge PanelBefore: J. Clifford Wallace, Andrew J. Kleinfeld, and Susan P. Graber, Circuit Judges. KLEINFELD, Senior Circuit Judge, dissenting
Case DateOctober 22, 2019
CourtUnited States Courts of Appeals, United States Court of Appeals (9th Circuit)

Page 410

941 F.3d 410 (9th Cir. 2019)

State of CALIFORNIA; State of Delaware; Commonwealth of Virginia; State of Maryland; State of New York; State of Illinois; State of Washington; State of Minnesota; State of Connecticut; District of Columbia; State of North Carolina; State of Vermont; State of Rhode Island; State of Hawaii, Plaintiffs-Appellees,

v.

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH & HUMAN SERVICES; U.S. Department of Labor; R. Alexander Acosta, in his official capacity as Secretary of the U.S. Department of Labor; Alex M. Azar II, Secretary of the United States Department of Health and Human Services; U.S. Department of the Treasury; Steven Terner Mnuchin, in his official capacity as Secretary of the U.S. Department of the Treasury, Defendants,

and

The Little Sisters of the Poor Jeanne Jugan Residence, Intervenor-Defendant-Appellant.

State of California; State of Delaware; Commonwealth of Virginia; State of Maryland; State of New York; State of Illinois; State of Washington; State of Minnesota; State of Connecticut; District of Columbia; State of North Carolina; State of Vermont; State of Rhode Island; State of Hawaii, Plaintiffs-Appellees,

v.

U.S. Department of Health & Human Services; U.S. Department of Labor; R. Alexander Acosta, in his official capacity as Secretary of the U.S. Department of Labor; Alex M. Azar II, Secretary of the United States Department of Health and Human Services; U.S. Department of the Treasury; Steven Terner Mnuchin, in his official capacity as Secretary of the U.S. Department of the Treasury, Defendants-Appellants,

and

The Little Sisters of the Poor Jeanne Jugan Residence, Intervenor-Defendant.

State of California; State of Delaware; Commonwealth of Virginia; State of Maryland; State of New York; State of Illinois; State of Washington; State of Minnesota; State of Connecticut; District of Columbia; State of North Carolina; State of Vermont; State of Rhode Island; State of Hawaii, Plaintiffs-Appellees,

v.

U.S. Department of Health & Human Services; U.S. Department of Labor; R. Alexander Acosta, in his official capacity as Secretary of the U.S. Department of Labor; Alex M. Azar II, Secretary of the United States Department of Health and Human Services; U.S. Department of the Treasury; Steven Terner Mnuchin, in his official capacity as Secretary of the U.S. Department of the Treasury, Defendants,

an

d March for Life Education and Defense Fund, Intervenor-Defendant-Appellant.

Nos. 19-15072, 19-15118, 19-15150

United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit

October 22, 2019

Argued and Submitted June 6, 2019 San Francisco, California

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Brinton Lucas (argued), Sharon Swingle, Lowell V. Sturgill Jr., and Karen Schoen, Appellate Staff; David L. Anderson, United States Attorney; Hashim M. Mooppan, Deputy Assistant Attorney General; Joseph H. Hunt, Assistant Attorney General; Civil Division, United States Department of Justice, Washington, D.C.; for Defendants-Appellants.

Mark Rienzi (argued), Eric C. Rassbach, Lori H. Windham, Diana M. Vern, Chase T. Harrington, and Chris Pagliarella, The Becket Fund for Religious Liberty, Washington, D.C., for Intervenor-Defendant-Appellant The Little Sisters of the Poor Jeanne Jugan Residence.

Kenneth J. Connelly (argued), David A. Cortman, and Kevin H. Theriot, Alliance Defending Freedom, Scottsdale, Arizona; Gregory S. Baylor and Christen M. Price, Alliance Defending Freedom, Washington, D.C.; Brian R. Chavez-Ochoa, Chavez-Ochoa Law Offices Ins., Valley Springs, California; for Intervenor-Defendant-Appellant March for Life Education and Defense Fund.

Karli A. Eisenberg (argued) and Nimrod Pitsker Elias, Deputy Attorneys General; Kathleen Boergers, Supervising Deputy Attorney General; Michael L. Newman, Senior Assistant Attorney General; Xavier Becerra, Attorney General; Office of the Attorney General, Sacramento, California; William Tong, Attorney General; Maura Murphy Osborne, Assistant Attorney General; Office of the Attorney General, Hartford, Connecticut; Kathleen Jennings, Attorney General; Ilona Kirshon, Deputy State Solicitor; Jessica M. Willey and David J. Lyons, Deputy Attorneys General; Delaware Department of Justice, Wilmington, Delaware; Karl A. Racine, Attorney General; Loren L. AliKhan, Solicitor General; Caroline S. Van Zile, Deputy Solicitor General; Graham E. Phillips, Assistant Attorney General; Office of the Attorney General, Washington, D.C.; Clare Connors, Attorney General; Erin Lau, Deputy Attorney General; Department of the Attorney General, Honolulu, Hawaii; Kwame Raoul, Attorney General; Elizabeth Morris, Assistant Attorney General; Office of the Attorney General, Chicago, Illinois; Brian E. Frosh, Attorney General; Steven M. Sullivan, Solicitor General; Kimberly S. Cammarata, Senior Assistant Attorney General; Attorney General’s Office, Baltimore, Maryland; Keith Ellison, Attorney General; Jacob Campion, Assistant Attorney General; Office of the Attorney General, St. Paul, Minnesota; Letitia James, Attorney General; Barbara D. Underwood, Solicitor General; Lisa Landau, Bureau Chief, Health Care Bureau; Steven C. Wu, Deputy Solicitor General; Ester Murdukhayeva, Assistant Solicitor General; Office of the Attorney General, New York, New York; Joshua H. Stein, Attorney General; Sripriya Narasimhan, Deputy General Counsel; Department of Justice, Raleigh, North Carolina; Peter F. Neronha, Attorney General; Michael W. Field, Assistant Attorney General; Office of the Attorney General, Providence, Rhode Island; Thomas J. Donovan Jr., Attorney General; Eleanor Spottswood, Assistant Attorney General; Attorney General’s Office, Montpelier, Vermont; Mark R. Herring, Attorney General; Toby J. Heytens, Solicitor General; Samuel T. Towell, Deputy Attorney General; Office of the Attorney General, Richmond, Virginia; Robert W. Ferguson, Attorney General; Jeffrey T. Sprung and Alicia O. Young, Assistant Attorneys General; Office of the Attorney General, Seattle, Washington; for Plaintiffs-Appellees.

Dwight G. Duncan, Colbe Mazzarella, North Dartmouth, Massachusetts, for Amici Curiae Residents and Families of Residents at Homes of the Little Sisters of the Poor.

Ken Paxton, Attorney General; Jeffrey C. Mateer, First Assistant Attorney General; Kyle D. Hawkins, Solicitor General; Jason R. LaFond, Assistant Solicitor General; Office of the Attorney General, Austin, Texas; Steve Marshall, Attorney General of Alabama; Leslie Rutledge, Attorney General of Arkansas; Christopher M. Garr, Attorney General of Idaho; Lawrence Wasden, Attorney General of Idaho; Jeff Landry, Attorney General of Louisiana; Eric Schmitt, Attorney General of Missouri; Tim Fox, Attorney General of Montana; Doug Peterson, Attorney General of Nebraska; Mike Hunter, Attorney General of Oklahoma; Alan Wilson, Attorney General of South Carolina; Sean Reyes, Attorney General of Utah; Patrick Morrisey, Attorney General of West Virginia; for Amici Curiae States of Texas, Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Idaho, Louisiana, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Utah, and West Virginia.

Miles E. Coleman, Nelson Mullins Riley & Scarborough LLP, Greenville, South Carolina, for Amici Curiae Constitutional Law Scholars.

Stephanie N. Taub and Lea E. Patterson, First Liberty Institute, Plano, Texas, for Amicus Curiae First Liberty Institute.

Daniel L. Chen, Gibson Dunn & Crutcher LLP, San Francisco, California; Paul Collins and Robert E. Dunn, Gibson Dunn & Crutcher LLP, Palo Alto, California; for Amicus Curiae Religious Sisters of Mercy.

Elizabeth O. Gill, ACLU Foundation of Northern California, San Francisco, California; Minouche Kandel, ACLU Foundation of Southern California, Los Angeles, California; Brigitte Amiri, ACLU Foundation, New York, New York; David Loy, ACLU Foundation of San Diego & Imperial Counties, San Diego, California; for Amici Curiae American Civil Liberties Union, ACLU of Northern California, ACLU of Southern California, ACLU of San Diego and Imperial Counties, Anti-Defamation League, Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights, and National Urban League.

Priscilla Joyce Smith, Yale Law School, Brooklyn, New York, for Amicus Curiae Program for the Study of Reproductive Justice at Yale Law School.

Jamie A. Levitt and Rhiannon N. Batchelder, Morrison & Foerster LLP, New York, New York, for Amici Curiae American Association of University Women, Service Employees International Union, and 16 Additional Professional, Labor, and Student Associations.

Diana Kasdan and Joel Dodge, Center for Reproductive Rights, New York, New York; Dariely Rodriguez, Dorian Spence, and Phylicia H. Hill, Lawyers’ Committee for Civil Rights Under Law, Washington, D.C.; for Amici Curiae Center for Reproductive Rights, Lawyers’ Committee for Civil Rights Under Law, California Women’s Law Center, GLBTQ Legal Advocates & Defenders, Latinojustice PRLDEF, Lawyers for Civil Rights, Legal Momentum, Legal Voice, Mississippi Center for Justice, National Center for Lesbian Rights, Public Counsel, and Women’s Law Project.

Maura Healey, Attorney General; Elizabeth N. Dewar, State Solicitor; Jonathan B. Miller, Jon Burke, and Julia E. Kobick, Assistant Attorneys General; Elizabeth Carnes Flynn, Special Assistant Attorney General; Office of the Attorney General, Boston, Massachusetts; Thomas J. Miller, Attorney General, Office of the Attorney General, Des Moines, Iowa; Aaron M. Frey, Attorney General, Office of the Attorney General, Augusta, Maine; Gurbir S. Grewal, Attorney General, Office of the Attorney General, Trenton, New Jersey; Hector Balderas,...

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5 practice notes
  • Equal Participation of Faith-Based Organizations in the Federal Agencies' Programs and Activities
    • United States
    • Agency For International Development,Education Department,Justice Department,Labor Department
    • Invalid date
    ...inquiry on a case-by-case basis and not to impose broader exemptions or changes of policy. These commenters relied on California, 941 F.3d at 427-28; Real Alternatives, Inc. v. Sec'y of Health & Human Servs., 867 F.3d 338, 358 & n.23 (3d Cir. 2017); and EEOC v. R.G. & G.R. Harris Funeral Ho......
  • ONLY WHERE JUSTIFIED: TOWARD LIMITS AND EXPLANATORY REQUIREMENTS FOR NATIONWIDE INJUNCTIONS.
    • United States
    • Notre Dame Law Review Vol. 95 Nbr. 5, May 2020
    • May 1, 2020
    ...California v. Health & Human Servs., 351 F. Supp. 3d 1267, 1299-1301 (N.D. Cal.) (injunction limited to state plaintiffs), aff'd, 941 F.3d 410, 421-23 (9th Cir. 2019) (not moot despite nationwide injunction issued by E.D. Pa.), petition for cert. filed, No. 19-1038 (Feb. 19, (94) See, e......
  • The Federalist No. 48, the Separation of Powers, and "the Impetuous Vortex".
    • United States
    • Harvard Journal of Law & Public Policy Vol. 44 Nbr. 1, January 2021
    • January 1, 2021
    ...Poor, 140 S. Ct. at 2367. (48.) See Little Sisters of the Poor, 140 S. Ct. at 2378; California v. U.S. Dep't of Health & Human Servs., 941 F.3d 410 (9th Cir. 2019), vacated, Little Sisters of the Poor Jeanne Jugan Residence v. California, No. 19-1053, 2020 WL 3865245 (U.S. July 9, 2020)......
  • Religious Institutions Update: December 2019 - Lex Est Sanctio Sancta
    • United States
    • JD Supra United States
    • December 16, 2019
    ...in fact." Religious and Moral Exemption to Contraceptive Coverage Mandate Enjoined In California v. U.S. Dep't of Health & Human Servs., 941 F. 3d 410 (9th Cir. 2019), the court affirmed preliminary injunctive relief and determined that several states and the District of Columbia were likel......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
2 firm's commentaries
  • Religious Institutions Update: December 2019 - Lex Est Sanctio Sancta
    • United States
    • JD Supra United States
    • December 16, 2019
    ...in fact." Religious and Moral Exemption to Contraceptive Coverage Mandate Enjoined In California v. U.S. Dep't of Health & Human Servs., 941 F. 3d 410 (9th Cir. 2019), the court affirmed preliminary injunctive relief and determined that several states and the District of Columbia were likel......
  • Religious Institutions Update: December 2019
    • United States
    • Mondaq United States
    • December 18, 2019
    ...fact." Religious and Moral Exemption to Contraceptive Coverage Mandate Enjoined In California v. U.S. Dep't of Health & Human Servs., 941 F. 3d 410 (9th Cir. 2019), the court affirmed preliminary injunctive relief and determined that several states and the District of Columbia were like......
2 books & journal articles
  • ONLY WHERE JUSTIFIED: TOWARD LIMITS AND EXPLANATORY REQUIREMENTS FOR NATIONWIDE INJUNCTIONS.
    • United States
    • Notre Dame Law Review Vol. 95 Nbr. 5, May 2020
    • May 1, 2020
    ...California v. Health & Human Servs., 351 F. Supp. 3d 1267, 1299-1301 (N.D. Cal.) (injunction limited to state plaintiffs), aff'd, 941 F.3d 410, 421-23 (9th Cir. 2019) (not moot despite nationwide injunction issued by E.D. Pa.), petition for cert. filed, No. 19-1038 (Feb. 19, (94) See, e......
  • The Federalist No. 48, the Separation of Powers, and "the Impetuous Vortex".
    • United States
    • Harvard Journal of Law & Public Policy Vol. 44 Nbr. 1, January 2021
    • January 1, 2021
    ...Poor, 140 S. Ct. at 2367. (48.) See Little Sisters of the Poor, 140 S. Ct. at 2378; California v. U.S. Dep't of Health & Human Servs., 941 F.3d 410 (9th Cir. 2019), vacated, Little Sisters of the Poor Jeanne Jugan Residence v. California, No. 19-1053, 2020 WL 3865245 (U.S. July 9, 2020)......

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