98 N.Y. 447, In re New York L. & W. Ry. Co.

Citation:98 N.Y. 447
Party Name:In the Matter of the Petition of the NEW YORK, LACKAWANNA AND WESTERN RAILROAD COMPANY for the Appointment of Commissioners to Appraise certain Lands, etc.
Case Date:March 10, 1885
Court:New York Court of Appeals

Page 447

98 N.Y. 447

In the Matter of the Petition of the NEW YORK, LACKAWANNA AND WESTERN RAILROAD COMPANY for the Appointment of Commissioners to Appraise certain Lands, etc.

New York Court of Appeal

March 10, 1885

Argued March 3, 1885.

Page 448

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Page 450

COUNSEL

John G. Milburn for appellant. The General Term had power to direct the appointment of new commissioners. (2 R. S. [7th ed.] 1552, § 18; In re N.Y. C. v. Cunningham, 64 N.Y. 60.) Parties cannot by agreement confer powers or jurisdiction upon courts. (Dudley v. Mahew, 3 N.Y. 1; Davidsburgh v. Ins. Co., 90 Id. 526.) The order of the General Term refusing to appoint new commissioners is an appealable order. (R. & S. R. R. Co. v. Davis, 43 N.Y. 137; Matter of N.Y. W. S. & B. R. R. Co., 94 Id. 287; Bergen v. Carmen, 79 Id. 146; Matter of Friedman, 82 Id. 609.) When a party has the right to have the General Term exercise its discretion, and it refuses to do so on the sole ground of want of power, its order is appealable to review that question. (Hewlett v. Wood, 69 N.Y. 394; Tolman v. R. R. Co., 92 Id. 343; Matter of Atty.-Gen'l v. Ins. Co., 88 Id. 77; Jameson v. Bk. of Jefferson, 85 Id. 546; Tilton v. Beecher, 59 Id. 176; Tracy v. Altmeyer, 46 Id. 598; Ins. Co. v. Tomlinson, 58 Id. 215; Collins v. Collins, 71 Id. 269.)

George F. Comstock for respondents. No appeal lies to this court from an order of the General Term, made upon an appeal from an appraisal and report of commissioners to correct errors either of fact or of law. The order which the General Term makes upon such an appeal is final. (N.Y. C. R. R. Co. v. Marvin, 11 N.Y. 276; Matter of Extending Canal Street, 12 Id. 406; King v. City of New York, 36 Id. 182; Matter of Commissioners of Cent. Park, 50 Id. 493; Matter of D. & H. Canal Co., 69 Id. 209; Matter of N.Y. C. & H. R. R. R. Co., 64 Id. 60; Matter of P. P. & C. I. R. R.

Page 451

Co., 85 Id. 489.) The parties to the contract were bound by its provisions, waiving the rights which the law gave them. In civil proceedings a party may waive either statutory or constitutional rights. (Embury v. Conner, 3 N.Y. 511; People v. Quigg, 59 Id. 83; Matter of Application of Cooper, 93 Id. 507; Lee v. Tillottson, 24 Wend. 337; Keator v. N. and D. Plankroad Co., 7 How. 41.) The selection, by agreement of the parties, of the persons who shall estimate values or determine controversies, is not only valid in law, but is favored by it. (D. & H. Canal Co. v. Penn. Coal Co., 50 N.Y. 520; Code of Pro., § 273; Code of Civ. Pro., § 1011; Matthew v. Ollerton, 4 Mod. 226; Hanner v. Bliss, 7 How. Pr. 246; Keator v. U. and D. Plankroad Co., 7 Id. 41.) The courts will execute agreements of this character, even though the precise legal nature and effect of the agreement may not readily appear. (Merritt v. Thompson, 27 N.Y. 225; Healey v. Gilman, 6 Robt. 479; Campbell v. Am. Pop. Life Ins. Co., 1 Mac Arthur, 246.) On the reversal of the award on appeal the court had no right under the contract to appoint other commissioners. (Matter of R. & C. R. R. Co., 67 N.Y. 242; Matter of P. P. & C. I. R. R. Co., 85 Id. 489; Crowner v. W. & R. R. R. Co., 9 How. 457.)

EARL, J.

The point is made on behalf of the respondent that an appeal in this case to this court is unauthorized, and to sustain this contention our attention is called to the cases of New York Central Railroad Co. v. Marvin (11 N.Y. 276), Matter of Del. & Hud. Canal Co. (69 Id. 209), Matter of P. P. & C. I. R. R. Co. (85 Id. 489), and to other cases. The point is not entirely free from difficulty, and we have concluded to consider the case upon its merits.

The agreement of May 24, 1883, was one of purchase and sale. It seems that the parties were not able to agree upon the compensation to be paid for the property, and there were also apparently some difficulties as to the title to be conveyed, growing out of incumbrances upon the property. Hence for the purpose of fixing the price and clearing up the title it was

Page 452

agreed that the proceedings should be taken under the General Railroad Act. It is entirely clear that the parties were not willing to leave the compensation to...

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190 practice notes
  • 147 N.Y. 639, Clark v. Clark
    • United States
    • New York New York Court of Appeals
    • December 10, 1895
    ...and they have the right to come to such agreement in the case as they deem for their best interest. (In re N.Y. L. & W. R. R. Co., 98 N.Y. 447; H. K. B. Co. v. Cooper, 114 N.Y. 388; Bleakley v. Sullivan, 140 N.Y. 175; Cochrane v. Schell, 140 N.Y. 526; People v. City of Troy, 82 N.Y. 395......
  • 170 N.Y. 233, Industrial & General Trust v. Tod
    • United States
    • New York New York Court of Appeals
    • March 25, 1902
    ...(White v. M. R. R. Co., 135 Mass. 216; Sanford v. C. T. Assn., 86 Hun, 380; 147 N.Y. 326; Matter of N.Y. L. E. & W. R. Co., 98 N.Y. 447; D. & H. C. Co. v. P. C. Co., 50 N.Y. 250; Seward v. City of Rochester, 109 N.Y. 164; Hamilton v. L. Ins. Co., 136 U.S. 242; L., L. & G. Ins. C......
  • 174 N.Y. 450, People ex rel. McLaughlin v. Board of Police Com'rs of City of Yonkers
    • United States
    • New York New York Court of Appeals
    • April 28, 1903
    ...or guaranteed him by the Constitution. (Embury v. Conner, 3 N.Y. 511; Matter of Cooper, 93 N.Y. 507; Matter of N.Y. L. & W. R. R Co., 98 N.Y. 447; Mayor, etc., of N.Y. v. Manh. Ry. Co., 143 N.Y. 1.) And if the statements in the returns constitute an accurate presentation of all the fact......
  • 278 N.Y. 45, Lindlots Realty Corporation v. Suffolk County
    • United States
    • New York New York Court of Appeals
    • May 24, 1938
    ...plaintiff has not the right to maintain the action. (Queck-Berner v. Macy, 240 N.Y. 341; Page 49 Matter of N.Y. L. & W. R. R. Co., 98 N.Y. 447; H. K. & S. Bk. Corp. v. Cooper, 114 N.Y. 388; Civ. Prac. Act, § 242; Richardson v. Gregory, 219 A.D. 211; Rodger v. Bliss, 130 Misc. 168; K......
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190 cases
  • 147 N.Y. 639, Clark v. Clark
    • United States
    • New York New York Court of Appeals
    • December 10, 1895
    ...and they have the right to come to such agreement in the case as they deem for their best interest. (In re N.Y. L. & W. R. R. Co., 98 N.Y. 447; H. K. B. Co. v. Cooper, 114 N.Y. 388; Bleakley v. Sullivan, 140 N.Y. 175; Cochrane v. Schell, 140 N.Y. 526; People v. City of Troy, 82 N.Y. 395......
  • 170 N.Y. 233, Industrial & General Trust v. Tod
    • United States
    • New York New York Court of Appeals
    • March 25, 1902
    ...(White v. M. R. R. Co., 135 Mass. 216; Sanford v. C. T. Assn., 86 Hun, 380; 147 N.Y. 326; Matter of N.Y. L. E. & W. R. Co., 98 N.Y. 447; D. & H. C. Co. v. P. C. Co., 50 N.Y. 250; Seward v. City of Rochester, 109 N.Y. 164; Hamilton v. L. Ins. Co., 136 U.S. 242; L., L. & G. Ins. C......
  • 174 N.Y. 450, People ex rel. McLaughlin v. Board of Police Com'rs of City of Yonkers
    • United States
    • New York New York Court of Appeals
    • April 28, 1903
    ...or guaranteed him by the Constitution. (Embury v. Conner, 3 N.Y. 511; Matter of Cooper, 93 N.Y. 507; Matter of N.Y. L. & W. R. R Co., 98 N.Y. 447; Mayor, etc., of N.Y. v. Manh. Ry. Co., 143 N.Y. 1.) And if the statements in the returns constitute an accurate presentation of all the fact......
  • 278 N.Y. 45, Lindlots Realty Corporation v. Suffolk County
    • United States
    • New York New York Court of Appeals
    • May 24, 1938
    ...plaintiff has not the right to maintain the action. (Queck-Berner v. Macy, 240 N.Y. 341; Page 49 Matter of N.Y. L. & W. R. R. Co., 98 N.Y. 447; H. K. & S. Bk. Corp. v. Cooper, 114 N.Y. 388; Civ. Prac. Act, § 242; Richardson v. Gregory, 219 A.D. 211; Rodger v. Bliss, 130 Misc. 168; K......
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