992 F.2d 813 (8th Cir. 1993), 92-3183, Miles v. A.O. Smith Harvestore Products, Inc.
|Citation:||992 F.2d 813|
|Party Name:||Telois MILES, Appellant, v. A.O. SMITH HARVESTORE PRODUCTS, INC.; A.O. Smith Corporation, Appellees.|
|Case Date:||May 07, 1993|
|Court:||United States Courts of Appeals, Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit|
Submitted March 18, 1993.
John R. Elrod, Siloam Springs, AR, for appellant.
John C. Dods, Kansas City, MO, Roger A. Glasgow and Troy A. Price, Little Rock, AR, on the brief), for appellees.
Before McMILLIAN, JOHN R. GIBSON and WOLLMAN, Circuit Judges.
McMILLIAN, Circuit Judge.
Telois Miles appeals from a final order entered in the United States District Court 1 for the Western District of Arkansas granting summary judgment to appellees A.O. Smith Corp. and A.O. Smith Harvestore Products, Inc. (hereinafter referred to collectively as Harvestore), holding that her cause of action is barred by the applicable statute of limitations. Miles v. A.O. Smith Harvestore Products, Inc., No. 91-3069 (W.D.Ark. Aug. 21, 1992) (order and letter opinion). For reversal, appellant argues that the district court erred in granting summary judgment because an issue of material fact remains unresolved. For the reasons discussed below, we affirm the judgment of the district court.
Because this is an appeal from a grant of summary judgment, we relate the facts in
the light most favorable to appellant as the non-moving party. Appellant operates a dairy farm near Berryville, Arkansas. Her late husband Lee also participated in the operation of the farm until his death in 1990. In 1973, appellant and her husband purchased two Harvestore silos in which to store feed for their animals. These silos were designed to store feed in an oxygen-free, glass-lined environment. This system was supposed to keep the feed from being contaminated or spoiled for years.
The Harvestore sales representatives who sold the silos to appellant promised that the Harvestore system would yield benefits to appellant's operation, including increased milk production, lower labor and feed costs, and higher profits. Appellant put one of the Harvestore silos into operation in 1974. In early 1975 appellant and her husband noticed that the feed that had been stored in the silo was contaminated by mold. Harvestore's agents made repeated visits to appellant's farm to try to remedy the situation, but the contamination continued to recur. The problems were never alleviated. Appellant put the second Harvestore silo into service in 1981. 2 This silo was filled only once, and by 1982 it exhibited the same symptoms as the first silo.
During the entire period that the Harvestore silos were in service, appellant's cattle suffered such maladies as sudden death, decreased milk production, spontaneous abortions, and other reproductive problems. Appellant also claims to have had higher operating costs during this time. Both silos eventually became so clogged with mold-contaminated feed that appellant discontinued their use. Since 1985 the silos have gone unused, still partially full of feed. 3
Evidence obtained by appellant during discovery reveals that Harvestore was aware of the deficiencies in the Harvestore silo system, but continued to sell them. After the sale to appellant, Harvestore continued to send her (and other Harvestore owners) a magazine called "Harvestore Farming/Farmer." This in-house periodical extolled the virtues of the Harvestore silo system, despite Harvestore's knowledge that many users had experienced problems with it.
In April of 1990, appellant's son read an article in a different magazine detailing the similar problems faced by other users of the Harvestore silo system. The article recounted the successful litigation that farmers situated similarly to appellant had brought against Harvestore.
Appellant instituted the present diversity action on August 27, 1991. Appellant alleged fraud and conspiracy to defraud. Harvestore moved for summary judgment on the ground that appellant's cause of action was barred by the applicable three-year statute of limitations. The district court ruled that appellant's cause of action accrued in 1985 at the very latest, for that was when she abandoned the silos as wholly useless. The district court noted that appellant was aware almost as soon as the silos were erected on her property that they did not live up to the representations of Harvestore, and that there was no effort by Harvestore to conceal appellant's cause of action so as to toll the statute of limitations. The district court found that the facts giving rise to the cause of action were plainly visible from the time appellant put the silos into service, and that appellant had actual knowledge that the representations of Harvestore were false; she certainly had reason to know that she had been defrauded. She did not file her complaint until 1991, more than six years later. The district court granted summary judgment in favor of Harvestore. This appeal followed.
This court reviews a grant of summary judgment de novo, without deferring to the decision of the district court. The question
before the district court, and this court on appeal, is whether the record, when viewed in the light most favorable to the non-moving party, shows that there is no genuine issue as to any material fact and that the moving party is entitled to judgment as a matter of law. St. Paul Fire & Marine Ins. Co. v. FDIC, 968 F.2d 695, 699 (8th...
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