Adam R., In re

Citation67 Cal.Rptr.2d 76,57 Cal.App.4th 348
Decision Date26 August 1997
Docket NumberNo. D027535,D027535
Parties, 97 Cal. Daily Op. Serv. 6938, 97 Daily Journal D.A.R. 11,131 In re ADAM R., a Person Coming Under the Juvenile Court Law. The PEOPLE, Plaintiff and Respondent, v. ADAM R., Defendant and Appellant.
CourtCalifornia Court of Appeals

Daniel E. Lungren, Attorney General, George Williamson, Chief Assistant Attorney General, Gary W. Schons, Assistant Attorney General, and Jeffrey J. Koch, Deputy Attorney General, for Plaintiff and Respondent.

McDONALD, Associate Justice.

I PROCEDURAL BACKGROUND

In September 1996 the People filed an amended petition in the juvenile department of the Superior Court alleging that 12-year-old Adam R. is a person within the jurisdiction of the juvenile court under WELFARE AND INSTITUTIONS CODE SECTION 6021 as a result of the commission of seven residential burglaries. (Pen.Code, § 459.) The petition sought to have Adam declared a ward of the court.

At the November 1996 adjudication hearing the court found true the petition allegations on two counts of residential burglary (Pen.Code, § 459) and dismissed the other five counts. The court found the maximum period of confinement to be seven years and four months. It then entered the following finding:

"The Court finds unusual circumstances as follows: THE MINOR WAS UNDER THE AGE OF 12 YEARS AT THE TIME THE OFFENSE WAS COMMITTED. THE CO-PARTICIPANTS WERE SUBSTANTIALLY OLDER THAN THE MINOR pursuant to WIC 654.3. Hearing on the petition filed SEPTEMBER 13, 1996 is continued for 6 months and the minor, with the minor and parent or guardian's consent, is ordered to comply with the following program of supervision ...:"

The court then set forth the conditions of the program of supervision and ordered:

"The matter is set for INFORMAL PROB. (654.2) REV. HRG ... on May 12, 1997.... Minor is ordered to return."

At the adjudication hearing the court stated:

"I am finding the minor to be eligible under 654.3 ... and I am going to put him under 654 contract, give him an opportunity at the age of 12 not to be a criminal for the rest of his life.

"...

"... [I]f you [Adam] obey the terms and conditions[,] at the end of six months I am going to bring you back here and I will dismiss the petition so you will have no criminal record...."

At the May 1997 informal probation review hearing the court ordered, "Court continues 654.2 contract for two months," and set a further "informal prob. (654.2) rev. hrg. [for] July 25, 1997." At the July 25, 1997 hearing the court found, "The minor has successfully complied with his ... conditions of probation," and ordered jurisdiction terminated.

Adam appeals the true findings that he committed two counts of residential burglary made at the November 1996 adjudication hearing. He contends the findings are not supported by substantial evidence.

II DISCUSSION

By making true findings of guilt on section 602 petition allegations and at the same time ordering the minor to participate in a section 654 informal supervision program, the court impermissibly amalgamated two separate procedures. Section 654 authorizes an informal supervision program for a minor who in the opinion of a probation officer is, or will probably soon be, within the jurisdiction of the juvenile court. The purpose of the informal supervision program is to provide assistance and services to the minor and the minor's family to "adjust the situation" and avoid further involvement in the formal juvenile criminal justice system. If the minor satisfactorily completes the informal supervision program designed by the probation officer, no section 602 petition is filed. If the minor does not satisfactorily complete the program, the probation officer or the prosecuting attorney may file the section 602 petition.

In 1989 section 654.2 2 was enacted to permit the court to order a section 654 informal supervision program for a minor after a section 602 petition has been filed. As the court stated in In re Armondo A. (1992) 3 Cal.App.4th 1185, 1189, 5 Cal.Rptr.2d 101:

"The Legislature intended to address juvenile delinquency at its inception and at the earliest signs of delinquency with a less structured program. To meet this objective it gave the courts more authority to deal with minors before they become habitual criminals. Section 654.2 created a new power in the juvenile courts by allowing them to order informal supervision after a petition had been filed. This power is in addition to the probation officer's already existing prepetition discretion. [Citations.]

"It appears that section 654.2 creates a new power in the court to grant informal ... supervision in a postpetition setting independently of the probation officer's prepetition discretion."

However, the section 654.2 informal supervision program, although postpetition, is preadjudication of the charges alleged in the petition. As this court stated in In re Adam D. (1997) 56 Cal.App.4th 100, 103, 65 Cal.Rptr.2d 15:

"The court does have discretion to order informal supervision under section 654.2 rather than continuing with the petition proceedings. (In re Armondo A. (1992) 3 Cal.App.4th 1185, 1189, 1190, 5 Cal.Rptr.2d In fact the purpose of the section 654 informal supervision program is to avoid a true finding on criminal culpability which would result in a criminal record for the minor. If the informal supervision program is satisfactorily completed by the minor, the petition must be dismissed. (§ 654.2; In re Adam D., supra, 56 Cal.App.4th at p. 103, 65 Cal.Rptr.2d 15.)

                101.)   The order for a program of informal supervision under section 654.2, however, is appropriate prior to a court finding that the minor is within the jurisdiction of the juvenile court.  Thus, in Armondo A. the minor was permitted to withdraw his admission to the allegations of the petition to afford the court the opportunity to exercise its discretion to order a program of informal supervision under section 654.  (3 Cal.App.4th at pp. 1189, 1190, 5 Cal.Rptr.2d 101.)   If under section 654.2 the court orders the minor to participate in a program of informal supervision as set forth in section 654 and the minor satisfactorily completes that program, the petition must be dismissed.  If the minor does not satisfactorily complete the program, there is no statutory provision for dismissal of the petition;  rather, the proceedings on the petition continue."
                

In this case it is clear that the trial court...

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  • Ricki J. v. Superior Court, C047588.
    • United States
    • California Court of Appeals
    • April 21, 2005
    ...jurisdictional hearing only if the minor fails to satisfactorily complete his or her program of supervision. (In re Adam R. (1997) 57 Cal. App.4th 348, 352-353, 67 Cal.Rptr.2d 76.) An order of informal supervision under section 654.2 is not an appealable judgment or order after judgment. (§......
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    • United States
    • California Court of Appeals
    • December 17, 2009
    ...the court to order a section 654 informal supervision program for a minor after a section 602 petition has been filed." (In re Adam R. (1997) 57 Cal.App.4th 348, 351-352 , fn. omitted; see In re Abdirahman S. (1997) 58 Cal.App.4th 963, 967-968 The underlying purpose of section 654 informal ......
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    • December 19, 2002
    ...is clear from the transcript of oral proceedings that no such adjudication was contemplated or attempted. (See In re Adam R. (1997) 57 Cal.App.4th 348, 353, 67 Cal.Rptr.2d 76 [court "cannot make true findings on ... the petition and then order an informal supervision program under section 3......
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    • June 29, 2015
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