Adoption of Sheeks, Matter of

Decision Date30 March 1976
Docket NumberNo. 1--1075A174,1--1075A174
Citation168 Ind.App. 591,344 N.E.2d 872
PartiesIn the Matter of the ADOPTION OF Danny Joe SHEEKS, a minor. Fred SHEEKS and Donna Sue Kindred Sheeks, Appellants (Respondents below), v. Conrad ALVARADO and Debra Alvarado, Appellees (Petitioners below).
CourtIndiana Appellate Court

Robert L. Sheaffer, Sheaffer & Yeager, Shelbyville, for appellants.


Respondents-appellants (Sheeks) had duly adopted Danny Joe Sheeks and petitioners-appellees (Alvarados), natural parents of Danny Joe, brought this action to set aside adoption and for custody. From a decree setting the adoption aside and returning the child to his natural parents Sheeks appeal.


The issue on which we will be required to write is whether the trial court committed reversible error in ordering the Department of Public Welfare of Tippecanoe County, Indiana, to make an investigation into the Alvarado home and to make their report to the court, and whether the trial court erred in giving due consideration in its findings and decree to said report as well as to a report by the Department of Public Welfare of Morgan County, Indiana.


The trial judge entered his findings and judgment setting aside the adoption and returned the child to appellees. A part of the findings is as follows, to-wit:

'That reports as ordered by the Court have been filed by the Tippecanoe County Department of Public Welfare and the Morgan County Department of Public Welfare, which reports have been examined by the Court and given due consideration in the findings which follow:

* * *' (Our emphasis.)


Appellants contend that the court committed reversible error in ordering the Welfare reports and in examining and taking such reports into consideration in its finding and decree.

Appellees have not seen fit to file a brief in this court. Thus, appellants need only demonstrate prima facie error in order to win reversal. Estate of Parrish (Norris v. Mortor) (1973), Ind.App., 293 N.E.2d 62, 65. See also, Michels v. Young Metal Products Inc. (1971), 148 Ind.App. 502, 267 N.E.2d 572, 574.

'In the absence of an appellee's brief the statements as to the facts contained in appellant's brief will be treated as accurate and sufficient for a full deterstanding of the questions presented for decision. . . .' Fortson v. Iden (1966), 138 Ind.App. 432, 433, 214 N.E.2d 399, 400.

Appellants rely on the case of In Re Adoption of Jeralds (1972), 152 Ind.App. 538, 284 N.E.2d 99 for their authority that the court committed reversible error in considering the Welfare reports without appellants having been afforded the right to cross examine the maker of the reports or to rebut items or inferences of the reports or to have an opportunity to object to the use of the reports. Jeralds specifically held that in a contested adoption case, the things appellants complain of in the case at bar constitute reversible error.

This court in Jeralds said:

'STATEMENT ON THE LAW: Where an adoption proceeding is contested by a natural parent, welfare reports should not be considered by the trial court as part of the evidence upon rendering its judgment. Our Supreme Court stated in Attkisson v. Usrey (1946), 224 Ind. 155, 65 N.E.2d 489:

'In considering that portion of our adoption statute which provides for the preparation and submission of such report and recommendation for the use of the court in arriving at its decision, and that the same may be read in evidence on order of the court, it must be borne in mind that adoption proceedings are in the great majority of cases ex parte. Leonard v. Honisfager, 1909, 43 Ind.App. 607, 88 N.E. 91; Johnson v. Smith, 1931, 203 Ind. 214, 176 N.E. 705. Such proceedings only become adversary where, as in this case, the parents refuse to consent and contest the same. Glansman v. Ledbetter, 1921, 190 Ind. 505, 130 N.E. 230; Leonard v. Honisfager, supra; Johnson v. Smith, supra. In our opinion,...

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3 cases
  • M.R. by Ratliff v. Meltzer
    • United States
    • Indiana Appellate Court
    • January 23, 1986
    ... ...         2. whether the Newton Circuit Court had jurisdiction to render the adoption null and void eight months after granting it, solely upon an agreement between the adopting father ... dispute of material fact, and (b) any paternity action against him had been terminated as a matter of law due to M.R.'s adoption. The trial court granted Meltzer's summary judgment motion. Ratliff ... adoption proceedings are ex parte and not adversarial in nature, In Matter of Adoption of Sheeks (1976) 168 Ind.App. 591, 344 N.E.2d 872, 872, no formal service of process upon Meltzer was ... ...
  • Miller's Estate, Matter of
    • United States
    • Indiana Appellate Court
    • January 27, 1977
    ...need only demonstrate a prima facie case of reversible error to obtain a reversal of this cause. In the Matter of the Adoption of Sheeks v. Alvarado (1976), Ind.App., 344 N.E.2d 872, 873; Environmental Control Systems, Inc. v. Allison (1974), Ind.App., 314 N.E.2d 820, Hazel argues that the ......
  • Colley v. Carpenter
    • United States
    • Indiana Appellate Court
    • April 11, 1977
    ... ... See In re Sheeks (1976), Ind.App., 344 N.E.2d 872 ...         In order for Colley to prove a prima facie ...         We now hold that, as a matter of law, the facts presented to us in this appeal show that Colley complied with each and every ... ...

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