Alexander Hamilton Corp. v. Leeson, Nos. 85-2668

CourtCourt of Appeal of Florida (US)
Writing for the CourtPER CURIAM
Citation12 Fla. L. Weekly 1436,508 So.2d 513
Decision Date10 June 1987
Docket Number4-86-0442,Nos. 85-2668
Parties12 Fla. L. Weekly 1436 ALEXANDER HAMILTON CORP., a Florida corporation, Appellant, v. Gerald A. LEESON, et ux., Appellees.

Page 513

508 So.2d 513
12 Fla. L. Weekly 1436
ALEXANDER HAMILTON CORP., a Florida corporation, Appellant,
v.
Gerald A. LEESON, et ux., Appellees.
Nos. 85-2668, 4-86-0442.
District Court of Appeal of Florida,
Fourth District.
June 10, 1987.

Reed B. McClosky, Fort Lauderdale, for appellant.

Robert A. Plafsky, Fort Lauderdale, for appellees.

PER CURIAM.

We reverse the final judgment which dismissed the complaint of Alexander Hamilton Corp. with prejudice, "as said complaint is barred by the Statute of Limitations as appears on the face of the complaint," and which judgment awarded costs and attorney fees to Mr. and Mrs. Leeson.

Under Florida Rules of Civil Procedure 1.110(d), the Leesons should have raised their affirmative defense of statute of limitations in their answer and not via a motion to dismiss. Cook v. Central and Southern Florida Flood Control District, 114 So.2d 691 (Fla. 2d DCA 1959). The purpose of a motion to dismiss is to test whether a plaintiff has alleged a good cause of action in the complaint and, therefore, consideration of defendant's affirmative defenses or the sufficiency of the evidence is irrelevant and immaterial in deciding a motion to dismiss. Parkway General Hospital, Inc. v. Allstate Insurance Company, 393 So.2d 1171 (Fla. 3d DCA 1981).

Regardless of the just stated salutary principles of pleading which promote harmony and order, some courts have created an exception to the effect that the statute of limitations can be raised by a motion to dismiss, if the complaint affirmatively and clearly shows the conclusive applicability of such defense as a bar to the action. Toledo Park Homes v. Grant, 447 So.2d 343 (Fla. 4th DCA 1984); and Evans v. Parker, 440 So.2d 640 (Fla. 1st DCA 1983). Honoring the exception, we have examined the complaint and find that it does not qualify for the exception. We are of the opinion, in light of the allegations found in the complaint, that the issues here should be developed in the ordinary course, with the Leesons pleading their affirmative defenses in their answer as they are advised and with Alexander Hamilton Corp. being then allowed to amend or respond by way of avoidance as they may be able. See Government Employees Insurance Co. v. Wheelus, 319 So.2d 181 (Fla. 4th DCA 1975).

Finally, since the judgment is here reversed and the complaint reinstated, it follows

Page 514

that the award of costs and attorney fees must fail, and that any such award be deferred and considered...

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12 practice notes
  • City of Pembroke Pines v. Fed. Emergency Mgmt. Agency, Case No. 19-cv-62056-SINGHAL
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 11th Circuit. United States District Courts. 11th Circuit. Southern District of Florida
    • January 4, 2021
    ...an affirmative defense, meaning that the plaintiff is not required to negate it in its complaint."); Alexander Hamilton Corp. v. Leeson , 508 So. 2d 513 (Fla. 4th DCA 1987) (defendants should have raised their affirmative defense of statute of limitations in their answer and not via motion ......
  • Vause v. Bay Medical Center, No. 94-549
    • United States
    • Court of Appeal of Florida (US)
    • December 30, 1996
    ...unless the complaint affirmatively and clearly shows the conclusive applicability of the defense. Alexander Hamilton Corp. v. Leeson, 508 So.2d 513 (Fla. 4th DCA 1987); see Hett v. Madison Mut. Ins. Co., 621 So.2d 764 (Fla. 2d DCA 1993); rev. dismissed, 632 So.2d 1026 (Fla.), cert. denied, ......
  • Provence v. Palm Beach Taverns, Inc., No. 95-0544
    • United States
    • Court of Appeal of Florida (US)
    • June 26, 1996
    ...to determine whether the complaint has alleged a cause of action upon which relief can be granted. Alexander Hamilton Corp. v. Leeson, 508 So.2d 513 (Fla. 4th DCA 1987). The trial court must look only to the four corners of the complaint and the allegations contained therein should be taken......
  • Levine v. Levine, No. 98-02296.
    • United States
    • Florida District Court of Appeals
    • July 2, 1999
    ...would permit disposition of the limitations defenses on motion for summary judgment or at trial. See Alexander Hamilton Corp. v. Leeson, 508 So.2d 513 (Fla. 4th DCA Gordimer and company also contend that we must affirm the dismissals as to them under the principle that compels us to approve......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
12 cases
  • City of Pembroke Pines v. Fed. Emergency Mgmt. Agency, Case No. 19-cv-62056-SINGHAL
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 11th Circuit. United States District Courts. 11th Circuit. Southern District of Florida
    • January 4, 2021
    ...an affirmative defense, meaning that the plaintiff is not required to negate it in its complaint."); Alexander Hamilton Corp. v. Leeson , 508 So. 2d 513 (Fla. 4th DCA 1987) (defendants should have raised their affirmative defense of statute of limitations in their answer and not via motion ......
  • Vause v. Bay Medical Center, No. 94-549
    • United States
    • Court of Appeal of Florida (US)
    • December 30, 1996
    ...unless the complaint affirmatively and clearly shows the conclusive applicability of the defense. Alexander Hamilton Corp. v. Leeson, 508 So.2d 513 (Fla. 4th DCA 1987); see Hett v. Madison Mut. Ins. Co., 621 So.2d 764 (Fla. 2d DCA 1993); rev. dismissed, 632 So.2d 1026 (Fla.), cert. denied, ......
  • Provence v. Palm Beach Taverns, Inc., No. 95-0544
    • United States
    • Court of Appeal of Florida (US)
    • June 26, 1996
    ...to determine whether the complaint has alleged a cause of action upon which relief can be granted. Alexander Hamilton Corp. v. Leeson, 508 So.2d 513 (Fla. 4th DCA 1987). The trial court must look only to the four corners of the complaint and the allegations contained therein should be taken......
  • Levine v. Levine, No. 98-02296.
    • United States
    • Florida District Court of Appeals
    • July 2, 1999
    ...would permit disposition of the limitations defenses on motion for summary judgment or at trial. See Alexander Hamilton Corp. v. Leeson, 508 So.2d 513 (Fla. 4th DCA Gordimer and company also contend that we must affirm the dismissals as to them under the principle that compels us to approve......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

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